Badarayana (IAST Bādarāyaṇa; Devanāgari बादरायण) was an Indian philosopher, who is estimated to have lived around 500 BCE - 200 BCE.[1]

His work Brahma Sutras is variously dated from 500 BCE to 450 CE.[2] The Brahma Sutras of Bādarāyana, also called the Vedanta Sutra,[3] were compiled in its present form around 400–450 CE,[4] but "the great part of the Sutra must have been in existence much earlier than that".[4] Estimates of the date of Bādarāyana's lifetime differ between 200 BCE and 200 CE.[5]

Badarayana is regarded as having written the basic text of the Vedanta system, the Vedāntasūtra a.k.a. Brahmasūtra.[6] He is thus considered the founder of the Vedānta[7] system of philosophy.


  1. ^ Ravi Ravindra (2014). The Pilgrim Soul: A Path to the Sacred Transcending World Religions. p. 48. ISBN 9780835631808.
  2. ^ George C. Adams (1993). The Structure and Meaning of Bādarāyaṇa's Brahma Sūtras: A Translation and Analysis of Adhyaya 1. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 8. ISBN 978-81-208-0931-4.
  3. ^ Balasubramanian 2000, p. xxxii.
  4. ^ a b Nakamura 1950a, p. 436.
  5. ^ Pandey 2000, p. 4.
  6. ^ Thibaut, George (1890). The Vedanta Sutras. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. pp. passim.
  7. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved 14 January 2016.


  • Balasubramanian, R. (2000). "Introduction". In Chattopadhyana (ed.). History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization. Volume II Part 2: Advaita Vedanta. Delhi: Centre for Studies in Civilizations.
  • Nakamura, Hajime (1950a), A History of Early Vedanta Philosophy. Part One (1990 Reprint), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited
  • Pandey, S.L. (2000), Pre-Sankara Advaita. In: Chattopadhyana (gen.ed.), "History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization. Volume II Part 2: Advaita Vedanta", Delhi: Centre for Studies in Civilizations