Clayton George Bailey (born 9 March 1939 in Antigo, Wisconsin), is an American artist who works primarily in the mediums of ceramic and metal sculpture.
Bailey in 2014
|Born||9 March 1939|
|Education||University of Wisconsin–Madison, B.S., 1961 M.S., 1962|
|Known for||Sculpture, Ceramics, Performance|
|Movement||Funk art, Nut art|
|Spouse(s)||Betty G. Bailey|
Over the next five years, Bailey will travel the country accepting invitations to teach, from the People's Art Center in St. Louis, Missouri to positions with the University of Iowa, and the University of South Dakota. During this period Bailey receives a Louis Comfort Tiffany grant (1963), and will be appointed artist-in-residence at University of Wisconsin–Whitewater, where he will teach ceramics for the next three years.
At the bequest of Robert Arneson, Bailey covers Arneson's classes at the University of California, Davis while Arneson is on sabbatical in 1967. In 1968, Bailey relocates to northern California, where he becomes a leading figure in the ceramic vein of the regional Funk art movement, as had been pioneered by Arneson. Much of the Funk art activity is centered around UC Davis, where other prominent figures in the movement (Roy De Forest, Manuel Neri, William T. Wiley, David Gilhooly, Chris Unterseher, Margaret Dodd) either taught, or attended classes.
In 1968, Bailey began teaching at California State University, Hayward (now California State University, East Bay). He retired from this position in June 1996, with the title of Professor Emeritus of Ceramics.
In 1970, Bailey established a home-studio space in rural Port Costa, California, where he became neighbors with fellow artist Roy De Forest. The two collaborated on numerous projects, and remained friends until De Forest's death in 2007.
Overlapping the Funk art movement was Nut art, a term coined by De Forest, which brought together many of the same practitioners including Arneson, De Forest, and Gilhooly, along with Peter Saul, Jerry Gooch, Victor Cicanski, Richard Shaw, David Zack. In 1972, Bailey co-curated the first-ever Nut art show at California State University, Hayward.
Stylistically, Bailey's work bridges several different categories and styles including Funk art, Nut art, ceramic and metallic sculpture, and Performance art. A recurring thread through all his work is humor, along with a high degree of craftsmanship.
Another track for artistic expression developed with the creation of Bailey's alter ego Dr. George Gladstone, beginning in 1969. Initially, the works blended performance and creations based on pseudo-science and personal mythologies. Works included the creation of fossilized remains (usually ceramic or from earth materials) and the classification of a new time period, the Pre-Credulous Era, the source of such Kaolithic curiosities as a cyclops skull and a Bigfoot skeleton. Dressed in a lab coat and pith helmet, Bailey as Dr. Gladstone performed excavations and staged performances and pranks. The World of Wonders, a traveling museum dedicated to Dr. Gladstone's life and work was developed, and presented in various venues, beginning with the Richmond Art Center. In 1976, The World of Wonders Museum opened in downtown Port Costa, where it became a local tourist attraction until its closure in 1978. The collection is now split between Bailey's home-studio, and the Bailey Art Museum in downtown Crockett, California.
Over the years, the Dr. Gladstone character evolved into something more akin to a mad scientist, allowing Bailey to explore other forms of art with pseudo-scientific origins and associations. Most notable have been sculptures based on robots, beginning in the late 1970s and continuing on to today, although this work is now presented, and credited as Bailey's, not Dr. Gladstone's. The latest offshoot of the metallic sculpture (built from found materials and objects) has been a series of Space Guns.
In 1974, Bailey was profiled in Esquire Magazine as Dr. Gladstone. In the article written by Susan Subtle, "Their Arts Belong to Dada", Bailey was featured alongside artists Lowell Darling, Anna Banana, Ant Farm (group), Futzie Nutzle, Dr. Brute & Lady Brute, Mr. Peanut, Irene Dogmatic, AA Bronson, Captain Video, Flakey Rose Hip, Henry Humble, The Gluers and Dickens Bascom, Don and Rae Davis, and T.R. Uthco.
Presently, Bailey continues to work in a variety of mediums and styles. Throughout his career as an artist, Bailey has exhibited regularly throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia in both solo and group exhibitions. In 2011, Bailey was honored with a 50-year retrospective exhibition (Clayton Bailey's World of Wonders) at the Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento, California.
Since 1970, Bailey and his wife (fellow artist Betty Bailey), have resided in Port Costa, California.
Bailey Art MuseumEdit
In 2013, Bailey and his wife, artist Betty G. Bailey, founded the Bailey Art Museum in Crockett, California. The Bailey Art Museum is near the Bailey's residence and studio in Port Costa. The 3,200 square feet (300 m2) space brings together works from across the artist's five decades plus career featuring examples of Funk art, Nut art, ceramics, and metal sculpture (including robots and space guns), as well as pseudo-scientific curiosities by the artist's alter-ego Dr. Gladstone. The museum also includes narrative watercolor drawings by Betty G. Bailey and a gift shop.
