Beijing Automotive Group Co., Ltd. (BAIC) is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shunyi, Beijing. Founded in 1958,[2] it is currently the sixth largest automobile manufacturer in China, with 1.723 million sales in 2021.

Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd.
北京汽车工业控股有限责任公司
TypeState-owned enterprise
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1958; 64 years ago (1958)[1]
Headquarters,
China
Area served
China
Key people
Xu Heyi, Chairman
ProductsCommercial and passenger vehicles
Revenue480,738,070,000 renminbi (2018) Edit this on Wikidata
OwnerBeijing Municipal Government
Subsidiaries
BAIC Motor(44.98%)
Beijing Benz(51%)
Beijing Hyundai(50%)
BAW
Beiqi Foton Motor
Beijing Foton Automotive(50%)
Jiangxi Changhe(70%)
Websitebaicgroup.com.cn
BAIC Group
Simplified Chinese北京汽车工业控股有限责任公司
Traditional Chinese北京汽車工業控股有限責任公司

The company produces and sells vehicles under its own branding, such as Beijing, BAW, Changhe, Foton, Ruili Doda, Arcfox, as well as under foreign-branded joint ventures such as Beijing-Benz and Beijing-Hyundai. It also produces electric vehicles under some of the previously listed brandings, including dedicated EV brands such as Arcfox.

Its principal subsidiaries include the passenger car maker BAIC Motor (44.98% share); military vehicle and light truck maker BAW; and truck, bus, and agricultural equipment maker, Foton Motor.[3] A large proportion of sales BAIC's sales is in agricultural, commercial, and military vehicles.

HistoryEdit

BAIC was originally founded in 1958[4] as Beijing Automobile Works (BAW), which found success producing the Dongfanghong BJ760, a vehicle based on the Soviet GAZ-21.[5]

BAIC was one of the top ten most-productive Chinese automakers in 2010. This may be due to subsidiary Beijing Automobile Works and a sustained surge of popularity for Beijing Hyundai products.[6] It reached fifth place by selling nearly 1.5 millions units garnering a market share of more than 8%.[7] 2011 production of 1.5 million whole vehicles made BAIC the fifth largest vehicle-maker in China that year in terms of units manufactured.[8] BAIC remained fifth in 2012, which saw the company make 1.7 million whole vehicles; 30% of production was commercial or heavy-duty products.[9]

Saab technology transferEdit

After several unsuccessful attempts to buy struggling European automakers in 2009, such as Saab, Volvo, and Opel as well as technology from the American Chrysler, BAIC fulfilled its aim of obtaining valuable Western technology that same year purchasing technology from a former unit of General Motors, Saab Automobile.[10] This allows it to produce older Saab models (but not brand them as Saabs[citation needed]) for sale in China.[11]

The intellectual property bought by BAIC includes the rights to three overall vehicle platforms, Saab 9-3 and Saab 9-5 technologies, two engine technologies, and two transmission systems.[12]

Cars with Saab technology were expected to go on sale in 2012[13] but didn't debut until May 2013.[14] The first Saab-based model on sale is the C70 or 绅宝 (Shenbao), which may be translated as "gentleman's treasure".[15]

ProductsEdit

BAIC has a wide product line that includes more than the buses that are its traditional manufacture.[16] Offerings encompass many kinds of commercial vehicles, including: agricultural machinery, construction machinery, light trucks, and military vehicles, etc.[17] As of 2010, commercial vehicle production capacity is estimated to be around 700,000 units per year.[1] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

The company sells self-branded consumer products in addition to joint-venture developed vehicles under the brands of foreign manufacturers Hyundai Motor Company and the Mercedes-Benz Group. BAIC-branded military and civilian light trucks have also been produced.[18]

Beijing BJEdit

ArcfoxEdit

Beijing (Previously Senova, BJEV)Edit

Current ModelsEdit

Discontinued ModelsEdit

BAWEdit

Beijing Automobile Works Co., Ltd. (BAW) is a subsidiary of BAIC based in Beijing which produces light off-road vehicles, trucks, and military vehicles.

Current ModelsEdit

Discontinued ModelsEdit

ChangheEdit

FotonEdit

Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd. (Foton Motor) is a subsidiary of BAIC which designs and manufactures trucks, buses, sport utility vehicles, and agricultural machinery. It is headquartered in Changping, Beijing.

