Bülach (Alemannic German pronunciation: [ˈbylɑχ]) is historic town and a municipality in Switzerland in the canton of Zürich, located in the district of the same name, and belongs to the Glatt Valley (German: Glattal) to the east of the small river Glatt and about 4 km (2.5 mi) south of the High Rhine and about 6 km (3.7 mi) north of the Airport Zurich.
with 7 members
Mark Eberli EVP (Evangelische Volkspartei)
with 28 members
|• Total||16.09 km2 (6.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation (Kreisel Marktgasse)||416 m (1,365 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||German: Bülacher(in) or Büler(in)|
|Localities||Nussbaumen, Eschenmosen, Wisli,|
|Surrounded by||Bachenbülach, Eglisau, Embrach, Glattfelden, Hochfelden, Höri, Rorbas, Winkel|
|Twin towns||Santeramo in Colle (Italy)|
Bülach is first mentioned in 811 as Pulacha. From early times it fell within the province of the Alamanni: Joachim Werner's description of the early cemetery excavated there was published in 1953.
Bülach has an area of 16.1 km2 (6.2 sq mi). Of this area, 33.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 39.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 26.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located around the lower Glatt Valley. The town of Bülach and the village of Niederflachs are in the valley. Around the town are the hamlets of Heimgarten am Rinsberg, Eschenmosen (since 1919, earlier part of Winkel) and Nussbaumen am Dettenberg. The municipality of Bachenbülach was part of Bülach until 1849 when it became an independent municipality. Bülach is located on the old road from Zürich through Kloten to Eglisau.
Bülach has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 19,611. As of 2007[update], 22.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 17.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (83.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.5%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is as follows: children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 64.8% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.2%. In Bülach about 73.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
|Late Middle Ages||less than 500|
|16-18th Centuries||about 1,000|
The Reformed Church and the popular Sigristenkeller gallery stand on a small hill, and are surrounded by pretty old buildings, including the Pfarrhaus and the old Tithe Barn. The church is named after Saint Laurentius, to whom the town's coat of arms is dedicated. Saint Laurentius was deacon to Pope Sixtus II, and became a martyr when he was condemned to death by fire in 258 AD. The church forms a well-matched unit with the Town Hall, and has a tower rising above it to a height of 74 meters. Also on the first Saturday of every month at 6pm, trumpeters play for half an hour from the top of the tower.
Economy and transportEdit
One of its most important institutions and its biggest employer (over 700 employees) is the regional hospital Spital Bülach with 200 acute beds. Other important employers include the traditional glass producer Vetropack, civil engineering firm Mageba, and the Zürcher Unterländer newspaper.
Bülach has an unemployment rate of 3.07%. As of 2005[update], there were 130 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 36 businesses involved in this sector. 1893 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 133 businesses in this sector. 5596 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 607 businesses in this sector.
It also has a direct bus link from Zürich Airport which takes 25 minutes on 530 service.
The Kantonsschule Zürcher Unterland (KZU) is located in Bülach.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
- Bülach in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- J. Werner, Das alamannische Gräberfeld von Bülach, (Monographs in Ur- und Frühgeschichte Schweiz), Basel 1953.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 29-Jul-2009
- accessed 17-Jun-2012 Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Schuleinheit Böswisli." Primarschule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.
- "Schuleinheit Schwerzgrueb." Primarschule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.
- "Schuleinheit Lindenhof." Primarschule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.
- "Schuleinheit Hohfuri." Primarschule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.
- "Schule Hinterbirch." Sekundarskule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.
- "Schule Mettmenriet." Sekundarskule Bülach. Retrieved on April 23, 2015.