Austin Catholic Preparatory School

Austin Catholic Preparatory School was an all–male, non–residential college preparatory school in Detroit, Michigan. Austin was "one of the city's most widely respected schools."[1] The school was founded in 1951 and operated by the Roman Catholic Order of Augustinians. Its first class graduated in 1956. Austin was closed in 1978 due to declining enrollment and a desire by the Augustinians to sell the school's property.

Austin Catholic Preparatory School
Austin Catholic Preparatory School Logo.png
Address
18300 East Warren Avenue

,
48224

United States
Coordinates42°24′34″N 82°54′56″W / 42.40944°N 82.91556°W / 42.40944; -82.91556Coordinates: 42°24′34″N 82°54′56″W / 42.40944°N 82.91556°W / 42.40944; -82.91556
Information
TypePrivate, All-Male
MottoTolle Lege
(Take and Read)
Religious affiliation(s)Roman Catholic,
Augustinians
Founded1951
Opened1952
Statusclosed
Closed1978
Grades9-12
Color(s)Black and White         
Fight songThe Glory of the Black and White
NicknameAustin Friars
NewspaperThe Friar
YearbookMagistro
Graduates3,212

Throughout its existence, Austin functioned in an unremarkable, austere, cinder block and brick building on an eleven-acre site at the corner of East Warren Avenue and Canyon Street on the far east side of Detroit, adjacent to the Grosse Pointes. Its spartan facilities included a gymnasium, library, and chapel, but no auditorium, swimming pool, track, or football stadium. Drawing most of its students from Detroit and the eastern suburbs, by its closing Austin had graduated 3,212 young men.

Insignia and MottoEdit

 
Crest of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, showing pelicans and lilies

Austin's insignia displays a bishop's mitre at the top, referring to the episcopal status of St. Augustine of Hippo, patron of the Augustinians. Below the mitre are the words TOLLE LEGE ("take and read"), from an incident described by Augustine in his Confessions leading to his conversion to Christianity. The middle of the shield is divided into two halves: the right half showing a lily and the year 388 A.D., and the left half a pelican and the year 1250 A.D. The lily and pelican are perhaps borrowed from the crest of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, which stands on the site of the 13th-Century priory of the Austin Friars.[2] A pelican, which in medieval legend fed her young with her own blood and so came to represent the Holy Eucharist, also appears in the crest of the Augustinian saint, Thomas of Villanova.[3] As to the years in the insignia, St. Augustine arranged a community of prayer at his North African estate in 388,[4] and 1250 is the approximate year that the Austin Friars were established in England, and thus in the English-speaking world.[5]

PrincipalsEdit

 
Augustine of Hippo
1952-1954 Rev. John Fitzmaurice, O.S.A.
1954-1965 Rev. John Galloway, O.S.A.
1965-1967 Rev. John McLaughlin, O.S.A.
1967-1974 Rev. Albert Hillebrand, O.S.A.
1974-1978 Rev. Lawrence P. Dore, O.S.A.

AcademicsEdit

According to a study by the University of Michigan, Austin sent more than 90 percent of its graduates on to college.[6] Austin was accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools,[7] and had chapters of the National Honors Society and Quill and Scroll.

YearbookEdit

Austin's Yearbook, Magistro, shared a title with one of St. Augustine's treatises, De Magistro ("On the Teacher"); a dialogue between Augustine and his teenage son, Adeodatus.[8]

AthleticsEdit

Rival SchoolsEdit

Austin's teams played in the Central Division of the Catholic High School League, along with five other all-boys schools: Brother Rice, De La Salle, Catholic Central, University of Detroit High School, and Notre Dame High School (Harper Woods, Michigan). Its main rival was De La Salle, which was the Catholic League Detroit school closest to it in size and location. League rivals from the 50s and 60s included Detroit's St. Joseph's High School, Detroit Cathedral High School, and Salesian High School.

Varsity SportsEdit

Austin offered a range of varsity sports, including football, basketball, baseball, golf, tennis, track and field, swimming, and ice hockey.

Tennis ChampionshipsEdit

The Friars won the state of Michigan boys tennis championship in 1966 and 1974 in Class A, and in 1976 in Class B.

FootballEdit

 
Austin's Home Football Field at Grosse Pointe South High School

Austin did not have its own football stadium but played home games at the capacious and well-kept field of nearby Grosse Pointe South High School. Fielding football teams between 1954-1977 (with the exception of 1965), Austin's all-time record was 66-105-6.[9] Austin was barred from fielding any level of football for the 1965 season, after a number of players and coaches were caught in an illegal pre-season practice in Sarnia, Ontario, in violation of Catholic High School League rules.[10] The head coach was dismissed, and a lawsuit brought by a number of parents to save the season was unsuccessful.[11] Austin's varsity football team enjoyed an 8-1 record in 1976, its best year.

