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The Austrian Red Cross (German: Österreichisches Rotes Kreuz, ÖRK) is the national Red Cross Organization in Austria and is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It was established on March 14, 1880 by Doctor Adam Lichtenheld of the Vienna General Hospital and is the biggest aid agency in the country.

Austrian Red Cross
Logo Österreichisches Rotes Kreuz.svg
FormationMarch 14, 1880; 139 years ago (1880-03-14)
PurposeHumanitarian Aid
HeadquartersVienna, Austria
Gerald Schöpfer
Main organ
General Assembly
Parent organization
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies



Its duties contain:

By far, most staff members are volunteers (about 74.000 in 2018), but there are professional employees as well as drafted Zivildiener, which are conscientious objectors forced to serve up to nine months time in medical service, instead of military service.[1]

Presidents of the ÖRKEdit

Emblem of the Austrian Red Cross in Innsbruck
  • Karl Baron of Tinti (1880–1884)
  • Franz Earl Falkenhayn (1885–1898)
  • Prince Alois von Schönburg-Hartenstein (1899–1913)
  • Rudolf Earl of Abensperg-Traun (1913–1919)
  • Max Vladimir Eck (1919–1938)
  • Adolf Pilz (1945)
  • Karl Seitz (1946–1950)
  • Burghard Breitner (1950–1956)
  • Hans Lauda (1956–1974)
  • Heinrich Treichl (1974–1999)
  • Fredy Mayer (1999-2013)
  • Gerald Schöpfer (since 2013)

National OrganisationEdit

The organisation persists of 9 subordinate national organisations, all are their own entities but are bound to the basic principles of the Austrian Red Cross. This has historical reasons, the national organisation originated out of many small, local aid organisations.

These consist of totally 142 district offices and 956 local offices.


  1. ^ Kreuz, Österreichisches Rotes. "Rotes Kreuz: Freiwillige Mitarbeit". (in German). Retrieved 2019-06-07.

External linksEdit