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BB cream stands for blemish balm, blemish base, beblesh balm, and in Western markets, beauty balm.

BB cream
BB cream selection 2.jpg
Selection of BB creams
Origins Christine Schrammek, German dermatologist, in the 1960s; developed further in the 1980s by Korean cosmetics companies[1]
Description All-in-one facial cosmetic product to replace serum, moisturizer, primer, foundation and sunblock
Main markets South Korean and Japanese markets from 1985; Western markets from 2012

Compared to a tinted cream which would be just a cream with a very light tint, the BB Cream has both the perfection power of a foundation and the moisturizing power of a skincare product. On top of that, it also provides a sunblock.

The CC cream came later on and describes a Color Correction cream. A CC cream has all the benefits of a BB cream but with the specific feature of homogenizing the coloration of the skin, by correcting the complexion concerns such as redness or dullness.

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Contents

HistoryEdit

What became BB cream was originally formulated in the 1960s in Germany by dermatologist Dr. Christine Schrammek to protect her patients' skin after facial peels and surgery.[1][3]

FormulationsEdit

 
Christine Schrammek Blemish Balm from 1960s

BB creams come in a variety of different formulations.[1] Because Korean companies focused initially on the Korean and East Asian markets, they are offered in a limited number of hues. Instead of offering multiple shades for different skin colors, most formulae are designed to oxidize to match the user's skin tone.[4] The skin-whitening properties of the cream as sold in the Asian market are an important element in its popularity.[5]

The cream is promoted as a multi-tasker and all-in-one treatment, but Korean women mostly use it as an alternative to foundation, particularly those with Western formulations that tend to be too heavy for their tastes. The coverage is often mineral-based, and is intended to both cover and treat blemishes such as acne, sun spots and age spots. It also has anti-wrinkle, anti-inflammatory and soothing effects. Several contain hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C.

MarketsEdit

BB creams make up 13 percent of the cosmetics market in South Korea. Some Korean brands also offer BB creams for men.[6] Notable Korean brands include Etude House, Missha, Nature Republic, Skin Food, Sulhwasoo, and The Face Shop.

Western cosmetics companies began to launch BB creams in the Western market in 2012, though some of these creams have been criticized for lacking the skin-caring functions that BB creams normally have, and for being no more than tinted moisturizer.[citation needed] Early arrivals included Boscia, Clinique, Dior, Estée Lauder, Garnier, Marcelle, Maybelline, Revlon and Smashbox.[7] Lab Series makes a BB cream for men.[8] Certain BB creams have been tailored for Western markets: Estée Lauder, for example, has not included the whitening properties in their formulation for North America.[9]

Cruelty-free and vegan BB creamsEdit

BB creams advertised as cruelty-free include Smashbox (owned by Estée Lauder) and The Body Shop (owned by L'Oreal).[10] The definition of "cruelty-free" varies. The Body Shop BB cream is certified by the Leaping Bunny Program, which means, according to the certification process, that no new animal testing has been used in any phase of product development by the company, its laboratories, or the suppliers of its ingredients.[11] As of May 2013, Amore Pacific, which has as its subsidiaries Etude House and Laneige, has ended animal testing on all ingredients and cosmetics.[12]

Products certified as cruelty-free may still contain animal products and may not be suitable for vegans. Vegan BB creams include the Superdrug own brand BB cream,[13] BB cream souffles from Haut Cosmetics, 100% Pure Cosmetics, Multi-Mineral BB Cream from Pacifica,[14] and the Evenly Radiant BB Crème from Dermae.[15]

 
Crema BB Cream

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Chang, Katie. "Vain Glorious | BB Creams Are Here!",
  2. ^ Latimer, Joanne. "BB cream fans lay it on thick", Maclean's, January 11, 2012.
  3. ^ BBcream. Revisado.
  4. ^ "BB Cream Overview". BubzBeauty. 
  5. ^ Woo, Michelle. "Get Skin Like a Korean Soap Opera Star", OC Weekly, April 5, 2012.
  6. ^ For 13 percent of the South Korean market, see The New York Times, March 29, 2012.
  7. ^ Maclean's, January 11, 2012.
  8. ^ The New York Times, March 29, 2012, p. 5.
  9. ^ Rovan, Rhonda. "Do you need a BB cream?", Best Health, March 2012.
  10. ^ For Smashbox, see Reddick, Kelsey. "Finding the BB cream that's right for you", Feminspire, July 14, 2012.
  11. ^ "Debunking Myths about Animal Testing", The Coalition for Consumer Information on Cosmetics, accessed September 7, 2012.
  12. ^ [1] (archived link, March 29, 2013)
  13. ^ "Superdrug BB Cream", "Superdrug.com", June 26, 2013.
  14. ^ "Alight Multi-Mineral BB Cream". Pacifica. 2016-11-06. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  15. ^ "Vegan BB cream souffles" Archived 2012-08-26 at the Wayback Machine., Haut Minerals, accessed September 7, 2012. Also, e.l.f. brand BB Cream is not only cruelty-free, but it is vegan, sold at Target for about $6.

Further readingEdit