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The Indian Wells Masters, also known as BNP Paribas Open and the WTA Indian Wells Open, is an annual tennis tournament held in early- and mid-March at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California, United States. The current owner is Larry Ellison, CTO and co-founder of Oracle. The current tournament director is former world No. 2 player Tommy Haas.

Indian Wells Masters
Bnpparibasopen.jpg
Tournament information
Founded1974; 45 years ago (1974)
LocationIndian Wells, California
United States
VenueIndian Wells Tennis Garden
SurfaceHard (Plexipave) - outdoors
Websitebnpparibasopen.com
Current champions (2019)
Men's singlesAustria Dominic Thiem
Women's singlesCanada Bianca Andreescu
Men's doublesCroatia Nikola Mektić
Argentina Horacio Zeballos
Women's doublesBelgium Elise Mertens
Belarus Aryna Sabalenka
ATP World Tour
CategoryMasters 1000
Draw96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize moneyUS$9,035,428 (2019)
WTA Tour
CategoryPremier Mandatory
Draw96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize moneyUS$9,035,428 (2019)

The tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and is a Premier Mandatory event on the women's tour. Between 1974 and 1986 it was a secondary tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour but in 1987 it was upgraded to be part of the Grand Prix Super Series, the series of nine tournaments just below the four majors and the year-end finals in importance. It took the place of the Philadelphia Indoor event as the first Super Series event of the year. The event is one of two tour events (along with the Miami Open), other than the Majors, in which main draw play extends beyond eight days. The women's main draw usually starts on Wednesday and the men's main draw starts on Thursday. Both finals are held on Sunday of the following week. Both singles main draws include 96 players in a 128-player grid, with the 32 seeded players getting a bye (a free pass) to the second round.

The tournament is played on hardcourt and is the best-attended tennis tournament outside the four Grand Slam tournaments. It has the second-largest permanent tennis stadium in the world (the Arthur Ashe Stadium being the largest).

Contents

LocationEdit

Indian Wells lies in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), about 125 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.[1]

The tournament is played in the Indian Wells Tennis Garden (built in 2000) which has 29 tennis courts, including the 16,100-seat main stadium, which is the second largest tennis-specific stadium in the world.[2] After the 2013 BNP Paribas Open the Indian Wells Tennis Garden started an expansion and upgrade of its facilities that includes a new 8,000 seat Stadium 2.[3]

 
Indian Wells Tennis Garden

HistoryEdit

The tournament was founded by former tennis pros Charlie Pasarell and Raymond Moore.

Originally the women's tournament was held a week before the men's event. In 1996, the championship became one of the few fully combined events on both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Women's Tennis Association tours.

The BNP Paribas Open has become one of the largest events on both men's and women's tour. In 2004 it expanded to a multi-week 96 person field, and since then, it along with the following Miami Open, have been colloquially termed the Sunshine Double. Dubbed the "Grand Slam of the West",[4][5] it is the most-attended tennis tournament in the world other than the four Majors, with over 450,000 visitors during the 2015 event.[6]

In 2009, the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden were sold to Larry Ellison.[7][8]

Williams sisters controversyEdit

Venus and Serena Williams, two very successful American players, refused to play the Indian Wells tournament from 2001 to 2014 despite threats of financial sanctions and ranking point penalties. The two were scheduled to play in the 2001 semifinal but Venus withdrew due to an injury. Amid speculation of match fixing, the crowd for the final loudly booed Serena when she came out to play the final and continued to boo her intermittently through the entire match, even to the point of cheering unforced errors and double faults.[9] Williams won the tournament and was subsequently booed during the awards ceremony. The following month at the Ericsson Open, Richard Williams, Serena and Venus's father, claimed racial slurs were directed at him while in the stands.[10] Neither Venus nor Serena played the tournament until 2015, when Serena Williams played in the tournament, ending her 14-year boycott of the event.[11][12] Venus Williams ended her boycott by competing in 2016.[13]