BasketballEdit

 
Austin's 1958 State Championship Basketball Team, Dave DeBusschere in right center

Austin's basketball program was highly successful, resulting in eight league championships, and a statewide Class-A championship in 1958.[12] Led by Dave DeBusschere, later a professional basketball player, Austin's 1958 record was 10-0. DeBusschere may have started the "White Shirted Legion" at Austin: the tradition of wearing white shirts to the school's games, so as to make fans more visible.[citation needed] From 1955-1978 Austin's all-time basketball record was 146-76.[13]

Fight Song and Victory SongEdit

Austin's fight song was The Glory of the Black and White. Published in 1954, it was composed by H. O'Reilly Clint,[14] who also wrote the music to the official state anthem My Michigan. The lyrics of Austin's song were:

Let's root for dear old Austin,
to ev'ry Friar let our hearts be true.
Three cheers and then,
three cheers again.
Victory belongs to you.
Rah! Rah! Rah!
Give all you have for Austin.
Hold that line with all your might.
Let ev'ry rafter ring as united we sing
of THE GLORY OF THE BLACK AND WHITE.

Austin also had The Victory Song! by Robert ver Haeghe[15]

Austin fight with all your might:
Lead us on to victory Black and White,
we'll win tonight;
Keep our Alma Mater free.
We shall be loyal to you
Our light will shine thru and thru.
So Austinites, let's fight with all our might:
lead us on to victory!

ClosingEdit

 
Austin Commemorative Plaque, St. Clare's Church, Grosse Pointe Park, MI

Decline of Student PoolEdit

Detroit's loss of population accelerated after the city's 1967 race riots. This lessened the demographic pool of Catholic boys in a large segment of Austin's east-side catchment area. Excellent public high schools in the neighboring Grosse Pointe communities also siphoned away boys who would otherwise have attended Austin.

Reasons for Closure Given by AugustiniansEdit

As late as July 1977, Austin was advertising in a metropolitan-Detroit-wide newspaper for applicants for grades 9-12, touting its college prep curriculum and art and music programs, among other attractions.[16] At the start of the 1977-78 academic year, Austin had an enrollment of 427 boys and charged tuition of approximately $900 per year.[17] In late October 1977, however, the faculty and students were surprised by a letter from the Midwest Province of the Augustinians, announcing that the school would be closed the following year. The letter cited declining enrollment and the availability of fewer teachers from within the Augustinian Order. Besides Austin, the Midwest Province operated four other high schools in the central part of the United States: Cascia Hall Preparatory School in Tulsa, Oklahoma; Mendel Catholic High School and St. Rita of Cascia High School in Chicago, Illinois, and Providence Catholic High School in New Lenox, Illinois. The Order decided that one of the four high schools needed to be closed, and chose Austin due to declining enrollment and its being located in an area that—at the time—was served by other Catholic high schools. The letter stated that to survive Austin would need to double its enrollment in the coming years, an outcome the Order did not think realistic.[18]

Efforts to Keep Austin OpenEdit

Before the end of November, a group of parents formed a committee to attempt to keep the school open. The committee met with representatives of the Augustinians, and reportedly came away with a promise that the parents could lease the school if they committed to keeping their sons enrolled. A spokesman for the parents committee said after the meeting: "We're all charged. We think we can do it. We think we can cut it."[19] In March 1978, however, the Augustinian Provincial Council in Chicago rejected the promise of a lease, instead demanding that the property be purchased at market value, estimated to be over two million dollars. Neither the parents nor the Archdiocese of Detroit were capable of making such a purchase. Speaking for the Archdiocese, John Cardinal Dearden, the archbishop of Detroit, said "We deeply regret the outcome of the discussions [with the Augustinian Provincial Council]. We supported the initiative taken by the group of concerned parents . . . up to this time we had been hopeful that those efforts would be successful."[20]

Final ClassEdit

Austin closed during the summer of 1978 and most of its remaining students dispersed to other high schools. Ten upperclassmen, however, competed their studies in connection with Austin under accelerated courses, and are considered Austin's final class, of 1979.

Actions by Austin's Rival SchoolsEdit

By 2005, Austin's brother-institution Notre Dame high school had also closed due to declining enrollment from its east-side catchment area. De La Salle and Catholic Central high schools had long-before vacated Detroit for suburban locations. Among Austin's brother-schools, only the Jesuit-operated University of Detroit High School chose to continue its educational mission within the city.

