Büyükçekmece is a district and municipality in the suburbs of Istanbul, Turkey on the Sea of Marmara coast of the European side, west of the city. It is largely an industrial area with a population of 380,000. The mayor is Hasan Akgün (CHP).
|• Mayor||Hasan Akgün (CHP)|
|• Governor||Ismail Gündüz|
|• District||239.25 km2 (92.37 sq mi)|
|• District density||840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The land around this inlet of the Sea of Marmara, has been settled, abandoned and resettled throughout history as army after army passed along the coast to the Bosphorus. It is thought to be the site of the Greek colony on the Marmara shore called Athyra (Άθυρα), also known as Athyras.
In 443 AD, the armies of Attila the Hun took this settlement and its associated fort, and this was presumably his last conquest of that campaign before turning around.
The earliest mention of the bishopric of Athyra in a list of dioceses is of the late 15th century, but a seal has been found of a 10th-century Bishop Orestes of the see. No longer a residential bishopric, Athyra is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.
The Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan built a bridge to cross the mouth of the inlet (Lake Büyükçekmece) and there are ruins of inns and caravansarai, which show this was a stopping place on the road to Europe. At the beginning of the Ottoman period, it was empty forest and farmland, and has gradually been settled by Turkish people migrating in from the Balkans and the Caucasus.
According to the Ottoman population statistics of 1914, the kaza of Büyükçekmece had a total population of 13.121, consisting of 9.511 Greeks, 3.255 Muslims, 195 Bulgarians, 143 Roma people and 17 Armenians.
In the early years of the Turkish Republic, it was still very rural, with village cottages, farmland behind, and by the sea the odd weekend home for people of Istanbul. The area was a very popular day or weekend trip from the city, there is a sandy shoreline, a long seafront and until the 1970s families would come out to Büyükçekmece for fishing, crabbing or for a day on the beach.
The area administered by Büyükçekmece includes a large hinterland behind the Marmara shore, some of it still rural.
Places of interestEdit
- Kanuni Sultan Suleiman bridge (1567)
- Sancaklar Mosque (2012)
- Gelsenkirchen, Germany (since 2004)
- Kranj, Slovenia (since 2014)
- Struga, North Macedonia (since 2015)
- Gorna Oryahovitsa, Bulgaria (since 2003)
- Mamuša, Kosovo (since 2008)
- Nea Propontida, Greece (since 2008)
- Cheonan, Republic of Korea (since 2013)
- Dolyna, Ukraine (since 2022)
- Óbuda-Békásmegyer, Hungary (since 2022)
- İskele, Northern Cyprus (since 2003)
- Değirmenlik, Northern Cyprus (since 2003)
- Güzelyurt, Northern Cyprus (since 2003)
- Lapta, Northern Cyprus (since 2003)
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 841
- Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 184-185
- Mülayim, Selçuk; Akşit, İlhan (2005). Turkish art and architecture in Anatolia & Mimar Sinan. Akşit. p. 135. ISBN 978-975-7039-22-8.
- "Buyukcekmece Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Koprusu" (in Turkish). Retrieved 10 October 2015.
- "Dünya Kostümleri Müzesi" (in Turkish). Büyükçekmece Belediyesi<. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
- Tanyeli, Uğur. "Profession of Faith: Mosque in Sancaklar, Turkey by Emre Arolat Architects". Architectural Review. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Campus Information". Istanbul International Community School. Archived from the original on 2019-07-08. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
- "Iletisim". Beykent University. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
Büyükçekmece Yerleşkesi Cumhuriyet Mahallesi, Beykent, Büyükçekmece / İstanbul