Past finalsEdit

Men's singlesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1974   John Newcombe   Arthur Ashe 6–3, 7–6
1975   John Alexander   Ilie Năstase 7–5, 6–2
1976   Jimmy Connors   Roscoe Tanner 6–4, 6–4
1977   Brian Gottfried   Guillermo Vilas 2–6, 6–1, 6–3
1978   Roscoe Tanner   Raúl Ramírez 6–1, 7–6
1979   Roscoe Tanner (2)   Brian Gottfried 6–4, 6–2
1980
Final not held due to rain (tournament cancelled at the semifinal stage)
1981   Jimmy Connors (2)   Ivan Lendl 6–3, 7–6
1982   Yannick Noah   Ivan Lendl 6–4, 2–6, 7–5
1983   José Higueras   Eliot Teltscher 6–4, 6–2
1984   Jimmy Connors (3)   Yannick Noah 6–2, 6–7(7–9), 6–3
1985   Larry Stefanki   David Pate 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1986   Joakim Nyström   Yannick Noah 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
1987   Boris Becker   Stefan Edberg 6–4, 6–4, 7–5
1988   Boris Becker (2)   Emilio Sánchez 7–5, 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1989   Miloslav Mečíř   Yannick Noah 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1990   Stefan Edberg   Andre Agassi 6–4, 5–7, 7–6(7–1), 7–6(8–6)
1991   Jim Courier   Guy Forget 4–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1992   Michael Chang   Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
1993   Jim Courier (2)   Wayne Ferreira 6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1994   Pete Sampras   Petr Korda 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1995   Pete Sampras (2)   Andre Agassi 7–5, 6–3, 7–5
1996   Michael Chang (2)   Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
1997   Michael Chang (3)   Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
1998   Marcelo Ríos   Greg Rusedski 6–3, 6–7(15–17), 7–6(7–4), 6–4
1999   Mark Philippoussis   Carlos Moyà 5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2000   Àlex Corretja   Thomas Enqvist 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
2001   Andre Agassi   Pete Sampras 7–6(7–5), 7–5, 6–1
2002   Lleyton Hewitt   Tim Henman 6–1, 6–2
2003   Lleyton Hewitt (2)   Gustavo Kuerten 6–1, 6–1
2004   Roger Federer   Tim Henman 6–3, 6–3
2005   Roger Federer (2)   Lleyton Hewitt 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
2006   Roger Federer (3)   James Blake 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
2007   Rafael Nadal   Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
2008   Novak Djokovic   Mardy Fish 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
2009   Rafael Nadal (2)   Andy Murray 6–1, 6–2
2010   Ivan Ljubičić   Andy Roddick 7–6(7–3), 7–6(7–5)
2011   Novak Djokovic (2)   Rafael Nadal 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2012   Roger Federer (4)   John Isner 7–6(9–7), 6–3
2013   Rafael Nadal (3)   Juan Martín del Potro 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2014   Novak Djokovic (3)   Roger Federer 3–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2015   Novak Djokovic (4)   Roger Federer 6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–2
2016   Novak Djokovic (5)   Milos Raonic 6–2, 6–0
2017   Roger Federer (5)   Stan Wawrinka 6–4, 7–5
2018   Juan Martín del Potro   Roger Federer 6–4, 6–7(8–10), 7–6(7–2)
2019   Dominic Thiem   Roger Federer 3–6, 6–3, 7–5

