Open main menu

Australian non-residential architectural styles

Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than residence and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788.

Their distribution follows closely the establishment and growth of the different colonies of Australia, in that the earliest colonial buildings can be found in New South Wales and Tasmania.

The classifications set out below are derived from a leading Australian text.[1]

Contents

Old Colonial Period (1788–c. 1840)Edit

  • Old Colonial Georgian; Old Colonial Regency; Old Colonial Grecian; Old Colonial Gothic Picturesque

GeorgianEdit

RegencyEdit

GrecianEdit

Gothic PicturesqueEdit

Victorian period (c. 1840c. 1890)Edit

The Victorian period, generally aligned with the reign of Queen Victoria, covers the period from c. 1840 to c. 1890 and comprises fifteen styles, all prefaced by the word "Victorian", and are namely, in loose chronological order, Georgian, Regency, Egyptian, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filigree, Mannerist, Second Empire, Italianate, Romanesque, Byzantine, Academic Gothic, Free Gothic, Tudor, Rustic Gothic, and Carpenter Gothic.

Victorian GeorgianEdit

Victorian RegencyEdit

Victorian EgyptianEdit

Victorian Academic ClassicalEdit

Victorian Free ClassicalEdit

Victorian FiligreeEdit

Victorian ManneristEdit

Notable examples in Australia include: Culwulla Chambers (Sydney); Old Police Station, The Rocks Block Arcade (Melbourne); Stalbridge Chambers (Melbourne), National Bank Pall Mall (Bendigo); RESI Chambers (Melbourne); Lygon Buildings, Medley Hall (Carlton, Victoria); Former Money Order Post Office and Savings Bank (Melbourne); Mutual Store (Melbourne);

Victorian Second EmpireEdit

Notable examples include: Sydney Town Hall (Sydney); Hotel Windsor (Melbourne); Princess Theatre (Melbourne); Former Records Office (Melbourne); Melbourne General Post Office (Melbourne); Melbourne Town Hall (Melbourne); East Melbourne Synagogue (East Melbourne, Victoria); Royal Exhibition Building (Carlton, Victoria); Collingwood Town Hall (Collingwood, Victoria); South Melbourne Town Hall (South Melbourne, Victoria); Malvern Town Hall (Malvern, Victoria); Former Rechabite Hall (Prahran, Victoria); Brunswick Town Hall (Brunswick, Victoria); Camberwell Town Hall (Camberwell, Victoria); Bendigo Town Hall (Bendigo, Victoria); Shamrock Hotel (Bendigo Victoria); Bendigo Courthouse (Bendigo, Victoria); Bendigo Post Office (Bendigo, Victoria); Institute of Technology (Bendigo, Victoria); Queensland Parliament House (Brisbane)

Victorian ItalianateEdit

Victorian RomanesqueEdit

Victorian Renaissance RevivalEdit

Victorian ByzantineEdit

Victorian Academic GothicEdit

Victorian Free GothicEdit

Victorian Tudor (Jacobethan)Edit

Victorian Rustic GothicEdit

Victorian Carpenter GothicEdit

Edwardian period (c. 1890s–1910)Edit

Edwardian architecture is generally less ornate than high or late Victorian architecture,[20] apart from a subset - used for major buildings - known as Edwardian Baroque architecture.

Edwardian BaroqueEdit

Notable examples include the Lands Administration Building in Brisbane, the Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne (main pavilion, now Queen Victoria Women's Centre), the Commonwealth Offices, Treasury Place, Melbourne, the Department of Education building in Sydney (1912)[21] and the General Post Office in Hobart.

Federation period (c. 1890c. 1915)Edit

12 styles, each style name prefaced by "Federation":

Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filigree, Anglo-Dutch, Romanesque, Gothic, Carpenter Gothic, Warehouse, Queen Anne, Free Style, Arts and Crafts, Bungalow

Federation Academic ClassicalEdit

Federation Free ClassicalEdit

Notable examples include: Sydney Hospital (Sydney), Taronga Zoo Pavilion (Sydney), the main terminus building of the Central railway station in Sydney,[22] Flinders Street station (Melbourne), Sacred Heart Church (St Kilda, Victoria), Read's Emporium (Prahran, Victoria), Old Royal Hotel (Williamstown, Victoria), the former Queensland Lands Administration Building (Brisbane).

Federation Second EmpireEdit

Federation FiligreeEdit

Federation Anglo-DutchEdit

Federation RomanesqueEdit

Federation GothicEdit

Federation Carpenter GothicEdit

Federation WarehouseEdit

Federation Queen AnneEdit

Federation Free StyleEdit

Federation Arts and CraftsEdit

Federation BungalowEdit

Inter-War period (c. 1915–'c. 1940)Edit

16 styles, each style name prefaced by "Inter-War":

Georgian Revival, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Beaux-Arts, Stripped Classical, Commercial Palazzo, Mediterranean, Spanish Mission, Chicagoesque, Functionalist & Modern, Art-Deco, Skyscraper Gothic, Romanesque, Interwar Gothic, Old English, California Bungalow

