Bagong Alyansang Makabayan

The Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (lit.'"New Patriotic Alliance"') or Bayan is an alliance of left-wing Philippine organizations. It was founded on International Workers' Day, May 1, 1985 as part of the opposition during the Marcos dictatorship.[2]

Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
PresidentSatur Ocampo
Liza Maza
ChairmanCarol Pagaduan Araullo
Secretary-GeneralRenato Reyes
FounderLorenzo M. Tañada
Lean Alejandro
FoundedMay 1, 1985; 37 years ago (1985-05-01)
HeadquartersQuezon City
IdeologyLeft-wing nationalism
Left-wing populism
National Democracy
Anti-Americanism
Indigenism
Anti-imperialism[1]
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
International affiliationInternational League of Peoples' Struggle
ColorsRed
Seats in the Senate
0 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
3 / 316
Provincial governorships
0 / 80
Provincial vice governorships
0 / 80
Provincial board members
0 / 1,023
Website
www.bayan.ph
Members of Bayan USA march in New York in solidarity with Occupy Wall Street
Members of Bayan USA and GABRIELA USA protest against police violence in San Francisco

PoliticsEdit

IdeologyEdit

The principle of Bayan is National Democracy, which is based on Marxism–Leninism–Maoism, similar to CPP-NPA-NDFP. It believes that:[3][failed verification]

  • The Philippines is rich in natural resources but the Filipino people are deprived of it;
  • The history of the Philippines is the history of class struggle;
  • Imperialism, Feudalism and Bureaucratic Capitalism is the root of poverty; and
  • A National-Democratic Revolution is the solution to end the roots of poverty

However, unlike underground revolutionary organizations such as the Communist Party of the Philippines, its armed wing the New People's Army and its united front the National Democratic Front, members of Bayan do not take up arms. They participate in the urban mass movement, which are the dual tactics of the revolution, and participate in the revolution through mass mobilizations.[citation needed]

Political structureEdit

Bayan operates as an alliance of different sectoral organizations. It follows a democratic and central structure. Its own documentation[4] suggests that it is a centralized organization, including:[citation needed]

  • chapters as the smallest units
  • the general assembly as the highest policy-making body
  • the national council which meets twice a year or more often if needed
  • the national executive committee to implement the policies of the general assembly and national council
  • five specialized commissions
  • the general secretariat that runs day-to-day operations
  • a national office in Quezon City in Metro Manila.

As an umbrella group of the National-Democratic movement in the Philippines, BAYAN is associated with several organizations.

HistoryEdit

Bayan was founded by Leandro Alejandro and former senator Lorenzo Tañada on May 1, 1985, during the Marcos dictatorship.[3] It brought together more than a thousand grassroots and progressive organizations, representing over a million people, largely national democratic.[5]

It was a participant in the People Power Revolution against the Marcos dictatorship, contributing to one of the first of the non-violent, popular revolutions of the 1980s as well as involved in the creation of now-defunct Partido ng Bayan (People's Party) that participated during the 1987 elections. However, since 1998, Bayan Muna, the political party of the organization, has been the leading party-list member in the House of Representatives of the Philippines.[6]

On August 7, 2002, the secretary-general of Bayan, Teodoro A. Casiño, claimed that under the Gloria Macapagal Arroyo presidency, soldiers murdered at least 13 Bayan and Bayan Muna members.[7][8][9]

In a resolution past during the Bayan 7th Congress in August 2004, the coalition would expand to include overseas Filipino organizations as official members of Bayan. In January 2005, the first Bayan USA assembly was held in San Francisco. As the first overseas Bayan chapter, Bayan USA directly coordinated the implementation of Bayan campaigns to Bayan member organizations in the United States. These organizations include the NY Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines, League of Filipino Students in San Francisco State University, Anakbayan (New York/New Jersey, Los Angeles, San Diego, Honolulu, East Bay, Portland, and Seattle), the Critical Filipino/Filipina Studies Collective, Habi Ng Kalinangan, babaeSF (San Francisco), Pinay Sa Seattle, and Filipinas for Rights and Empowerment (FiRE).[citation needed]

After the 2007 elections, and the death of Anakpawis representative Crispin Beltran, Bayan now has five combined representatives in the 14th Congress of the Philippines, Satur Ocampo and Teodoro Casiño of Bayan Muna, Rafael V. Mariano of Anakpawis, and Liza Maza and Luzviminda Ilagan of GABRIELA.[10][failed verification]

In the 2010 elections Bayan has 7 congressmen in the lower house, including Raymond Palatino, Neri Colmenares, and Luzviminda Iligan.[citation needed]

During the 2013 Philippine Elections, all of the partylists except for Aking Bikolnon ran for sectoral representatives. Kalikasan and Courage were disqualified while Kabataan and Piston faced charges of disqualifications, but were subsequently lifted. Bayan Muna and GABRIELA won two seats each, seating Neri Colmenares and Carlos Zarate for Bayan Muna and Luzviminda Ilagan and Emmi de Jesus for Gabriela. Meanwhile, ACT, Anakpawis and Kabataan won 1 seat each, with Antonio Tinio, Fernando "Ka Pando" Hicap and Terry Ridon as their representatives, respectively.[citation needed]

Makabayan and Bayan also fielded former Bayan Muna representative Teodoro "Teddy" Casiño, who has served for 9 years as one of the congressmen of the said partylist. He placed 22nd out of 35, garnering about 3.5 million votes.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Salamat, Marya (November 15, 2017). "Amid ASEAN 2017, progressives hold int'l confab against neoliberalism, militarism". Bulatlat. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  2. ^ "Bayan.ph".
  3. ^ a b Teehankee, Julio. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines" (PDF). quezon.ph. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  4. ^ "BAYAN home page". Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  5. ^ Weekley, Kathleen (1996). "From Vanguard to Rearguard: The Theoretical Roots of the Crisis in the Communist Party of the Philippines". In Abinales, Patricio (ed.). The revolution falters: the left in Philippine politics after 1986. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Southeast Asia Program. p. 47. ISBN 0-87727-132-1. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  6. ^ Bayan History Archived September 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Codewan.com Archived July 13, 2003, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Manila Standard". Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  9. ^ "inq7.net". Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "inq7.net". Retrieved December 26, 2014.

External linksEdit