Bachelor of Pharmacy

A Bachelor of Pharmacy (abbreviated B Pharm or PharmB or BS Pharm) is an graduate academic degree in the field of pharmacy. In many countries, this degree is a prerequisite for registration to practice as a pharmacist. Since both PharmB and PharmD are prerequisites to license in most western countries they’re considered equivalent. In many western countries, the foreign graduates with BPharm, PharmB or BS Pharm practice similarly as PharmD graduates. It is analogous to MBBS vs. MD where MBBS is foreign equivalent of MD. It is training to understand the properties and impacts of medicines and developing the skills required to counsel patients about their use.

B Pharm holders can work in several fields such as being a pharmacist, patient counseling, doing further studies such as master's degree, working in a university as a lecturer, or working as a drug information specialist.

In some countries, it has been superseded by the Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) and Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) degrees. In the United States, this degree was granted as the baccalaureate pharmacy degree only at Washington State University, where it has now been superseded by the PharmD degree. The degree previously offered in the US—and the required degree in Canada—is the Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy. In countries including Canada, UK, Australia and New Zealand, BPharm/BS Pharm/PharmB are prerequisite for practicing as a Pharmacist. These degrees are awarded per the British tradition and considered as foreign equivalents of PharmD.

Asia and OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

In Australia, the BPharm degree is awarded following a four-year undergraduate pharmacy program. Australian undergraduate pharmacy courses were previously three years but were increased to four years during the 1990s with an increased emphasis on pharmacy practice education. During the early 2000s, two-year postgraduate Master of Pharmacy courses were established by many universities, but to date these have accounted for a relatively minor proportion of pharmacy graduates.

All BPharm programs in Australia are accredited by the New Zealand and Australian Pharmacy Schools Accreditation Committee (NAPSAC). Programs provide training in fields including pharmacology, chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy practice (including pharmacotherapeutics, disease state management, etc.), pharmaceutics, ethics, pharmacy law, pharmacy management, physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, kinetics, and compounding medications.

At present, either the BPharm degree or the MPharm degree are acceptable for registration as a practicing pharmacist. See list of pharmacy schools: Australia for institutions offering the BPharm degree.

Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours)Edit

As with most honours degrees at Australian universities, the awarding of a Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours) (abbreviated BPharm(Hons)) is based on the completion of original research and a high-level of academic performance. All other graduates are awarded a pass degree. Unlike most Honours degrees in Australia, an additional year of study is not required for a BPharm(Hons) as most universities integrate research and coursework in the fourth year of BPharm(Hons) programs.

Bachelor of Pharmacy (Rural)Edit

In 2003, The University of Sydney began offering a four-year Bachelor of Pharmacy (Rural) (abbreviated BPharm (Rural)) program at its Orange campus. It was designed to address the continuing shortage of pharmacists in rural areas and placed greater emphasis on rural aspects of pharmacy practice. Since most of the units-of-study were common to both the BPharm and BPharm (Rural), many of the lectures were delivered by academics at the main campus in Sydney with a live video broadcast to students at Orange.

The program was not offered in 2005, following the transfer of Orange campus to Charles Sturt University. Following a review, a new BPharm (Rural) program was offered from 2006 onwards at the university's main campus (Camperdown/Darlington campus).

UniversitiesEdit

Australian universities offering Bachelor or Master of Pharmacy programs (circa June 2010):

Hong KongEdit

In Hong Kong, Bachelor of Pharmacy is offered by the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) under the Faculty of Medicine. The CUHK Bachelor of Pharmacy programme started in 1992 and had been the only pharmacy degree programme available in Hong Kong until 2009. It aims to train graduates to function independently as professional health care providers who, as part of the health care team, can provide first class pharmaceutical and health-related care for the health of Hong Kong citizens.

The Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) degree is awarded on satisfactory completion of at least three/four years of full-time study. To be considered for registration by the Pharmacy and Poisons Board Hong Kong as practising pharmacist in Hong Kong, the student must complete a further year of pre-registration training as required by the Pharmacy and Poisons Board.

Starting from 2009, the University of Hong Kong (HKU) has also implemented the Bachelor of Pharmacy programme under the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine.

CUHK offers 55 places while HKU offers 25 places in 2013.

IndiaEdit

The Bachelor of Pharmacy degree is popularly known as B-Pharm in India. It is a four-year program with both annual and semester schemes available. To be eligible, one must pass with at least 50% marks in 10 + 2 (or an equivalent examination) with physics, chemistry, biology or biotechnology as one of the subjects. In some states, it is mandatory to give an additional pharmacy entrance examination to be eligible for the course, the entrance tests can be the state common entrance test or, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate)(NEET). D.Pharm (Diploma of Pharmacy) holders are eligible for admission into B.Pharm second year directly via a lateral entry in India. B.Pharm holders can directly join into the 4th year of Pharm.D (PG) course.