Inter-war Georgian RevivalEdit

Inter-war Academic ClassicalEdit

Inter-war Free ClassicalEdit

Inter-war Beaux ArtsEdit

Inter-war Stripped ClassicalEdit

Inter-war Commercial PalazzoEdit

Inter-war MediterraneanEdit

Inter-war Art DecoEdit

Federation Skyscraper GothicEdit

Inter-war ChicagoesqueEdit

Inter-war Functionalist & ModerneEdit

Interwar GothicEdit

Inter-war Old English (20th Century Tudorbethan)Edit

Federation Functionalist & ModerneEdit

The functionist and moderne style often used combinations of blonde and brown bricks in linear vertical or horizontal patterns. Notable examples include: Museum of Contemporary Art (Sydney); Captain's Flat Hotel (NSW); Russell Street Police Headquarters (Melbourne); Astor Theatre (St Kilda, Victoria); Ballarat Law Courts (Ballarat);

Post-War Period (c. 1940–1960)Edit

5 styles, each style name prefaced by "Post-War":

Ecclesiastical, International, Modern

EcclesiasticalEdit

InternationalEdit

ModernEdit

Late Twentieth-Century Period 1960–2000Edit

14 styles, each style name prefaced by "Late Twentieth Century":

Stripped Classical, Ecclesiastical, International, Organic, Brutalist, Structuralist, Late Modern, Post Modern, Immigrants' Nostalgic

Stripped ClassicalEdit

InternationalEdit

OrganicEdit

BrutalistEdit

Notable examples include: Sydney Masonic Centre/Civic Tower (Sydney); AAPT Centre (Sydney); Sydney Law School (Sydney); Cameron Offices (Canberra); High Court of Australia (Canberra); State Library of Queensland (Brisbane); Queensland Performing Arts Centre (Brisbane); Law Courts (Brisbane); Suncorp Metway Plaza (Brisbane); National Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne); Total carpark (Melbourne); World Trade Center (Melbourne); Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Pool (Malvern, Victoria); St Kilda Public Library (St Kilda, Victoria); Plumbing Trades Employees Union of Australia Building (Melbourne); University of Melbourne Faculty of Engineering (Melbourne); Metropolitan Fire Brigade (East Melbourne, Victoria); R.A.W. Woodgate Centre (Kew, Victoria); UTS Tower (University of Technology, Sydney); St Anthony's Church (Marsfield, Sydney). See Category:Brutalist architecture in Australia.

StructuralistEdit

Late ModernEdit

Post ModernEdit

A subset of postmodernism is mock-historicism tries to imitate historic styles using modern materials to the point where it is difficult to tell them apart from historic buildings. The most imitated styles are those that are easiest to clone (including the Georgian style).

DeconstructivistEdit

Notable examples include Green Building RMIT; Deakin University main building; Australian Centre for Contemporary Art; Gottlieb House (Melbourne)

Immigrant's NostalgicEdit

21st-century architectureEdit

Several new and continued 20th-century styles, all prefaced with "21st-century" - Deconstructivist, Post modern, Structuralist, Sustainable, Modern

DeconstructivistEdit

Notable examples include Fed Square; Shrine of Remembrance crypt; Sofo House (Melbourne) Swan Bells (Perth)

Post ModernEdit

StructuralistEdit

Advanced structuralism facilitated by Computer Aided Design

SustainableEdit

Notable examples in Australia include: 60L (Melbourne); CH2 (Melbourne); K2 Apartments (Windsor, Victoria); Dunc Gray Velodrome (Sydney); Forest EcoCentre (Tasmania); Rozak House (Noonamah, Northern Territory).

Green buildingEdit

ModernEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Apperly, Richard; Irving, Robert; Reynolds, Peter (1989). A pictorial guide to identifying Australian architecture (Paperback, 1994 ed.). Sydney, Australia: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-207-18562-5.
  2. ^ "Ballarat Railway Complex". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Council of Victoria. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Brisbane Customs House (former) (entry 600156)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Fitzroy Town Hall". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Council of Victoria. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  5. ^ Hutchinson, David (1987). Fremantle Town Hall, 1887-1987. City of Fremantle. ISBN 0731602005.
  6. ^ "Goulburn Court House and Residence". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Architects of South Australia - Architect Details - Frost, Thomas". Architects of South Australia. Architecture Museum, University of South Australia. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  8. ^ "North Sydney Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01417. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Paddington Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01418. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Paddington Town Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00561. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  11. ^ "General Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00763. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  12. ^ Thalis, Philip; Cantril, Peter John (2013). Public Sydney: Drawing the City. Sydney, Australia: Historic Houses Trust and Content, Faculty of Built Environment, University of New South Wales, Australia. pp. 112–117. ISBN 9781876991425.
  13. ^ "Gresham Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00291. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Sydney Trades Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00322. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Police Station (former) - Australian Craftworks Gallery". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01571. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Glebe Town Hall Including Interior Fence and Grounds". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Lands Department Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage.
  18. ^ "Bank of NSW". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00080. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Great Synagogue". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01710. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Bricks & Brass: Edwardian Style". Bricksandbrass.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  21. ^ "Department of Education Building". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Central Railway Station and Sydney Terminal Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  23. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  24. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  25. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  26. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  27. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  28. ^ "Sydney Architecture Images- Newtown Post Office". sydneyarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  29. ^ "Corn Exchange". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01619. Retrieved 14 October 2018.

External linksEdit