Women's SinglesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
1989   Manuela Maleeva   Jenny Byrne 6–4, 6–1
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990   Martina Navratilova   Helena Suková 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
1991   Martina Navratilova (2)   Monica Seles 6–2, 7–6(8–6)
1992   Monica Seles   Conchita Martínez 6–3, 6–1
1993   Mary Joe Fernández   Amanda Coetzer 3–6, 6–1, 7–6(8–6)
1994   Steffi Graf   Amanda Coetzer 6–0, 6–4
1995   Mary Joe Fernández (2)   Natasha Zvereva 6–4, 6–3
1996   Steffi Graf (2)   Conchita Martínez 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–5)
↓  Tier I tournament   ↓
1997   Lindsay Davenport   Irina Spîrlea 6–2, 6–1
1998   Martina Hingis   Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–4
1999   Serena Williams   Steffi Graf 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
2000   Lindsay Davenport (2)   Martina Hingis 4–6, 6–4, 6–0
2001   Serena Williams (2)   Kim Clijsters 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2002   Daniela Hantuchová   Martina Hingis 6–3, 6–4
2003   Kim Clijsters   Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 7–5
2004   Justine Henin   Lindsay Davenport 6–1, 6–4
2005   Kim Clijsters (2)   Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2006   Maria Sharapova   Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
2007   Daniela Hantuchová (2)   Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–3, 6–4
2008   Ana Ivanovic   Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–4, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament   ↓
2009   Vera Zvonareva   Ana Ivanovic 7–6(7–5), 6–2
2010   Jelena Janković   Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–4
2011   Caroline Wozniacki   Marion Bartoli 6–1, 2–6, 6–3
2012   Victoria Azarenka   Maria Sharapova 6–2, 6–3
2013   Maria Sharapova (2)   Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–2
2014   Flavia Pennetta   Agnieszka Radwanska 6–2, 6–1
2015   Simona Halep   Jelena Janković 2–6, 7–5, 6–4
2016   Victoria Azarenka (2)   Serena Williams 6–4, 6–4
2017   Elena Vesnina   Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–7(6–8), 7–5, 6–4
2018   Naomi Osaka   Daria Kasatkina 6–3, 6–2
2019   Bianca Andreescu   Angelique Kerber 6–4, 3–6, 6–4

