|Bahraini Gulf Arabic|
Official language in
|Not official in any country|
|Regulated by||Not recognised as a language|
An sociolinguistic feature of Bahrain is the existence of three distinct dialects: Bahrani Arabic (a dialect primarily spoken by Bahraini in Shia villages and some parts of Manama), Sunni and Ajami Arabic.
In Bahrain, the Sunni muslims form a minority of the population, but the ruling family is Sunni. Therefore, the Bahraini Gulf Arabic dialect represented on TV is almost invariably that of the Sunni population. Therefore, power, prestige and financial control are associated with the Sunni Arabs. This is having a major effect on the direction of language change in Bahrain.
- "Bahrain". Etnologue. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
- Bassiouney, Reem (2009). "5". Arabic Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 105–107.
- Holes, C. (1984). Bahraini dialects: sectarian differences exemplified through texts.' Zeitschrift fur arabische Linguistik 10. pp.433–457.