Awards and honorsEdit
- 1963 – American Craft Council Grant
- 1963 – Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Grant
- 1979 – National Endowment for the Arts Grant Recipient
- 1982 – Fellow N.C.E.C.A. (National Council on Education in Ceramic Arts)
- 1984 – U.S. Patent #4440390 issued to Clayton G. Bailey (for a "Novelty Squirting Cup")
- 1990 – Panelist, California Arts Council, Artists Fellowship Program
- 1990 – National Endowment for the Arts Grant Recipient
- 1998 – Celestial Seasonings, Inc. "A Loose Interpretation III," Boulder, CO, Received Honorable Mention for creation of Celeste, the Robot Teabag
- 2009 – "Golden Bear Artist of the Year" Award and Commendation from the California Arts Council and the Lt. Governor of the State of California
Selected Public Collections
- Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
- American Craft Museum, New York City, New york
- Arizona State University Art Museum, Tempe, Arizona
- Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo, Japan
- Bakken Museum and Library, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- Berry College, Mt. Berry, Georgia
- Bank of America, Chicago, Illinois
- Brooks Memorial Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee
- Burpee Museum, Rockford, Illinois
- Carborundum Museum of American Ceramics. Niagara Falls, New York
- Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, California
- Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware
- DeYoung Museum, San Francisco, California
- di Rosa Art Preserve. Napa, California
- Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
- Fresno Art Museum, Fresno, California
- Harrison Museum of Art, Logan, Utah
- Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
- Hokkoku Shinbun, Korinbo, Japan
- Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, Hawaii
- Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois
- Iowa State Art Association, Marshalltown, Iowa
- Johnson Foundation, Racine, Wisconsin
- Katzen Museum, American University, Washington, D.C.
- Kohler Company, Kohler, Wisconsin
- Karstadt, Munich, Germany
- Metromedia Corp., Los Angeles, California
- Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, California
- Leslie Ceramic Supply, Berkeley, California
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
- MacKenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
- Microsoft Corp., Seattle, Washington
- Mills College, Oakland, California
- Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Mint Museum of Craft and Design, Charlotte, North Carolina
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Honolulu, Hawaii
- Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, New York
- Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
- Musee d' ethnographie, Neuchatel, Switzerland
- Muskingum College, Muskingum, Ohio
- Nickle Arts Museum, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, California
- Racine Museum of Fine Arts, Racine, Wisconsin
- Redding Museum, Redding, California
- Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Museum, Washington, D.C.
- Rhinelander Chamber of Commerce, Rhinelander, Wisconsin
- Richard Nelson Gallery, University of California, Davis, California
- Sacramento Light Rail, 16th Street Station (Commissioned Pavement Tiles)
- Sacramento State University, Sacramento, California
- San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
- San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, California
- Shasta College, Redding, California
- Stanford University, Green Library, Palo Alto, California
- Stanford University, Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Palo Alto, California
- University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
- University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota
- University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma
- University of Utah Museum of Art, Salt Lake City, Utah
- University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
- University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
- United States Information Agency, (USIA)
- DePaoli, G. Joan; Bailey, Clayton (2000). Clayton Bailey : happenings in the circus of life (1st ed.). Davis, CA: John Natsoulas Press. p. 159. ISBN 188157282X.
- Daniels, Diana L. (2011). Clayton Bailey's World Of Wonders. Sacramento, California, USA: Crocker Art Museum. pp. 22, 44, 115. ISBN 9781884038228.
- Smithsonian Archives of American Art. "The Candy Store Gallery Records". SmithsonianArchivesOfAmericanArt. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- Linhares, Philip E. (2011). Clayton Bailey's World Of Wonders. Sacramento, California, USA: Crocker Art Museum. p. 8. ISBN 9781884038228.
- Albright, Thomas (1985). Art in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1845-1980 : [an illustrated history]. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 231. ISBN 0-520-05518-7.
- Albright, Thomas (1985). Art in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1845-1980 : [an illustrated history]. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. pp. 231–232. ISBN 0520055187.
- Subtle, Susan (August 1974). "Their Arts Belong to Dada". Esquire Magazine.
- "Literrata: Mill Valley's Unknown Museum and the Gluers Junk Art Movement". Literrata. 9 August 2017.
- "Bailey Art Museum - Robots of Clayton Bailey, Crockett, California". RoadsideAmerica.com.
- Linhares, Diana L. Daniels ; with essays by Philip E.; Frank, Patrick (2011). Clayton Bailey's world of wonders. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum. pp. 1, 7–8. ISBN 978-1-8840-3822-8.
- Hamlin, Jesse (4 April 2013). "Bay Area arts news". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- Official website
- Bailey Art Museum - Crockett, CA
- SFGATE: Clayton Bailey's zany art in retrospective show
- Clayton Bailey and Tony Natsoulas Conversation