Puerto Rican Autonomist Party

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The Puerto Rican Autonomist Party (Spanish: Partido Autonomista Puertorriqueño[1]) was a political party in Puerto Rico founded in 1887.[2][3] The Party was founded in Ponce, Puerto Rico, and its first chairman was Román Baldorioty de Castro.[4] He was followed by Martin Corchado, a prominent physician from Ponce.[5] Juan Hernández López was one of the co-authors of its program in 1897.[6]

The Party sought to establish an independent government for Puerto Rico under the Spanish colonial system. The party advocated self-rule, but not independence from Spain. It envisioned decentralised control by Spain, and the strongest possible local government.[7]

To provide a voice for the Autonomist Party, Luis Muñoz Rivera, one of its founders, founded the newspaper La Democracia (The Democracy). In it, he argued for Puerto Rican independence, denounced the injustices of the Spanish regime, and lobbied for the support of one of the main political parties in Spain to fulfill the goals of the Autonomist party.[8]

In 1897 the Party joined with the less conservative but still monarchist Spanish Liberal Fusionist Party of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta, becoming the Liberal Fusionist Party of Puerto Rico. Some members in the Autonomist party who were opposed to any kind of alliance with Spanish political parties left to form the Pure and Orthodox Liberal Party, with Jose Celso Barbosa as its leader.[9]


  1. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 12.
  2. ^ "Delegación del Partido Autonomista Puertorriqueño". La democracia. 22 December 1891. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  3. ^ Municipalities/Ponce/Founding & History. Archived 2012-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Founded by Roman Baldorioty de Castro in 1887". Archived from the original on 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
  5. ^ Luis Munoz Rivera: Los Vaivenes de un politico. Archived 2010-07-17 at the Wayback Machine Jaime Oliver Marqués. FOCUS. Volume III, No. 2, (2004) pp. 31-48) Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  6. ^ Biografía de Juan Hernández López on SenadoPR
  7. ^ America's Colony: The Political and Cultural Conflict between the United and Puerto Rico by Pedro A. Malavet. Page 55
  8. ^ Hispanic Americans in Congress
  9. ^ America's Colony: The Political and Cultural Conflict between the United and Puerto Rico. Pedro A. Malavet. Page 56. Retrieved 19 November 2011.