Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren

Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren (French pronunciation: ​[otvjɛl sɛ̃ maʁtɛ̃ bidʁɛn]; Occitan: Autivièla, Sent Martin e Vidèren; Basque: Autile) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
The Saison river in Autevielle
The Saison river in Autevielle
Location of Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren is located in France
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren
Coordinates: 43°23′29″N 0°58′15″W / 43.3914°N 0.9708°W / 43.3914; -0.9708Coordinates: 43°23′29″N 0°58′15″W / 43.3914°N 0.9708°W / 43.3914; -0.9708
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementOloron-Sainte-Marie
CantonOrthez et Terres des Gaves et du Sel
IntercommunalityCC Béarn Gaves
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Patrick Balesta
Area
1
6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
205
 • Density34/km2 (88/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64083 /64390
Elevation37–197 m (121–646 ft)
(avg. 65 m or 213 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren is located some 20 km south-west of Orthez and 9 km north-east of Saint-Palais. Access to the commune is by road D936 from Abitain in the north which passes through the length of the commune and the village then continues east. The D246 goes west from the village to join the D134 west of the commune. The D140 goes south from the village to Osserain-Rivareyte. The west of the commune is mostly forest while the east is mostly farmland.[2]

The Gave d'Oloron forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave de Pau forming the Gaves réunis at Peyrehorade. The Saison flows through the commune from the south-west and joins the Gave d'Oloron on the north-western border.[2]

Places and hamletsEdit

  • Arrécot
  • Autevielle
  • Les Bains
  • Barthou
  • Bideren
  • Le Bosc
  • Le Camou
  • Les Campagnes
  • Le Château
  • Les Gats
  • Gerberu
  • Hau
  • Héouga
  • Hyeyte[3]
  • L’Île
  • Labie
  • Laborde
  • Lagouardette
  • Les Partilles
  • Petit
  • Saint-Martin

[4]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

[2]

ToponymyEdit

The name Autevielle in béarnais is Autivièla.

The name Bideren in béarnais is Vidèren.

For the name Autevielle Michel Grosclaude proposed two Latin origins: alta villa ("high town") or Altina villa ("Domain of Altinus").[5]

For the name Bideren Michel Grosclaude proposed a probable origin of the man's name Vital with the gascon suffix -enh.[5]

For the name Saint-Martin Michel Grosclaude indicated that it undoubtedly came from the Bishop of Tours - Martin of Tours.[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Autevielle Autebiele 1379 Raymond
17
Chapter Village
Autebiele 1385 Grosclaude Census
Lo passadge d'Autebielle 1442 Raymond
17
Contracts
Le pont d'Autabiela 1542 Raymond
17
Reformation
Autavielle 1546 Raymond
17
Reformation
Authevielle 1728 Raymond
17
Denombrement
Hautevielle 1750 Cassini
Bideren Lo pont de Bideren 1342 Raymond
31
Bayonne Village
Videren 1385 Raymond
31
Census
Saint-Jacques de Biderein 1674 Raymond
31
Insinuations
Bidezen 1793 EHESS
31
Bideren 1750 Cassini
Bidéren 1863 Raymond
31
Saint-Martin Sent-Marti 1376 Raymond
150
Military Village
Sent-Marthin 1379 Raymond
150
Béarn
Sent-Marthii de Garanhoo 1385 Raymond
150
Census
Barrailla Barrailla 1863 Raymond
21
Spring of mineral water
Castéra La mota aperade lo Casteras 1547 Raymond
44
Bearn Motte-and-bailey castle on the border of Bearn and Mixe country
Castéra 1863 Raymond
44
Haubis Haubis 1863 Raymond
76
Place
Hyeyte la Hüte de Sent-Marthii 1385 Raymond
78
Census Farm
La Fieyta de Sanct-Martii, Lafiite, la Hieyta 1538 Raymond
78
Reformation
La Fieyte 1546 Raymond
78
Reformation
La Hiete 1588 Raymond
78
Reformation
La Hiette 1863 Raymond
78
Nolivos Noliboos 1544 Raymond
123
Béarn Farm

Sources:

Origins:

  • Chapter: Chapter of Autevielle[8]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[9]
  • Contracts: Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn[10]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[11]
  • Denombrement: Denombremont of Gassion[12]
  • Bayonne: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne[13]
  • Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron[14]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[15]
  • Béarn: Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn[16]

HistoryEdit

Paul Raymond noted that in 1385 Autevielle and Saint-Martin together had 11 fires with 8 fires at Bideren. They depended on the bailiwick of Sauveterre.

The communes of Autevielle, Saint-Martin, and Bideren merged on 18 April 1842.[3]

AdministrationEdit

List of successive Mayors of Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren[17]
In office Name Party
1989 2014 Fernand Lavigne UMP
2014 2026 Patrick Balesta

Inter-communalityEdit

The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the Communauté de communes du Béarn des Gaves;
  • the inter-communal social action centre of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the SIGOM;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water from the Saleys and the gaves;
  • the inter-communal association of the gaves and the Saleys;

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 205 inhabitants. The population data given in the table and graph below include the former communes of Saint-Martin and Bideren, absorbed in 1842.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 364—    
1800 309−2.31%
1806 306−0.16%
1821 404+1.87%
1831 376−0.72%
1836 416+2.04%
1841 425+0.43%
1846 400−1.21%
1851 396−0.20%
1856 386−0.51%
1861 383−0.16%
1866 371−0.63%
1872 323−2.28%
1876 328+0.38%
1881 513+9.36%
1886 374−6.12%
1891 364−0.54%
1896 389+1.34%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 375−0.73%
1906 362−0.70%
1911 332−1.72%
1921 327−0.15%
1926 320−0.43%
1931 282−2.50%
1936 280−0.14%
1946 272−0.29%
1954 237−1.71%
1962 204−1.86%
1968 177−2.34%
1975 164−1.08%
1982 164+0.00%
1990 205+2.83%
1999 121−5.69%
2007 144+2.20%
2012 212+8.04%
2017 205−0.67%
Source: EHESS[18][7][19] and INSEE[20]

EconomyEdit

Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritageEdit

Religious heritageEdit

The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:

  • The Parish Church of Saint Martin (1896) [21]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  5. ^ a b c d Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  7. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bideren, EHESS. (in French)
  8. ^ Chapter of Autevielle E. 2078 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Chapter of Bayonne in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  14. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  16. ^ Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  17. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  18. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren, EHESS. (in French)
  19. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Martin, EHESS. (in French)
  20. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000672 Parish Church of Saint Martin (in French)