Badiucao (Chinese: 巴丢草; born c. 1986) is a Chinese political cartoonist, artist and rights activist based in Australia. He is regarded as one of China’s most prolific and well-known political cartoonists. He adopted his pen-name to protect his identity.
|‘’Watching Big Brother: Political Cartoons by Badiucao.’’; Covering China from Cyberspace 2014’’|
Early life and educationEdit
Badiucao was born in c. 1986 and raised in urban Shanghai. His paternal grandfather was a pioneer filmmaker, who was persecuted after the communists came to power, sent to laogai farms in Qinghai during the Anti-Rightist Campaign, and starved to death. A few years later, his father became an orphan when his grandmother died in poverty on Chinese New Year's Eve. His father grew up with the help of neighbours and strived for university education, but was denied admission because of family ties.
Badiucao had no formal training in art while in China. He studied law at the East China University of Political Science and Law. He and his dormmates accidentally watched the documentary The Gate of Heavenly Peace. Disillusioned with China, he moved to Australia to study in 2009. He worked as a kindergarten teacher for many years. His first political cartoon was about Wenzhou train collision in 2011. He admires three other Chinese political cartoonists—Hexie Farm, Rebel Pepper and Kuang Biao.
Style and approachEdit
Badiucao utilizes satire and pop culture references to convey his message. He often manipulates archetypal images from Communist Party propaganda to make subversive political statements. His work has been used or published by Amnesty International, Freedom House, BBC, CNN and China Digital Times; and has been exhibited around the world.
He asserts that the government authorities in China are very concerned that their suppression of human rights activism is attracting attention from international media.
In an early 2016 interview, he stated that “Cartoons and portraits can create a unified visual symbol, which can help spread the message and attract sustained attention, in order to create pressure from public opinion. Maybe this pressure can improve the situation for those who are imprisoned, as well as comfort the family members of the persecuted.”
Badiucao is extremely active and often responds quickly to prevailing news and events in relation to China, Taiwan and the Chinese diaspora.
Badiucao has supported other artists and dissidents. In 2013, Professor Ai Xiaoming from Sun Yat-sen University, posted a picture of herself partially naked, covered in writing conveying a strong political message. In response, Badiucao posted a cartoon in which she became a big pair of scissors, with gun barrels protruding from her nipples.
In early 2016, he created a series of artworks supporting Wu Wei, a former head tutor at the University of Sydney, who had resigned after an incident in which he referred to certain students from mainland China as 'pigs'. Wu Wei had used the character tun (豚), instead of the more commonly used character, zhu (猪). Online dissidents have co-opted tun as a slang reference to guan'erdai, the second-generation offspring of Chinese Communist Party officials.
In May 2016, the newly elected President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, was subject to an attack upon her marital status by Wang Weixing, a scholar with the Chinese People's Liberation Army. Badiucao highlighted the irony of the attack with a cartoon comparing Tsai’s marital status to that of Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
After Xi Jinping toured state media, Badiucao depicted General secretary Xi being greeted by a cast of monkeys and snakes. This alludes to the media’s role as a ‘mouthpiece of the Party’. The Mandarin term for mouthpiece (喉舌) equates to 'throat and tongue' and is a homophone for monkey snake (猴蛇).
In 2018, an art show about Baodiucao was planned to be held in Hong Kong. However, the show has been canceled due to "safety concerns" later due to threats made by the Chinese authorities regarding the artist. In 2019, a planned artist talk about activism with Hong Kong musician-activist Denise Ho at the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne was rejected by the gallery for “security reasons”. On the anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre, in June 2019, a documentary about Badiucao was shown on Australian television. 
- China Digital Times (15 January 2015). Covering China from Cyberspace in 2014. China Digital Times Inc. pp. 3–. ISBN 978-0-9898243-3-0.
- "Chinese cartoonist Badiucao unmasks after Beijing threats". news.yahoo.com. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
- "Badiucao e-book". 5 February 2016.
- "Chinese cartoonist Badiucao uses humour to fight the 'Great Firewall'". 22 February 2016.
- Qiang | 12月 5, Xiao; 2013. "【数字时代专访】十问巴丢草 | 中国数字时代" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-09-12.
- "首度露面 巴丟草：中國警察透過家人威脅 要求取消香港畫展 否則派人到場 | 立場報道 | 立場新聞". 立場新聞 Stand News. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
- "Watching Big Brother: Chinese Cartoonist Watches Back - Comic Book Legal Defense Fund".
- "February - 2016 - CARTOONISTS RIGHTS".
- "Watching Big Brother: A Q&A with Chinese Political Cartoonist Badiucao - The LARB Blog".
- Rauhala, Emily. "Twitter's new China head makes spectacularly awkward debut". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
- K. Jacobs (20 May 2015). The Afterglow of Women's Pornography in Post-Digital China. Palgrave Macmillan US. pp. 62–. ISBN 978-1-137-47914-3.
- "Badiucao: why I am supporting Wu Wei | SBS Your Language". Sbs.com.au. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
- Philip Wen, Eryk Bagshaw & Kate Aubusson (2016-04-18). "University of Sydney tutor Wu Wei resigns after calling students 'pigs'". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
- Philip Wen (2016-04-20). "University of Sydney 'racist' tutor Wei Wu row inspires dissident artwork". Illawarra Mercury. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
- Rauhala, Emily. "Chinese state media attacks Taiwan's president for being a single woman". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
- "Word of the Week: Straight Man Cancer". China Digital Times (CDT).
- Beach, Sophie. "Badiucao (巴丢草): The Monkey-Snake Party - China Digital Times (CDT)". China Digital Times. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- Griffiths, James (November 2, 2018). "Chinese dissident artist's Hong Kong show canceled over 'safety concerns'". CNN.
- "Badiucao: meet the Chinese artist illustrating the Hong Kong protests". www.theartnewspaper.com. Retrieved 2019-10-14.