B-flat minor is a minor scale based on B♭, consisting of the pitches B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G♭, and A♭. Its key signature has five flats. Its relative major is D-flat major and its parallel major is B-flat major. Its enharmonic equivalent, A-sharp minor, which would contain seven sharps, is not normally used.
|Relative key||D-flat major|
|Parallel key||B-flat major|
|Dominant key||F minor|
|B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G♭, A♭|
The B-flat natural minor scale is:
B-flat minor is traditionally a 'dark' key. Important oboe solos in this key in the orchestral literature include the second movement of Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 4, which depicts "the feeling that you get when you are all alone" in Tchaikovsky's words. Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 is also in B-flat minor. An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss begins and ends in B-flat minor.
The old valveless horn was barely capable of playing in B-flat minor; the only example found in 18th-century music is a modulation that occurs in the first minuet of Franz Krommer's Concertino in D major, Op. 80.
Notable classical compositionsEdit
- Samuel Barber
- Frédéric Chopin
- Charles-Valentin Alkan
- Dmitri Shostakovich
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- William Walton
- Sergei Rachmaninoff
- Wilfred Mellers, "Round and About in Górecki's Symphony No. 3" Tempo 168 3 (1989): 23
- J. Murray Barbour, Trumpets, Horns, and Music (1964), p. 163
- Piano Sonata No. 2, Op. 35 (Chopin, Frédéric): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Nocturnes, Op. 9 (Chopin, Frédéric): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Scherzo No. 2, Op. 31 (Chopin, Frédéric): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Preludes, Op.28 (Chopin, Frédéric): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Piano Concerto No. 1, Op. 23 (Tchaikovsky, Pyotr): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Media related to B-flat minor at Wikimedia Commons