Men's DoublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1974   Charlie Pasarell
  Sherwood Stewart
  Tom Edlefsen
  Manuel Orantes
6–4, 6–4
1975   William Brown
  Raúl Ramírez
  Raymond Moore
  Dennis Ralston
2–6, 7–6, 6–4
1976   Colin Dibley
  Sandy Mayer
  Raymond Moore
  Erik van Dillen
6–3, 7–5
1977   Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
  Marty Riessen
  Roscoe Tanner
7–6, 7–6
1978   Raymond Moore
  Roscoe Tanner
  Bob Hewitt
  Frew McMillan
6–4, 6–4
1979   Gene Mayer
  Sandy Mayer (2)
  Cliff Drysdale
  Bruce Manson
6–4, 7–6
1980
Final not held due to rain (tournament cancelled at semifinal stage)
1981   Bruce Manson
  Brian Teacher
  Terry Moor
  Eliot Teltscher
7–6, 6–2
1982   Brian Gottfried
  Raúl Ramírez (2)
  John Lloyd
  Dick Stockton
6–4, 3–6, 6–2
1983   Brian Gottfried (2)
  Raúl Ramírez (3)
  Tian Viljoen
  Danie Visser
6–3, 6–3
1984   Bernard Mitton
  Butch Walts
  Scott Davis
  Ferdi Taygan
4–6, 6–4, 7–6
1985   Heinz Günthardt
  Balázs Taróczy
  Ken Flach
  Robert Seguso
7–6, 7–5
1986   Peter Fleming
  Guy Forget
  Yannick Noah
  Sherwood Stewart
7–6, 6–2
1987   Guy Forget (2)
  Yannick Noah
  Boris Becker
  Eric Jelen
5–7, 7–6, 7–5
1988   Boris Becker
  Guy Forget (3)
  Jorge Lozano
  Todd Witsken
6–3, 6–3
1989   Boris Becker (2)
  Jakob Hlasek
  Kevin Curren
  David Pate
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1990   Boris Becker (3)
  Guy Forget (4)
  Jim Grabb
  Patrick McEnroe
6–4, 6–3
1991   Jim Courier
  Javier Sánchez
  Guy Forget
  Henri Leconte
7–6, 6–1
1992   Steve DeVries
  David Macpherson
  Kent Kinnear
  Sven Salumaa
6–3, 2–6, 6–4
1993   Guy Forget (5)
  Henri Leconte
  Luke Jensen
  Scott Melville
4–6, 6–2, 7–6
1994   Grant Connell
  Patrick Galbraith
  Byron Black
  Jonathan Stark
3–6, 6–1, 7–6
1995   Tommy Ho
  Brett Steven
  Gary Muller
  Piet Norval
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
1996   Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
  Brian MacPhie
  Michael Tebbutt
6–3, 6–4
1997   Mark Knowles
  Daniel Nestor
  Mark Philippoussis
  Patrick Rafter
7–5, 6–4
1998   Jonas Björkman
  Patrick Rafter
  Todd Martin
  Richey Reneberg
6–4, 7–6
1999   Wayne Black
  Sandon Stolle
  Ellis Ferreira
  Rick Leach
6–3, 6–4
2000   Alex O'Brien
  Jared Palmer
  Paul Haarhuis
  Sandon Stolle
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
2001   Wayne Ferreira
  Yevgeny Kafelnikov
  Jonas Björkman
  Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–5
2002   Mark Knowles (2)
  Daniel Nestor (2)
  Roger Federer
  Max Mirnyi
6–4, 6–4
2003   Wayne Ferreira (2)
  Yevgeny Kafelnikov (2)
  Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
3–6, 7–5, 6–4
2004   Arnaud Clément
  Sébastien Grosjean
  Wayne Black
  Kevin Ullyett
6–3, 4–6, 7–5
2005   Mark Knowles (3)
  Daniel Nestor (3)
  Wayne Arthurs
  Paul Hanley
7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)
2006   Mark Knowles (4)
  Daniel Nestor (4)
  Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007   Martin Damm
  Leander Paes
  Jonathan Erlich
  Andy Ram
6–4, 6–4
2008   Jonathan Erlich
  Andy Ram
  Daniel Nestor
  Nenad Zimonjić
6–4, 6–4
2009   Mardy Fish
  Andy Roddick
  Max Mirnyi
  Andy Ram
3–6, 6–1, [14–12]
2010   Marc López
  Rafael Nadal
  Daniel Nestor
  Nenad Zimonjić
7–6(10–8), 6–3
2011   Alexandr Dolgopolov
  Xavier Malisse
  Roger Federer
  Stanislas Wawrinka
6–4, 6–7(5–7), [10–7]
2012   Marc López (2)
  Rafael Nadal (2)
  John Isner
  Sam Querrey
6–2, 7–6(7–3)
2013   Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
  Treat Conrad Huey
  Jerzy Janowicz
6–3, 3–6, [10–6]
2014   Bob Bryan (2)
  Mike Bryan (2)
  Alexander Peya
  Bruno Soares
6–4, 6–3
2015   Vasek Pospisil
  Jack Sock
  Simone Bolelli
  Fabio Fognini
6–4, 6–7(3–7), [10–7]
2016   Pierre-Hugues Herbert
  Nicolas Mahut
  Vasek Pospisil
  Jack Sock
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
2017   Raven Klaasen
  Rajeev Ram
  Łukasz Kubot
  Marcelo Melo
6–7(1–7), 6–4, [10–8]
2018   John Isner
  Jack Sock (2)
  Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–2)
2019   Nikola Mektić
  Horacio Zeballos
  Łukasz Kubot
  Marcelo Melo
4–6, 6–4, [10–3]