RuiliEdit

Ruili is a sub-division of BAIC. They produce their vehicles under the Doda brand.[19]

Former subsidiariesEdit

BLACEdit

The Beijing Light Automobile Company (BLAC), until 1988 the Beijing Automobile Factory No. 2, started in the late 1960s when production of the independently developed BJ130 began. Its introduction was slowed considerably by the upheavals of the Cultural revolution.[20] In 1984, assembly of the Isuzu Elf/NHR began (originally as the BJ136, later as the BJ1030/1040/1050 series). In 1988, a new plant for these trucks was built with aid from the Japanese, and petrol and diesel light truck engines were also produced.[21] BLAC went bankrupt in 2002.[20]

Joint venturesEdit

Like many other peers, BAIC has several joint ventures with foreign automakers—including two with Daimler AG.[22]

Current joint venturesEdit

Beijing HyundaiEdit

Beijing Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Beijing, China, and is a 50:50 joint-venture between BAIC and Hyundai Motor Company. Established in 2002, it manufactures in Shunyi District, a satellite city of Beijing, producing Hyundai-branded automobiles for the Chinese market.[23] New models designed for the Chinese market are due to appear.[24]

Beijing BenzEdit

As of 2010, Beijing Benz, a BAIC joint venture with German automaker Daimler AG, makes the Mercedes-Benz C-Class and E-Class models for sale in China and seeks to make more of the models it sells in China locally.[22]

Beijing Foton DaimlerEdit

Beijing Foton Daimler Automobile Co., Ltd. is a joint venture between Daimler and a BAIC subsidiary, Foton Motor, which makes commercial trucks.[25]

HuansuEdit

Huansu is a brand under Beiqi Yinxiang Automobile, a joint venture between Beijing Auto (Beiqi) and the Yinxiang Group from Chongqing.

WeiwangEdit

Weiwang is a brand under Beiqi Yinxiang Automobile, a joint venture between Beijing Auto (Beiqi) and the Yinxiang Group from Chongqing.

Former joint venturesEdit

Beijing JeepEdit

Beijing Jeep Corporation became China's first Sino-western automotive joint venture when it was established in 1984 with American Motors Corporation. Beijing Jeep subsequently became Beijing Benz-DaimlerChrysler Automotive Co Ltd and then Beijing Benz Automotive Co Ltd.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Beiqi to invest 10b yuan in own brand chinadaily.com.cn, 2010-11-17
  2. ^ "Into the Biac".
  3. ^ For State ownership, see BAIHC Homepage > About Beiqi > BAIHC Information Archived 2010-06-10 at the Wayback Machine Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. Official Site
  4. ^ "Into The Biac". 北汽集团. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  5. ^ "The Beijing Auto Works Dongfanghong BJ760 Is A Beautiful Chinese-Russian Sedan | ChinaCarHistory". 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  6. ^
  7. ^ China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
  8. ^ 2011年前十家乘用车生产企业销量排名. China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 2012-01-20. Archived from the original on 2012-08-20.
  9. ^ "2012年12月分车型前十家生产企业销量排名". China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 14 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  10. ^ For attempt to purchase Saab Automobile, see "Koenigsegg — press release". Cision Wire. Archived from the original on 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  11. ^ What BAIC plans to build on its Saab treasures chinacartimes.com, 19 October 2010
  12. ^ BAIC paid $197 mln for Saab assets - paper reuters.com, Mon Dec 14, 2009 4:41pm EST
  13. ^ "Big hurdle for a small brand --- Beijing Auto attempts to grow out of its niche with Saab-based models and new factories." Norihiko Shirouzu. The Wall Street Journal Asia. Hong Kong: 13 Oct 2010. pg. 19
  14. ^ "CHINA: BAIC's Senova D series sedan goes on sale". just - auto global news. Bromsgrove.14 May 2013.
  15. ^ "BAIC C70 to become the 'Gentlemens Treasure' in Chinese". China Car Times. 8 May 2012. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012.
  16. ^ For wide product line, see BAIHC Homepage > About Beiqi > BAIHC Information Archived 2010-06-10 at the Wayback Machine Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. Official Site
  17. ^ *For agricultural machinery, see Beijing Automotive Import & Export Corporation
  18. ^ "Hummer-Inspired Chinese Trucks (3): BAIC Yongshi". ChinaAutoWeb.com.
  19. ^ "RUILI ELECTRIC VEHICLES". 7 August 2018.
  20. ^ a b "浴火重生BJ130综述稿" [A brief History of the BJ130]. Made in China (in Chinese). NetEase Inc. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
  21. ^ "Beijing LAC Китай" [Beijing LAC (China)]. Книги и Каталоги (Books and Catalogues) (in Russian). За рулем. Archived from the original on 2011-08-19.
  22. ^ a b Daimler aims to nearly triple China sales by 2015 reuters.com, Fri Oct 22, 2010 8:12am EDT
  23. ^ For Hyundai as partner, see UPDATE 1-Hyundai Motor signs deal with Chinese carmaker reuters.com, Thu Oct 21, 2010 7:36pm EDT
  24. ^ HYUNDAI REVEALS THREE NEW MODELS AT SHANGHAI AUTO SHOW Hyundai Official Site
  25. ^ For legal name, see The entire Beijing Automotive Group overcomes difficulties—makes great endeavor to the quicker development Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine BAIC Official Site, 2009-07-20

External linksEdit