Baddeck (//; Scottish Gaelic: Badaig; 2011 population: 769) is a village in Victoria County, Nova Scotia, Canada. This village is seventy-eight kilometres west of Sydney. It is Victoria County's shire town and is situated on the northern shore of Bras d'Or Lake on Cape Breton Island.
Scottish Gaelic: Badaig
The Kidston Island Lighthouse which also appears on the village seal.
|• Village Chair||Eddie Keeling|
|• Village Committee||Village of Baddeck Commission|
|• Land||2.08 km2 (0.80 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||67 m (220 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||369.1/km2 (956/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−3 (ADT)|
|Canadian Postal Code|
According to some historians the name Baddeck is derived from the Mi'kmaq term "Abadak" which has been translated as "place with an island near" (in reference to Kidston Island, immediately offshore).
Today, Baddeck functions as a service centre for the sparsely populated county and hosts a well-equipped volunteer fire department, a consolidated school serving grades Primary-12, as well as a public library, provincial government offices, a hospital, the Bras d'Or Yacht Club, a branch of the Royal Canadian Legion and a nursing home.
Baddeck became a tourist destination with the 1874 publication of Baddeck, And That Sort of Thing, a travel story written by Charles Dudley Warner. Tourism grew even more following the construction of the Cabot Trail in 1932, with Baddeck being situated at the start and end of the loop. While the village population is just over 700 people, local hotels feature over 600 rooms. Baddeck is home to the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site, which houses a museum commemorating the work of former resident Alexander Graham Bell as well as St Ann's Provincial Park. Baddeck features the world-class Bell Bay Golf Club, a lake-front resort, numerous hotels/motels, restaurants, small shops, and a small airport in the foothills above the town. The local branch of the Royal Canadian Legion is open to the public, serving as a watering hole and venue for local music—having showcased musicians like Gordie Sampson in the past.
Baddeck is one of several Cape Breton communities that plays host to the Celtic Colours festival each fall. The music festival features hundreds of Celtic musicians from Cape Breton and around the world. In the spring, the village hosts the Cabot Trail Relay Race, a 298 km (185-mile) relay race around the Cabot Trail. During the tourist season Baddeck hosts a weekly community market every Wednesday, featuring local produce, foods and crafts.
Baddeck has a history stretching back to early Mi'kmaq, French and British settlements. The village was incorporated in 1908. Baddeck was home to Alexander Graham Bell and was witness to the first flight in the commonwealth by Bell's Silver Dart in 1909.
- 1851 - Established as shire town of Victoria County
- 1908 - Village is incorporated
- 23 February 1909 - The first flight in the British Empire as the Silver Dart takes off from the frozen Baddeck Bay
- 9 September 1919 - The HD-4 sets a world marine speed record of 114 km/h (70.86 mph) on the Bras d'Or Lakes
Several buildings in Baddeck are recognized as historic properties. Among the most notable is Gilbert H. Grosvenor Hall, the town's former post office. The building was constructed between 1885 and 1886 and was designed by Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect of Canada and co-designer of Ottawa's first Parliament buildings. The Victoria County Court House, constructed in 1889, is designed in a classical revival style. Saint Peter's and Saint John's Anglican Church—constructed in 1883—is a notable as an example of the Cambridge Camden Society's neo-gothic style, and for being constructed by Reverend Simon Gibbons, Canada's first Inuit priest. St. Mark's Masonic Lodge was built in 1898, in a neo-classical style featuring Masonic symbols. Alexander Graham Bell's Beinn Bhreagh estate is located 3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of the village forming the southeastern shore of Baddeck Bay. The Kidston Island Lighthouse, built in 1912, can be accessed by passenger ferry in the summer months.
Alexander Graham BellEdit
Baddeck had a strong relationship with its most famous resident, Alexander Graham Bell. In 1885 the Bell family had a vacation in Baddeck. Returning in 1886, Bell started building an estate on a point across from Baddeck, overlooking Bras d'Or Lake. By 1889, a large house, christened The Lodge was completed and two years later, a larger complex of buildings, including a new laboratory, were begun that the Bells would name Beinn Bhreagh (Gaelic: beautiful mountain) after Bell's ancestral Scottish highlands. [N 1]Bell would spend his final, and some of his most productive, years in residence in both Washington, D.C., where he and his family initially resided for most of the year, and at Beinn Bhreagh.
Until the end of his life, Bell and his family would alternate between the two homes, but Beinn Bhreagh would, over the next 30 years, become more than a summer home as Bell became so absorbed in his experiments that his annual stays lengthened. Both Mabel and Alec became immersed in the Baddeck community and were accepted by the villagers as "their own".