Women's DoublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
1989   Hana Mandlíková
  Pam Shriver
  Rosalyn Fairbank
  Gretchen Rush-Magers
6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990   Jana Novotná
  Helena Suková
  Gigi Fernández
  Martina Navratilova
6–2, 7–6(8–6)
1991
Final not held due to rain
1992   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
  Stephanie Rehe
  Jill Hetherington
  Kathy Rinaldi
6–3, 6–3
1993   Rennae Stubbs
  Helena Suková (2)
  Ann Grossman
  Patricia Hy
6–3, 6–4
1994   Lindsay Davenport
  Lisa Raymond
  Manon Bollegraf
  Helena Suková
6–2, 6–4
1995   Lindsay Davenport (2)
  Lisa Raymond (2)
  Larisa Savchenko Neiland
  Arantxa Sánchez
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
1996   Chanda Rubin
  Brenda Schultz-McCarthy
  Julie Halard
  Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 6–4
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1997   Lindsay Davenport (3)
  Natasha Zvereva
  Lisa Raymond
  Nathalie Tauziat
7–5, 6–2
1998   Lindsay Davenport (4)
  Natasha Zvereva (2)
  Alexandra Fusai
  Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1999   Martina Hingis
  Anna Kournikova
  Mary Joe Fernández
  Jana Novotná
6–2, 6–2
2000   Lindsay Davenport (5)
  Corina Morariu
  Anna Kournikova
  Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–3
2001   Nicole Arendt
  Ai Sugiyama
  Virginia Ruano
  Paola Suárez
6–4, 6–4
2002   Lisa Raymond (3)
  Rennae Stubbs (2)
  Elena Dementieva
  Janette Husárová
7–5, 6–0
2003   Lindsay Davenport (6)
  Lisa Raymond (4)
  Kim Clijsters
  Ai Sugiyama
3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004   Virginia Ruano Pascual
  Paola Suárez
  Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Elena Likhovtseva
6–1, 6–2
2005   Virginia Ruano Pascual (2)
  Paola Suárez (2)
  Nadia Petrova
  Meghann Shaughnessy
7–6(7–3), 6–1
2006   Lisa Raymond (5)
  Samantha Stosur
  Virginia Ruano
  Meghann Shaughnessy
6–2, 7–5
2007   Lisa Raymond (6)
  Samantha Stosur (2)
  Chan Yung-jan
  Chuang Chia-jung
6–3, 7–5
2008   Dinara Safina
  Elena Vesnina
  Yan Zi
  Zheng Jie
6–1, 1–6, [10–8]
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009   Victoria Azarenka
  Vera Zvonareva
  Gisela Dulko
  Shahar Pe'er
6–4, 3–6, [10–5]
2010   Květa Peschke
  Katarina Srebotnik
  Nadia Petrova
  Samantha Stosur
6–4, 2–6, [10–5]
2011   Sania Mirza
  Elena Vesnina (2)
  Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Meghann Shaughnessy
6–0, 7–5
2012   Liezel Huber
  Lisa Raymond (7)
  Sania Mirza
  Elena Vesnina
6–2, 6–3
2013   Ekaterina Makarova
  Elena Vesnina (3)
  Nadia Petrova
  Katarina Srebotnik
6–0, 5–7, [10–6]
2014   Hsieh Su-wei
  Peng Shuai
  Cara Black
  Sania Mirza
7–6(7–5), 6–2
2015   Martina Hingis (2)
  Sania Mirza (2)
  Ekaterina Makarova
  Elena Vesnina
6–3, 6–4
2016   Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Coco Vandeweghe
  Julia Görges
  Karolína Plíšková
4–6, 6–4, [10–6]
2017   Chan Yung-jan
  Martina Hingis (3)
  Lucie Hradecká
  Kateřina Siniaková
7–6(7–4), 6–2
2018   Hsieh Su-wei (2)
  Barbora Strýcová
  Ekaterina Makarova
  Elena Vesnina
6–4, 6–4
2019   Elise Mertens
  Aryna Sabalenka
  Barbora Krejčíková
  Kateřina Siniaková
6–3, 6–2

RecordsEdit

Men's singlesEdit

Women's singlesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Indian Wells Tennis Garden – Site Facts". Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  3. ^ "2014 Indian Wells Tennis Garden Expansion". ATP. March 3, 2013.
  4. ^ "The Long and Winding Road to Indian Wells". The Beverly Hills Courier. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Larry Ellison opens his wallet for Indian Wells event". USA Today. 13 March 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Top 15 Moments Of 2015 Tournament". BNP Paribas Open. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  7. ^ Charlie Pasarell and Co. keep tennis' desert palace glittering
  8. ^ BNP Paribas Open Announces Larry Ellison As New Owner
  9. ^ "Williams booed after Indian Wells win". CNN.
  10. ^ "Racism charges swirl as Williams sisters advance". CNN.
  11. ^ Williams, Serena (4 February 2015). "Serena Williams: I'm Returning to Indian Wells". Time.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-03-15. Retrieved 2015-03-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Venus books return to Indian Wells". WTA. 2016-01-27. Retrieved 2016-01-30.

External linksEdit