Awa, Tokushima

Awa (阿波市, Awa-shi) is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 35,631 in 15432 households and a population density of 190 persons per km².[1]The total area of the city is 191.11 square kilometres (73.79 sq mi).

Awa
阿波市
Awa City Hall
Awa City Hall
Flag of Awa
Official seal of Awa
Location of Awa in Tokushima Prefecture
Awa in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Awa is located in Japan
Awa
Awa
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°6′5″N 134°17′47″E / 34.10139°N 134.29639°E / 34.10139; 134.29639Coordinates: 34°6′5″N 134°17′47″E / 34.10139°N 134.29639°E / 34.10139; 134.29639
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
PrefectureTokushima
Government
 • MayorKunikatsu Nozaki (since May 2009)
Area
 • Total191.11 km2 (73.79 sq mi)
Population
 (June 30, 2022)
 • Total35,631
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall addressAwacho, Higashihara 173, Awa-shi, Tokushima-ken 771–1703
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdCettia diphone
FlowerCosmos
TreeZelkova serrata
Awa-no-dochu earthen pillars Natural Monument
Kumadani-ji Sanmon
Yoshino River

GeographyEdit

Awa is located in the northeastern part of Tokushima Prefecture, between the northern bank of the Yoshino River and Kagawa Prefecture. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Okumiyagawa-Uchidani Prefectural Natural Park.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Tokushima Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Awa has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Awa is 14.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1,335 mm with September as the wettest month. [2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Awa has slowly declined over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 49,968—    
1970 42,491−15.0%
1980 43,823+3.1%
1990 43,304−1.2%
2000 42,388−2.1%
2010 39,255−7.4%

HistoryEdit

As with all of Tokushima Prefecture, the area of Awa was part of ancient Awa Province. The Yoshino River valley was settled since at least the Kofun period, and archaeologists have found many kofun burial mounds. During the Edo period, the area was part of the holdings of Tokushima Domain ruled by the Hachisuka clan from their seat at Tokushima Castle. Following the Meiji restoration, it was organized into villages within Awa District and Itano District, Tokushima with the creation of the modern municipalities system on October 1, 1889. The villages of Hisakatsu, Isawa and Hayashi were founded within Awa District on October 1, 1889. Hayashi was raised to town status on November 1, 1928 and Hisakatsu on November 3, 1951. Hayashi, Hisakatsu and Isawa merged to form the town of Awa on March 31, 1955. The city of Awa was established on April 1, 2005, from the merger of the former town of Awa, absorbing the town of Ichiba from Awa District, and the towns of Donari and Yoshino (from Itano District).

GovernmentEdit

Awa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Awa contributes twi members to the Tokushima Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokushima 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Awa is primarily agricultural.

EducationEdit

Awa has ten public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government and two public middle school and four public high schools operated by the Tokushima Prefectural Department of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Awa has no passenger railway service. Awa-Kawashima Station is closest to the city hall, Awa-Yamakawa Station is close to center of former Awa town, and [[Kamojima Station is closest to the center of both former Donari and Yoshino towns.

HighwaysEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Noted people from AwaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Awa city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Mima climate data
  3. ^ Awa population statistics

External linksEdit