Ayelet HaShahar (Hebrew: אַיֶּלֶת הַשַּׁחַר) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the Korazim Plateau, by the Rosh Pina – Metulla road, it is approximately 35 kilometers south of Kiryat Shmona and falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2019, it had a population of 1,134.
|• official||Ayyelet HaShahar|
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The name of the kibbutz, literally "hind of the dawn", is taken from the first line of Psalm 22 in reference to Najmat es-Subh (Arabic: نجمة الصبح, lit. 'star of the dawn'), the original name of the land on which the kibbutz is located. The land was bought by the Jewish Colonization Association in 1892, and first settled by immigrants from Europe in 1915 during the Second Aliyah period. A census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, recorded a population of 78 Jews. During the end of the British mandate, the kibbutz was the staging ground for Palmach operations: Night of the Bridges and the bombing of the Yarmuk Bridge (16–17 June 1946).
Palmach youth group at Ayelet Hashahar, 1946
Ayelet HaShahar is one of the larger fruit producers in Israel. They also raise dairy cattle and poultry, and manage beehives (the kibbutz is a major producer of Israel's honey). There are fish ponds, which take water from canals that drain the nearby Hula Valley swamps.
Tel Hazor, the capital of Canaanite Galilee, lies opposite the kibbutz. The Archaeological Museum of Hatzor is located at the kibbutz. Antiquities from Tel Hazor are displayed, but many of the original artifacts are actually at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
- "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Barron, 1923, p. 41
- Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 504. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Israel Museum Israeli Art Information Center
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.