Avard Tennyson Fairbanks (March 2, 1897 – January 1, 1987) was a prolific 20th-century American sculptor. Three of his sculptures are in the United States Capitol, and the state capitols in both Utah and Wyoming, as well as numerous other locations, also have his works. Possibly his most well-known artistic contribution was designing the ram symbol for Dodge.
Fairbanks (ca. 1914)
Avard Tennyson Fairbanks
March 2, 1897
|Died||January 1, 1987 (aged 89)|
|Resting place||Larkin Sunset Lawn Cemetery|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
|Spouse(s)||Beatrice M. Fox|
|Parent(s)||John B. Fairbanks|
Lillie A. Huish
Fairbanks studied in at the Art Students League of New York beginning at age 13 and the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in the atelier of Jean Antoine Injalbert beginning at age 17. Fairbanks received his bachelor's degree from Yale University and his master's degree from the University of Washington. For three years Fairbanks studied on a Guggenheim Fellowship in Florence, Italy. He received his Ph.D. in anatomy from the University of Michigan. He was also a professor of sculpture at the University of Michigan.
His father was John B. Fairbanks, who was an artist and art professor. His mother, Lilly Annetta Huish, died about a year after he was born. She was a cousin of Orson Pratt Huish. Avard's brother J. Leo Fairbanks was also an artist, and helped Fairbanks start sculpting as a teenager.
From 1926-1928 Fairbanks lived in Italy, along with his wife and four sons, working under a Gugenheim Fellowship. He resided in both Florence and Rome during this period of time. He created a work for Arciconfraternita della Misericordia during this time.
In 1918, Avard worked with his brother J. Leo Fairbanks on friezes for the Laie Hawaii Temple. It was during this time that he married Beatrice Maude Fox in Honolulu, Hawaii. She was a native of Salt Lake City whom he had met in Utah and convinced to come join him in Hawaii so they could marry. This would not be Fairbanks' last connection with temples. 
For a time in the 1920s Fairbanks was a member of the faculty of the University of Oregon. It was while here that he made his Oregon Trail sculpture. Around 1925–26, he designed several bas relief panels, cast in bronze, for large doors of the United States National Bank Building, in Portland. Fairbanks later became a professor at the University of Utah where part of his conservative philosophy was that "modern abstraction was part of an international communist conspiracy."
- Viles, Philip H. Jr., National Statuary Hall: Guidebook for a Walking Tour, Published by Philip H. Viles, Tulsa OK, 1997
- Avard T. Fairbanks, designer of the Dodge Ram symbol and the Plymouth Flying Lady hood ornaments
- Garr et al., Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History, p. 355[full citation needed]
- Church News, September 17, 1994[full citation needed]
- The Life of Avard T. Fairbanks
- Church News, March 6, 1993[full citation needed]
- James A. Toronto, Eric R. Dursteler and Michael W. Homer, Mormons in the Piazza: The Latter-day Saints in Italy (Salt Lake City and Provo: Deseret Book Company and Brigham Young University Religious Studies center, 2017), p. 201
- Goode, James M., The Outdoor Sculpture of Washington, D.C.: A Comprehensive Historical Guide, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1974 p. 421
- Church News, April 4, 1992[full citation needed]
- Greenthal, Kozol, Rameirez & Fairbanks, American Figurative Sculpture in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 1986
- John M. Tess (December 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form: United States National Bank Building" (PDF). National Park Service. Item Number 7, p. 2. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- Gergts, William, introduction, essays by Vern G. Swanson, Robert S. Olpin, William C. Seifrit, Utah Painting and Sculpture, Gibbs, Smith Publishing. Salt Lake City, 1997p. 143
- Fairbanks, Eugene F., A Sculptor's Testimony in Bronze and Stone: Sacred Sculpture by Avard T. Fairbanks, Publishers Press, Salt Lake City, 1972, p. 4
- Top, Brent L., "The Miracle of the Mormon Pavilion: The Church at the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair" in Porter, Larry C., Milton V. Backman Jr. and Susan Easton Black, ed., Regional Studies in Latter-day Saint History: New York (Provo: BYU Department of Church History and Doctrine, 1992) p. 245
- Fairbanks, Eugene F. (1994) , A Sculptor's Testimony in Bronze and Stone: the Sacred Sculpture of Avard T. Fairbanks (Rev. ed.), Salt Lake City, Utah: Fairbanks Art and Books (printer: Publishers Press), ISBN 0-916095-58-4, OCLC 32926833.
- Avard Fairbanks, Utah Artists Project, University of Utah
- Oman, Richard G. (1992), "Sculptors", in Ludlow, Daniel H, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, New York: Macmillan Publishing, pp. 1285–1286, ISBN 0-02-879602-0, OCLC 24502140
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