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Bad Langensalza (until 1956: Langensalza) is a spa town of 17,500 inhabitants in the district of Unstrut-Hainich, Thuringia, Germany. The former municipality Klettstedt was merged into Artern in January 2019.

Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Langensalza within Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis district
Bad Langensalza in UH.png
Bad Langensalza is located in Germany
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza is located in Thuringia
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667
 • MayorMatthias Reinz (Ind.)
 • Total129.37 km2 (49.95 sq mi)
202 m (663 ft)
 • Total17,523
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes03603
Vehicle registrationUH



Langensalza in 1750.

It was first mentioned in historical records ca. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The town's name was changed to Langensalza ca. 1578, and "Bad" or "Bath" was added to the name in 1956.

In 1075, Langensalza was the site of a battle, in which Emperor Henry IV won over the rebelling Saxons and Thuringians.

The town was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the town in 1711, including complete destruction of the town hall, which was rebuilt between 1742-1752.

War again affected the town during 1756-1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.[2]

American troops occupied the town in 1945.

Local councilEdit

The elections in May 2014 showed the following results:[3]

Party / List Vote share Seats
CDU 29,4 % 7
The Left 20,2 % 5
SPD 14,7 % 3
FDP 20,4 % 5
WIR (=We) 15,3 % 4

Main sightsEdit

Langensalza is something of a tourist spot, with picturesque ruins of a medieval castle, and sulphur baths nearby.[4]

The sulphur baths were discovered in 1811, and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities.

Bad Langensalza contains a botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten in Bad Langensalza which opened in 2002, and also borders National Park Hanich, founded in 1999.

International relationsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2018.
  2. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174.
  3. ^ Bekanntmachung des Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik, abgerufen am 24. März 2016
  4. ^

External linksEdit