Ayas Mehmed Pasha

Ayas Mehmed Pasha (1483–1539) was an Ottoman statesman and grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1536 to 1539.[1] He was an Albanian born in Delvinë (Sanjak of Avlona).[2][3][4] His father was from the city of Shkodra, in the north of Albania, and his mother was from Vlorë, in the south of Albania.[5] He went to Istanbul while his father was living there, and following his orders entered Ottoman service under the Devshirme practice (as he was born Christian) and eventually became Agha of the Janissaries. He participated in the Battle of Chaldiran (1514) and the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17). During 1520–1521 he was beylerbey of Anatolia Eyalet and governor of Damascus. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, he served as beylerbey of Rumelia Eyalet and was made a vizier after the Ottoman conquest of Rhodes in 1522. He also participated in the Battle of Mohács, Siege of Vienna, and the war in Iraq (1534–1535).[2]

Ayas

Mehmed

29th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
14 March 1536 – 13 July 1539
MonarchSuleiman I
Preceded byPargalı Ibrahim Pasha
Succeeded byLütfi Pasha
Personal details
Born1483
Delvinë, Sanjak of Avlona, Ottoman Empire
Died1539 (aged 55–56)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
EthnicityAlbanian

He became grand vizier in 1536 after the execution of Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha and kept this position until his death in 1539. Under his administration, the Ottomans undertook the Corfu campaign (1537) and waged war against the Habsburgs in Vienna (1537–1540). Additionally, his native Vlorë region was put under full Ottoman control, and the Sanjak of Delvina was created. He died of plague in Istanbul and was buried in the Eyüp Sultan Mosque.[2]

Tombstone of Ayas Mehmed Pasha at Eyüp Sultan Mosque Cemetery

Depictions in literature and popular cultureEdit

In the TV series Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Ayas Mehmed Pasha is played by Turkish actor Fehmi Karaarslan.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 15. (Turkish)
  2. ^ a b c Elsie, Robert (2012), A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History, I. B. Tauris, p. 21, ISBN 978-1780764313
  3. ^ Çakıroğlu, Ekrem; Ömer Mahir, Alper (1999). Yaşamları ve yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar ansiklopedisi (in Turkish). Yapı Kredi Yayınları. p. 272. ISBN 978-975-08-0072-6.
  4. ^ Boriani, Maurizio; Giambruno, Mariacristina; Macchiarella, Gianclaudio (2015). Studi per la conservazione del patrimonio culturale albanese. Altralinea Edizioni. p. 51. ISBN 978-88-98743-51-3.
  5. ^ Gjergj Zheji "Folklori shqiptar"
Political offices
Preceded by
Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
14 March 1536 – 13 July 1539
Succeeded by
Lütfi Pasha