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Avigliana (Piedmontese: Vijan-a ; French : Veillane) is a town and comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region or Italy, with 12,480 inhabitants as of January 1, 2017. It lies about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Turin in the Susa valley, on the highway going from Turin to Frejus, France.
|Città di Avigliana|
|Metropolitan city||Turin (TO)|
|Frazioni||Drubiaglio, Milanere, Mortera, Bertassi|
|• Mayor||Andrea Archinà|
|• Total||23.22 km2 (8.97 sq mi)|
|Elevation||383 m (1,257 ft)|
|• Density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. John the Baptist|
|Saint day||June 24|
In 574, the Lombard King Cleph built a castle here. According to some sources, the battle between the Franks of Pippin the Younger and the Lombards of Aistulf occurred in the nearby in 750. Later Avigliana depended from the Abbey of Novalesa, and subsequently it was a possession of the House of Savoy.
Avigliana was captured by Emperor Henry VI in 1187, but later it was acquired by Thomas I of Savoy. In 1536, in the course of the Italian Wars, it was again stormed by French troops. French attacks repeated in 1630 and 1690, the latter ending with the destruction of the castle.
- Ruins of the castle, destroyed in the seventeenth century by the French.
- Church of San Giovanni, with several works by Defendente Ferrari.
- The Romanesque church of San Pietro.
- Natural Park of the Lakes of Avigliana.
Avigliana has two gates on the A32 Bardonecchia-Turin motorway. It has also a station on the Turin-Modane railroad.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.