Colleges imparting pharmaceutical education (D.Pharm, B.Pharm, M.Pharm, Pharm D) must be approved by All Indian Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and the Pharmacy Council Of India (PCI).

For a student to be eligible for registration as a Pharmacist/ Clinical pharmacist in India, the college from which he or she graduated must be approved by the PCI. B.Pharm is often superseded by M.Pharm, Pharm D (PB) and PhD-level courses although the minimum qualification required for registration as a pharmacist is D.Pharm.

BangladeshEdit

The Bachelor of Pharmacy degree is popularly known as B.Pharm (Honors) in Bangladesh. It is a four-year program with both annual and semester schemes available. In order to be eligible, one must pass with at least 50% marks in 10 + 2 (or an equivalent examination) with b

Colleges imparting pharmaceutical education (D.Pharm, B.Pharm, M.Pharm and Pharm D) must be approved by the Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh (PCB) [1].

For a student to be eligible for registration as a pharmacist in Bangladesh, the university from which he/she graduated must be approved by the PCB and have to follow the rules and regulations of PCB.

Prominent universities imparting B.Pharm in Bangladesh approved by PCB are

  1. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka [2]
  2. Department of Pharmacy, BRAC University [3]
  3. Department of Pharmacy, Pabna University of Science & Technology [4]
  4. Department of Pharmacy, ASA University Bangladesh
  5. Department of Pharmacy, Gono Bishwabidyalay, [5]
  6. Department of Pharmacy, State University of Bangladesh [6]
  7. Department of Pharmacy, BGC Trust University Bangladesh [7]
  8. Department of Pharmacy, University Of Development Alternative (UODA) [8]
  9. Department of Pharmacy, Northern University Bangladesh.

[2] and so on.

PakistanEdit

PharmD is the only basic pharmacy degree (5 years program) awarded by universities in Pakistan. The program is approved by the Pharmacy Council of Pakistan. Old 4 years BPharmacy (Bachelor of Pharmacy) degree holders who are registered as Pharmacists with the Pharmacy Councils of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa can study at any university for a one-year evening and/or weekend condensed course leading to (post-B.Pharmacy) Doctor of Pharmacy which is approved by the Pharmacy Council of Pakistan.

EuropeEdit

NorwayEdit

In Norway, the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree is awarded by Oslo Metropolitan University, The University of Tromsø and Nord University. The degree makes one eligible to work as a pharmacist in Norway. Norway also offers the Master of Pharmacy degree, which often offers higher payment and more job opportunities than the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree.

IrelandEdit

MPharm (Hons) degrees in the Republic of Ireland are offered by:

However, in Northern Ireland (which is part of the United Kingdom) MPharm degrees (as opposed to BSc or BPharm degrees) are offered at Queen's University Belfast as in the rest of the UK.

FinlandEdit

In Finland, pharmacy is taught in University of Helsinki and University of Eastern Finland. Bachelor of Pharmacy is called farmaseutti (dispenser) and Master of Pharmacy is called proviisori. Proviisori degree (MPharm) is required in order to be a pharmacist.

United KingdomEdit

In the United Kingdom, the BPharm degree was awarded following a three-year undergraduate pharmacy program. It was superseded in 1997 by the Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) degree, awarded following a four-year program, as a result of European Union harmonisation.

North AmericaEdit

CanadaEdit

The following Canadian universities offer the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree program:

The following Canadian universities formerly offered the bachelor's degree program and replaced it with the undergraduate Doctor of Pharmacy:

Memorial University of Newfoundland has discontinued admission to their Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy program and is currently transitioning to the Doctor of Pharmacy program. Its last cohort of B.Sc. (Pharmacy) students will graduate in 2020.[3]

South AmericaEdit

GuyanaEdit

The following universities in Guyana offer the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree program:

AfricaEdit

South AfricaEdit

South African universities that have BPharm programs:[4]

LesothoEdit

The following universities have BPharm programs in Lesotho:

National University of Lesotho - Department of Pharmacy

KenyaEdit

The following Kenyan universities offer BPharm programs:[5]

UgandaEdit

The following Ugandan universities offer BPharm programs:

See alsoEdit

https://healthtimes.com.au/hub/pharmacology/71/guidance/nc1/how-to-become-a-pharmacist-in-australia/1451/

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.latrobe.edu.au/coursefinder/local/2010/Bachelor-of-Pharmacy.5092.html
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2015-10-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "School of Pharmacy". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  4. ^ South African Pharmacy Council[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Registered Kenyan institutions". Retrieved 28 Jun 2016.
  6. ^ "Mbarara University of Science and Technology | Succeed We Must". www.must.ac.ug. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2017-03-25.

External linksEdit