On 23 February 1909, Bell's AEA Silver Dart was the first airplane to take flight in the British Empire, taking off from the frozen Baddeck Bay piloted by John Alexander Douglas McCurdy. This flight was recreated with replicas of the Silver Dart for both the 50th and 100th anniversaries of the flight.
Bell's estate also included the Bell Boatyard which made both experimental and traditional boats. Notable examples included the pioneering hydrofoil HD-4 and the yacht Elsie. The boatyard employed up to 40 people at its peak and was notable in employing many women in World War One when it made lifeboats for the Royal Canadian Navy.
Bell died at his Beinn Bhreagh estate on 2 August 1922. Bell's coffin was constructed of pine from the estate by his laboratory staff and lined with the same red silk fabric used in his tetrahedral kite experiments; he was buried atop the mountain at Beinn Bhreagh.
Today, Bell's work is commemorated with the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site in Baddeck, which houses a museum showcasing his work.
- Frederick Walker Baldwin - First Canadian to pilot an airplane
- Alexander Graham Bell - Famed scientist and inventor
- H. Percy Blanchard - Science fiction author and lawyer
- Charles James Campbell - Politician
- Rachel Davis - Fiddler
- Reverend Simon Gibbons - Canada's first Inuit priest
- Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor - Editor of National Geographic (Summer resident)
- Mabel H. Grosvenor - Doctor, granddaughter of Alexander Graham Bell
- Mabel Gardiner Hubbard - Wife of Alexander Graham Bell, founder of The Young Ladies Of Baddeck Club
- George Kennan - Explorer and writer (summer resident)
- William Kidston - Politician
- Moses E. Kiley - Archbishop of Milwaukee
- Carleton L. MacMillan - Politician
- Arthur Williams McCurdy - Businessman, inventor and astronomer
- David McCurdy - Politician
- John Alexander Douglas McCurdy - First person in the British Empire in flight
- William F. McCurdy - Politician
- John Archibald McDonald - Politician
- James Charles McKeagney - Anti-Confederation Party politician
- Walter Mackenzie  - Surgeon and academic
- Aulay MacAulay Morrison - Lawyer, judge and politician
- Kendall Myers - Seasonal resident convicted in the U.S. of spying for Cuba
- Michael A. Newton - Award-winning statistician
- George W. Rice - Photographer and arctic explorer
- Barclay Edmund Tremaine - Politician
- Jessica Wong - Hockey player
Baddeck experiences a humid continental climate (Dfb). The highest temperature ever recorded in Baddeck was 36.7 °C (98 °F) on 22 August 1935. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −32.2 °C (−26 °F) on 11 February 1883.
|Climate data for Baddeck (Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1875–present|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−1.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−5.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−9.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−29.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||155.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||73.3
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||81.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||19.5||14.7||14.3||14.8||13.8||13.0||12.8||13.2||14.3||16.8||20.1||20.1||187.3|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||7.5||6.0||8.5||12.6||13.8||13.0||12.8||13.2||14.3||16.4||16.4||9.8||144.3|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||14.6||10.6||7.2||3.5||0.26||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.47||4.8||12.4||53.9|
|Source: Environment Canada|
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- The Canadian Press (2017), The Canadian Press Stylebook (18th ed.), Toronto: The Canadian Press
- "Nova Scotia Geographical Names Database entry for "Baddeck" (includes map)". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 8 October 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Place-names of the province of Nova Scotia (1922), by Thomas J Brown". Royal Print & Litho., Halifax, N.S. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Visit Baddeck". Visit Baddeck. Baddeck Area Business Tourism Association. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "About Gordie Sampson". Sonicbids. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Cabot Trail Relay Race". Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- Bethune, Jocelyn. Historic Baddeck: Images of our past, Nimbus Publishing, Halifax, N.S., 2009, ISBN 1-55109-706-0, ISBN 978-1-55109-706-0.
- Tulloch, Judith (2006). The Bell Family in Baddeck: Alexander Graham Bell and Mabel Bell in Cape Breton. Halifax: Formac Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88780-713-8.
- Rick McGraw, "Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) the Boat Builder", Classic Boat Spring 2012, Issue 113, p. 24
- Nixon, Laurance A. (1940). See Canada Next. Little, Brown and Company. p. 17.
- "Biography – HUBBARD, MABEL GARDINER (Bell) – Volume XV (1921-1930) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Biographi.ca. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Deans, Dreams and a Presidents - The Deans of Medicine at the University of Alberta 1913-2009" (PDF). p. 90. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- [permanent dead link]
- "Baddeck, Nova Scotia". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Baddeck Bell". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Daily Data Report for September 2001". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Under the direction of the Boston architects, Cabot, Everett & Mead, a Nova Scotia company, Rhodes, Curry and Company, carried out the actual construction.