Axat (French pronunciation: [aksat] (About this soundlisten); Atsat in Occitan) is a commune in the Aude department in the Occitanie region of southern France.

Axat
A general view of Axat
A general view of Axat
Coat of arms of Axat
Location of Axat
Axat is located in France
Axat
Axat
Axat is located in Occitanie
Axat
Axat
Coordinates: 42°48′16″N 2°14′10″E / 42.8044°N 2.2361°E / 42.8044; 2.2361Coordinates: 42°48′16″N 2°14′10″E / 42.8044°N 2.2361°E / 42.8044; 2.2361
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentAude
ArrondissementLimoux
CantonQuillan
IntercommunalityCC Pyrénées Audoises
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Philippe Parraud[1]
Area
1
11.77 km2 (4.54 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
541
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
11021 /11140
Elevation394–1,330 m (1,293–4,364 ft)
(avg. 398 m or 1,306 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Axatois or Axatoises.[3]

GeographyEdit

Axat is located in Cathar country at the doors of the Aude Pyrenees some 45 km west by northwest of Perpignan and 10 km southeast of Quillan. Access to the commune is by the D117 road from Belvianes-et-Cavirac in the north which passes east through the top of the commune and continues to Caudiès-de-Fenouillèdes. Access to the village is by the D118 which branches from the D117 in the north of the commune and goes south to the village then continues south through the length of the commune before turning west to follow a mountain ridge to Puyvalador. The commune is alpine in nature with extensive forests and rugged terrain. The village is in a valley in the north of the commune.[4]

Axat is a pretty tourist town situated in the high valley of the Aude. Surrounded by mountains and gorges, the narrowest Gorge of Saint Georges is only 3 km away. The River Aude is in a picturesque setting and is a popular whitewater sports location. There are 300 metres of fly fishing stretches where the quality of oxygen in the water attracts salmon and trout.

A privately owned tourist railway known as The Little Red Train (Train du pays Cathare et du Fenouillèdes), runs on part of the old Carcassonne to Rivesaltes via Quillan SNCF railway line, from a station just west of the village. In summer it links Axat to Rivesaltes passing through Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet with 60 km of track running over impressive viaducts and through tunnels on open-air carriages. The former track between Axat and Quillan no longer exists.

The river Aude flows through the length of the commune from south to north then continues northwest at the start of its journey to the Mediterranean Sea. Many tributaries rise in the commune on both banks and flow into the Aude including the Ruisseau d'Artigues (which rises in Artigues), the Ruisseeau de Seilles, and many other unnamed streams.[4]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

[4]

ToponymyEdit

 
View of the Aude in Axat

In ancient times the Aude basin did not belong to the Sordones but to other iron producers inhabiting Atax country: the Atacini who made swords as well as axes. The nearest village to the Sordones and part of the land occupied by the Aticini was called Axat and this name, which is a simple inversion of Atax marks the exact point of division between the two tribes of Sordones and Atacini.

HistoryEdit

The Barony became a Marquisate in 1776 according to Eric Thiou[5] and was extinguished in 1788.[6] It became a courtesy title borrowed by Philippe du Puy de Clinchamps.[7]

HeraldryEdit

Blazon:

Argent, a fesse Vert, in chief three square lozenges the same.



AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors[8]

From To Name
1947 1971 Emile Gorse
1971 1983 Alexandre Raynaud
1983 1985 Jean Paul Raynaud
1985 1989 Yves Ipavec
1989 2020 Marcel Martinez
2020 2026 Philippe Parraud

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 547 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 284—    
1800 335+2.39%
1806 361+1.25%
1821 411+0.87%
1831 546+2.88%
1836 582+1.29%
1841 278−13.74%
1846 594+16.40%
1851 540−1.89%
1856 538−0.07%
1861 529−0.34%
1866 458−2.84%
1872 452−0.22%
1876 444−0.45%
1881 425−0.87%
1886 450+1.15%
1891 454+0.18%
1896 558+4.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 838+8.47%
1906 695−3.67%
1911 912+5.58%
1921 863−0.55%
1926 968+2.32%
1931 1,010+0.85%
1936 901−2.26%
1946 930+0.32%
1954 1,006+0.99%
1962 993−0.16%
1968 997+0.07%
1975 911−1.28%
1982 1,021+1.64%
1990 919−1.31%
1999 832−1.10%
2007 701−2.12%
2012 623−2.33%
2017 547−2.57%
Source: EHESS[9] and INSEE[10]
 
The Gorge of Saint Georges at the end of the 19th century

Culture and heritageEdit

 
The railway viaduct in 1910

Civil heritageEdit

  • A Viaduct built in 1900
  • A Bridge

Religious heritageEdit

The Church of the Assumption of Notre-Dame, built in 1630, contains a Statue: the Immaculate Conception (17th century)  which is registered as an historical object[11]

The New Provisional Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

  • A Statue: Saint John the Evangelist (17th century) [12]
  • A Statue: Virgin with pedestal (17th century) [13]
  • A Painting: Saint Michel vanquishing the demon (18th century) [14]
  • A Painting: The Assumption (18th century) [15]

Local lifeEdit

SportsEdit

  • Water activities: rafting, whitewater swimming, canoeing
  • Axat Football Club, a soccer club founded in 1940.
  • Outdoor sports: hiking (walking, horse riding, mountain biking), climbing

There is also an outdoor swimming pool which is open from June to September with great mountain views.

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

 
The Marquis of Dax of Axat (1767-1847)
  • The Dax family, originally from Carcassonne, have been linked to Axat since the middle of the 15th century, when its members were Lords of Axat.
  • Henri Rouzaud, born in Axat on 14 November 1855, died at Narbonne on 17 July 1935, professor and politician
  • Albert Cauneille, norn on 4 October 1910 in Axat. He was twice a finalist in the 1932–33 French Rugby Union Championship. He played centre three-quarters (he was 1.72m tall and weighed 82 kg). Clubs: Carcassonne and Narbonne.[16]
  • Henri Gleyzes, born on 18 May 1901 in Axat and died on 15 October 1969. He was a finalist in the 1924–25 French Rugby Union Championship with Carcassonne. He played wing three-quarter.[17]
  • Patrick David, born on 3 May 1954 in Axat. Rugby player. He was a finalist in the 1976–77 French Rugby Union Championship with Perpignan. He played prop (he was 1.83m tall and 87 kg).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Aude (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ Éric Thiou, Dictionary of titles and land titles in France under the Ancien Régime, éditions Mémoire et Documents, Versailles, 2003, (p.58) (in French)
  6. ^ Gustave Chaix d'Est-Ange, Dictionary of ancient French families and notables at the end of the 19th century, vol. 13 (in French)
  7. ^ Charondas, What title?, vol. 36, 1970 (in French)
  8. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  9. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Axat, EHESS. (in French)
  10. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11002546 Statue: the Immaculate Conception (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11001718 Statue: Saint John the Evangelist (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11001717 Statue: Virgin, with pedestal (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000603 Painting: Saint Michel vanquishing the demon (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000602 Painting: The Assumption (in French)
  16. ^ Rugby website Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  17. ^ Rugby website Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in French)

External linksEdit