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Bad Wilsnack is a small town in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany. The former pilgrimage site of the Holy Blood of Wilsnack has been officially recognised as a spa town (Bad) since 1929. It is the administrative seat of the Amt ("municipal federation") Bad Wilsnack/Weisen.

Bad Wilsnack
Town hall and church
Town hall and church
Coat of arms of Bad Wilsnack
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Wilsnack
Bad Wilsnack is located in Germany
Bad Wilsnack
Bad Wilsnack
Bad Wilsnack is located in Brandenburg
Bad Wilsnack
Bad Wilsnack
Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 11°56′59″E / 52.95000°N 11.94972°E / 52.95000; 11.94972Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 11°56′59″E / 52.95000°N 11.94972°E / 52.95000; 11.94972
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictPrignitz
Municipal assoc.Bad Wilsnack/Weisen
Government
 • MayorDietrich Gappa (CDU)
Area
 • Total79.21 km2 (30.58 sq mi)
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,576
 • Density33/km2 (84/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
19336
Dialling codes038791
Vehicle registrationPR
Websitewww.bad-wilsnack.de

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
St Nicholas Church

The town is situated within the Prignitz historical region in the northwest of Brandenburg, roughly halfway between Berlin and Hamburg. It is located on the Karthane river, which flows into the Elbe at nearby Wittenberge. A few kilometers to the south is the confluence of the Havel and Elbe rivers. The neighbouring municipality of Rühstädt is famous for its high number of resident white storks.

Bad Wilsnack station is a stop on the Berlin–Hamburg Railway. The townscape is marked by the large St Nicholas Church of the Holy Blood and several timber framed houses.

HistoryEdit

Wilsnack in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in 1384. The town became a pilgrimage destination after being burned down on 15 August 1383 during a raid by the Mecklenburg captain and robber baron Heinrich von Bülow against the Bishopric of Havelberg. It was believed that aft the fire some hosts were found to have survived, but had the appearance of being bloodied. The Holy Blood of Wilsnack was authenticated when the Havelberg bishop Dietrich Man went to consecrate the hosts as a precaution, and the central one overflowed with blood, according to later accounts. Reformers like Jan Hus and Nicholas of Cusa later discouraged pilgrimage to Wilsnack, questioning the nature of these wonder hosts and suspecting fraud.

The pilgrimage led from St. Mary's Church in Berlin to Wilsnack. Numerous pilgrims, among them Elector Frederick II of Brandenburg went to the rebuilt town to see the miraculous hosts; their revenues enabled the citizens to construct the large St Nicholas Church for their worship, a larger building than otherwise needed in the parish. The pilgrims who went to Wilsnack bought pewter trinkets to indicate that they had reached the site. These emblems were often in the form of three hosts connected together. Seen in numerous medieval paintings, the tokens have turned up in archaeological digs from the area. The numbers of pilgrims were said to rival those to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. Despite controversy, the pilgrimages continued until 1552, when the hosts were destroyed during the Protestant Reformation.

The story of the bleeding hosts was depicted in a series of woodcuts made during the Middle Ages. The town used the image on emergency money which it printed and issued during the hyperinflation crisis of the 1920s (Notgeld).

DemographyEdit

 
Development of Population since 1875 within the Current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population Development of Brandenburg state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi rule; Red Background: Time of Communist rule)
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,496—    
1890 3,445−0.10%
1910 3,375−0.10%
1925 3,659+0.54%
1933 3,518−0.49%
1939 3,469−0.23%
1946 5,661+7.25%
1950 4,955−3.28%
1964 4,055−1.42%
1971 3,950−0.37%
1981 3,494−1.22%
1985 3,421−0.53%
1989 3,243−1.33%
1990 3,136−3.30%
1991 3,082−1.72%
1992 3,025−1.85%
1993 2,948−2.55%
1994 2,900−1.63%
1995 2,871−1.00%
1996 2,855−0.56%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 2,926+2.49%
1998 3,055+4.41%
1999 3,130+2.45%
2000 3,085−1.44%
2001 3,039−1.49%
2002 2,982−1.88%
2003 2,962−0.67%
2004 2,923−1.32%
2005 2,837−2.94%
2006 2,803−1.20%
2007 2,740−2.25%
2008 2,702−1.39%
2009 2,671−1.15%
2010 2,635−1.35%
2011 2,637+0.08%
2012 2,612−0.95%
2013 2,611−0.04%
2014 2,590−0.80%
2015 2,558−1.24%
2016 2,577+0.74%

Local councilEdit

Elections were held in 2014:

  • 6 seats: FDP
  • 5 seats: CDU
  • 2 seats: SPD
  • 1 seat: Unabhängige Wählergemeinschaft Grube

[3]


Sons and daughters of the townEdit

  • Wilhelm Harnisch (1787-1864), theologian and educator
  • Otto Reincke (1830-1906), jurist, (Reichsgerichtsrat)
  • Christoph Lütgert (born 1945), journalist and author

Individuals connected to the cityEdit

  • Karl Saur (c.1901 -1978), engineer and former mayor of Bad Wilsnack
  • Hugo Spieler (1854-1922), sculptor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ Ergebnis der Kommunalwahl am 25. Mai 2014

External linksEdit

  Media related to Bad Wilsnack at Wikimedia Commons