Avdiivka (Ukrainian: Авдіївка, pronounced [ɑu̯ˈdʲijiu̯kɑ], Avdeevka Russian: Авдеевка) is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. The city is located in center of the region just north from the city of Donetsk. Avdiivka is best known for its big Avdiivka Coke Plant. Officially the town's population is 35,128 (2013 est.); in January 2017 BBC News estimated that the population ranged between 16,000 and 22,000.
|• Head of the military-civilian administration||Yuriy Cherkasov|
|• Total||29 km2 (11 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+380 6236|
War in DonbassEdit
Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast; including Avdiivka. On 21 July, 2014, Ukrainian forces reportedly secured the city from separatists. This claim was repeated the next day. Ukrainian forces kept control of Avdiivka, which became a frontline city and frequently shelled. According to the OSCE the area between Avdiivka and neighboring separatist controlled Yasynuvata is one of the hotspots of the War in Donbass.
In March 2016 the Ukrainian army set up its fortifications in the area "Industrial Zone", until then a buffer zone between the Donetsk People's Republic controlled territories and Ukrainian army controlled Ukraine located in the eastern part Avdiivka. This meant that the pro-Russian separatists no longer had full control of the highway that united their controlled cities Donetsk and Horlivka and that it became more difficult for them to fire at Avdiivka with weapons not prohibited by the Minsk II agreement. Since March 2016 fighting for Avdiivka's "Industrial Zone" greatly intensified.
- Ukrainians: 63.5%
- Russians: 33.7%
- Belarusians: 0.9%
- Greeks: 0.6%
Industry and infrastructureEdit
Heating energy is normally provided via natural gas from the Avdiivka Coke Plant. The plant was damaged and its gas pipe shattered during a bombardment by pro-Russian separatists in January 2017, leaving the town without heating for several days.
Beside Avdiivka Coke, the city has Avdiivka Factory of Metallic Structures, quartz sand quarry and some other factories and industrial centers.
The city has its own tramway service which connects the city's center with Avdiivka Coke Plant. There are three rail stops and the city train station.
The city is conditionally split by a railroad into Old city and settlement "Khimik" (literally: Chemist).
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Ukraine conflict: Evacuation planned in frontline town of Avdiivka, BBC News (31 January 2017)
- Leonid Ragozin. "Putin Is Accidentally Helping Unite Eastern and Western Ukraine - The New Republic". The New Republic. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "TASS: World - Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service". TASS. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "Children run for their lives at beach near Donetsk during mortar fire". Mail Online. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "TASS: World - Ukraine's army launches massive offensive operation on Donetsk". TASS. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "BBC: Ukrainian military 'seizes Avdiivka' in rebel Donetsk stronghold". KyivPost. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Bloomberg: Ukraine pushes for UN peacekeepers, Ukraine Today (21 April 2015)
Ukraine crisis: The factory that has been shelled 165 times, BBC News (17 April 2015)
Civilians Stuck in the Middle of Donbass Horror, Moscow Times (29 July 2015)
- Spike In Fighting In Eastern Ukraine Threatens Fragile Cease-Fire, Radio Free Europe (April 01, 2016)
- (in Ukrainian) Freeze on fire. What happens in Avdiyivka?, Ukrayinska Pravda (31 January 2017)
- Violence flares in war-weary Ukraine as US dithers and Russia pounces, The Guardian (14 February 2017)
- "Ukraine clashes rage for third day, sparking EU concern". Agence France-Presse. 31 January 2017. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017.
An AFP reporter saw the separatists shell the town of about 20,000 people with repeated rounds of Grad multiple rocket systems and artillery fire from the early morning. "Right now, there is no power. We have not resolved problems with heating homes, and the gas pipe has been shattered," local Ukrainian army unit spokeswoman Olena Mokrynchuk told AFP [...] The town's heating is provided by a coke plant that has been heavily damaged by the falling shells. Plant director Musa Magomedov said it would be incredibly difficult to resume gas production were the factory's generators shut down. That would leave Avdiivka without a source of local power and uncertainty about its future.
- http://pda.pravda.com.ua/news/id_7134509/ In Avdiyivka switched to heating mode stable
- "Ukrcensus.gov.ua". ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 9 February 2015.