Disposition of PropertyEdit

The Augustinians sold Austin's property for other uses. The renovated former Austin building now houses Riverview Health & Rehab Center North, which offers short-term rehabilitation and long-term skilled nursing care.[21]

Austin Catholic High SchoolEdit

In 2011, a new coeducational institution called Austin Catholic High School opened in Ray Township, 18 miles north of Detroit in Macomb County, where a significant growth of Catholic population had occurred within the Detroit Metropolitan Area.[22]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Notable alumniEdit

AcademiaEdit

  • Eugene J. Fisher, Distinguished Professor of Catholic-Jewish Studies at St. Leo University, and Executive Secretary for Catholic-Jewish Relations at the Secretariat for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. He "holds the distinction of playing a central role in every turning point in Catholic-Jewish relations for the last three decades."[23]
  • Kevin Boyle,[24][circular reference] historian, William Smith Mason Professor of American History at Northwestern University. His 2004 book, Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age, won the National Book Award.

AthleticsEdit

MusicEdit

PoliticsEdit

  • William B. Fitzgerald, Jr., Majority Leader of the Senate, Michigan Legislature. The youngest Senate majority leader in state history, and the only Senate majority leader to have been selected for the post while still a member of the State House of Representatives; before he was officially sworn in as a senator.[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Austin Prep School to Close Next Year ("Widely Respected"). [1] Detroit Free Press, p. 4-A, 1 November 1977.
  2. ^ England: Cambridge. Archived 2016-03-16 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  3. ^ Thomas of Villanova.[permanent dead link] Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  4. ^ Thagaste community. Archived 2015-10-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ England: London. Archived 2015-12-07 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  6. ^ Austin Prep to Cease Operation. The Grosse Pointe News, p.1, 3 November 1977. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  7. ^ Lovejoy, Clarence E., Lovejoy's prep school guide: independent, private, nonpublic institutions, boarding and day. [2] New York: Simon and Schuster, 1968, 3d rev. ed., p. 130.
  8. ^ On the Teacher. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  9. ^ All Time Michigan High School Football Scores. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  10. ^ Austin High Barred from Grid League.[3] Detroit Free Press, p. 1-A, 24 August 1965.
  11. ^ Banning of Austin Upheld. [4] Detroit Free Press, p. 33, 3 September 1965.
  12. ^ In a long-awaited clash of titans Dave DeBusschere and Chet Walker, the supporting casts for Detroit Austin and Benton Harbor played prominent roles in the 1958 Final act. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  13. ^ Detroit Austin Friars. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  14. ^ The Glory of the Black and White. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  15. ^ The Victory Song!. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  16. ^ Advertisement for Applicants. [5] Detroit Free Press, p. 6-B, 27 July 1977.
  17. ^ Austin Prep School to Close Next Year (Enrollment and Tuition). [6] Detroit Free Press, p. 4-A, 1 November 1977.
  18. ^ Austin Prep School to Close Next Year (Details of Closing). [7] Detroit Free Press, p. 4-A, 1 November 1977.
  19. ^ Pupils with a Promise. [8] Detroit Free Press, p. 3-A, 22 November 1977.
  20. ^ Austin to close in June. [9] Detroit Free Press, p. 3-A, 13 March 1978.
  21. ^ Riverview North. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  22. ^ Austin Catholic High School Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  23. ^ 2007 Bernardin Award [10] Archived 2015-11-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  24. ^ Kevin Boyle (historian)
  25. ^ William B. Fitzgerald Jr. Obituary [11] Archived 2016-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "The Grosse Pointe News" Retrieved 25 October 2015.

Further readingEdit

  • Binelli, Mark (2012). Detroit City Is the Place to Be: The Afterlife of an American Metropolis. Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0805092295.
  • Clemens, Paul (2005). Made in Detroit: A South of 8 Mile Memoir. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385511407.
  • Darden, Joe T. (2013). Detroit: Race Riots, Racial Conflicts, and Efforts to Bridge the Racial Divide. Michigan State University Press. ISBN 978-1611860665.
  • Heft, James L. (2011). Catholic High Schools: Facing the New Realities. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199796656.
  • LeDuff, Charlie (2014). Detroit: An American Autopsy. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0143124467.
  • Maraniss, David (2015). Once in a Great City: A Detroit Story. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1476748382.

External linksEdit

Alumni and MemorabiliaEdit

AugustiniansEdit

Dave DeBusschereEdit