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Bad Muskau (German pronunciation: [ˌbaːt ˈmʊskaʊ]; formerly Muskau, Upper Sorbian: Mužakow, Polish: Mużaków) is a spa town in the historic Upper Lusatia region in Germany at the border with Poland. It is part of the Görlitz district in the State of Saxony.

Bad Muskau
Muskau Castle
Muskau Castle
Coat of arms of Bad Muskau
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Muskau within Görlitz district
Bad Muskau in GR.svg
Bad Muskau is located in Germany
Bad Muskau
Bad Muskau
Bad Muskau is located in Saxony
Bad Muskau
Bad Muskau
Coordinates: 51°33′0″N 14°43′0″E / 51.55000°N 14.71667°E / 51.55000; 14.71667Coordinates: 51°33′0″N 14°43′0″E / 51.55000°N 14.71667°E / 51.55000; 14.71667
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictGörlitz
Municipal assoc.Bad Muskau
Subdivisions3
Government
 • MayorAndreas Bänder (CDU)
Area
 • Total15.35 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total3,716
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
02953
Dialling codes035771
Vehicle registrationGR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI
Websitewww.badmuskau.de

It is located on the Lusatian Neisse, which since 1945 has formed the German-Polish border, directly opposite the town of Łęknica (formerly Lugknitz). The municipality contains the western half of the Muskau Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

HistoryEdit

Muskau was founded in the 13th century and was first mentioned in 1249. The state country (Standesherrschaft) of Muskau was the largest of the Holy Roman Empire. It belonged to the Margraviate of Upper Lusatia, a Bohemian crown land which by the 1635 Peace of Prague passed to the Saxon Electorate, elevated to the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806. Part of Upper Lusatia was annexed by Prussia following the 1815 Congress of Vienna and was administered as part of the Province of Silesia.

Up to the beginning of the 19th century Muskau's direct rulers were the Counts of Callenberg, succeeded up to 1845 by Count (later Prince) Hermann von Pückler-Muskau, later on by Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Karl von Oranien-Nassau, and after him by the Counts von Arnim, right up to their flight in April 1945. After World War II it was divided along the Neisse River between East Germany and the Republic of Poland. About two thirds of the park came under Polish administration.

In 1962 Muskau was renamed "Bad Muskau" after a therapeutic bath (spa) was built there.

GovernanceEdit

Town twinningEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
Gustav Fechner around 1883
  • Hermann von Pückler-Muskau (1785–1871), famous landscape gardener and writer, founder of the Park von Muskau
  • Gustav Fechner (1801–1887), experimental psychologist
  • Eduard Petzold (1815–1891), landscape gardener
  • Alwin Schultz (1838-1909), art and cultural historian
  • Paul Kraske (1851–1930), surgeon
  • Bruno von Mudra (1851-1931), General of Infantry and freeman of Muskau
  • Werner Richter (1888-1969), writer
  • Erna Pfitzinger (1898–1988), potter
  • Karl Peglau (1927-2009), traffic psychologist, inventor of the East German Ampelmännchen for traffic lights
  • Olaf Zinke (1966), skater, Olympic gold medalist

In addition, a number of professional hockey players were born in Bad Muskau:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.

External linksEdit