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The Krone (pl. Kronen) was the currency of Austria (then known as German-Austria) and Liechtenstein after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1919) until the introduction of the Schilling (1925) and the Franken, respectively.
|Österreichische Krone (in German)|
|Banknotes||1 Krone, 2, 10, 20, 100, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 50 000, 100 000 and 500 000 Kronen|
|Coins||100, 200, 1000 Kronen|
(20, 100 Kronen gold coins)
|Central bank||Oesterreichisch-ungarische Bank, Oesterreichische Nationalbank|
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.
Coins included 20 and 100 Krone gold coins minted with the same standard as their Austro-Hungarian krone counterparts.
To ease the introduction of the new currency, 100, 200 and 1000 Krone coins were minted right before 1925 with the same parameters as the equivalent Groschen coins (1, 2 and 10 Groschen) that replaced them.
According to the provisions of the Treaty of St. Germain the newly created Republic of Austria had to overstamp the old paper money of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire still circulating in its territory, then had to replace the overstamped banknotes with new ones, and finally had to introduce an entirely new currency.
To fulfil the first step, circulating banknotes were overstamped with the inscription DEUTSCHÖSTERREICH, and new banknotes were also issued with this feature. Later, still under the name Oesterreichisch-ungarische Bank, banknotes were printed using the German-language clichés on both sides – and still bearing the DEUTSCHÖSTERREICH inscription. From 1920 on a new stamp appeared on banknotes: "Ausgegeben nach dem 4. Oktober 1920".
In 1922 a new series of Krone banknotes was introduced with a completely new design to fulfil the second step. The series contained 1 Krone, 2, 10, 20, 100, 1000, 5000, 50 000, 100 000 and 500 000 Kronen, later 10 000 Kronen (1 000 000 Kronen was planned but not issued).
In 1925, as the third step, the new Schilling banknotes were emitted.
Historic exchange rates and pricesEdit
- Yust, W. (1956). Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge. Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 504. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
... 1922 the Austrian krone was worth only about one twelve-thousandth of its prewar value. The small value of the currency unit made the use of the krone impracticable, and in 1925 a new currency, the schilling, divided into 100 groschen, was ...
- Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung, 15 March 1921