Axum Airport

Axum Airport (Tigrinya: ኣኽሱም ዮሃንስ ራብዓይ መዕረፍ ነፈርቲ) (IATA: AXU, ICAO: HAAX), also known as Emperor Yohannes IV Airport,[1] is an airport serving Axum,[2] a city in the northern Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The name of the city and airport may also be transliterated as Aksum. The facility is located 5.5 km (3.4 miles) to the east of the city.[1]

Axum Emperor Yohannes IV Airport

ኣኽሱም ዮሃንስ ራብዓይ መዕረፍ ነፈርቲ
Axum Airport Stehmann-1.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerEthiopian Civil Aviation Authority
OperatorEthiopian Airports Enterprise
ServesAxum, Ethiopia
Elevation AMSL2,108 m / 6,916 ft
Coordinates14°08′13″N 038°46′34″E / 14.13694°N 38.77611°E / 14.13694; 38.77611Coordinates: 14°08′13″N 038°46′34″E / 14.13694°N 38.77611°E / 14.13694; 38.77611
HAAX is located in Ethiopia
Location in Ethiopia (Tigray region in red)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 2,400 7,874 Asphalt concrete

The airport is named after Yohannes IV, the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1872 to 1889.

The airport was heavily damaged by Tigray People's Liberation Front forces during the Tigray conflict in November 2020.[4]


Axum Airport resides at an elevation of 2,108 metres (6,916 ft) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 16/34, with an asphalt concrete surface measuring 2,400 by 45 metres (7,874 ft × 148 ft).[1] It is capable of receiving very large aircraft, such as the Antonov 124, which brought the Axum Obelisk back from Italy in 2005.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

Ethiopian Airlines[5] Addis Ababa, Gondar, Lalibela, Mek'ele


On 2 May 1987, Douglas C-47A ET-AGT of Ethiopian Airlines was destroyed on the ground in an attack on the airport by Ethiopian Air Force MiG-23s.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d "Axum Emperor Yohanes IV Airport". Ethiopian Airports Enterprise. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b Airport information for HAAX from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  3. ^ Airport information for AXU at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "Tigray crisis: How the Ethiopian army and TPLF clashed over an airport". BBC News. 2020-11-26. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
  5. ^ "OAG Internet Timetable". OAG Aviation Worldwide Ltd. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  6. ^ "ET-AGT Criminal Occurrence description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 July 2010.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Axum Airport at Wikimedia Commons