Austhorpe

Austhorpe is a civil parish and residential suburb of east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is 5 miles (8.0 km) to the east of city centre and close to the A6120 dual carriageway (Leeds Outer Ring Road) and the M1 motorway.[1]

Austhorpe
Austhorpe 1.jpg
Housing on Kingswear Crescent
Austhorpe is located in Leeds
Austhorpe
Austhorpe
Austhorpe is located in West Yorkshire
Austhorpe
Austhorpe
Location within West Yorkshire
Civil parish
  • Austhorpe
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEEDS
Postcode districtLS15
Dialling code0113
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°47′55″N 1°26′28″W / 53.7985°N 1.4411°W / 53.7985; -1.4411Coordinates: 53°47′55″N 1°26′28″W / 53.7985°N 1.4411°W / 53.7985; -1.4411

LocationEdit

The area is situated between Pendas Fields to the north, Cross Gates to the north west, Whitkirk to the west, and Colton to the south and Garforth to the east.[2]

Officially judging by the old boundaries of the former Austhorpe township, Austhorpe also includes the areas of Cross Gates, Colton Common and Barrowby. Colton Common became officially part of Colton when the Ingram family of Temple Newsam kept it for their own after buying and then selling the rest of the Austhorpe Lodge estate. It crosses both of the Cross Gates and Whinmoor (including Austhorpe Hall) and Temple Newsam wards of Leeds City Council.

The current east half of the civil parish of Austhorpe and large Thorpe Park business park lie in the western tip of Garforth and Swillington ward. Austhorpe Parish Council declared nil balance accounts for the financial year ended 31 March 2017.[3]

Austhorpe lies in the LS15 postcode area. At the 2011 Census, the population of Austhorpe was shown to be included in Cross Gates and Whinmoor ward.

EtymologyEdit

The name Austhorpe is first attested in the Domesday Book in the form Ossetorp. Like a significant number of Yorkshire place-names, the name comes from Old Norse. The first element is from Old Norse austr ('east') and the second from Old Norse þorp ('outlying farmstead, secondary settlement'), an element found widely in the area (in names such as Osmandthorpe and Thorp Arch).[4][5]:19

Meanwhile, the place-name Barrowby, found within the township of Austhorpe, is first attested in 1236, in the form Bergeby. The name comes from Old Norse berg ('hill') and ('farmstead, village').[5]:21

HistoryEdit

 
Shops, Kingswear Parade
 
The Devon Pub

After the Township dissolved, Austhorpe stopped developing as quickly as it was doing, possibly due to the once abundant coal fields close to the surface which had been a major source of commerce for the area since Roman times becoming empty with deep shaft mining proving to be unsuccessful compared to the close by coal source at Garforth. Whereas Cross Gates and Colton quickly developed, Barrowby, if anything, did not develop.

Pioneering Civil Engineer John Smeaton, designer of the longest standing Eddystone Lighthouse, was born in Austhorpe.[6] Leeds band the Kaiser Chiefs make a positive reference to him in their hit song "I Predict a Riot".[7]

Austhorpe Hall is a grade II* listed building dated from 1694.[8]

Location gridEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Google Maps: Austhorpe, accessed 30 January 2021
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Leeds Archived 19 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 September 2009
  3. ^ "Austhorpe Parish Council, Accounts" (PDF). leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "What's in a name?". BBC Home. 30 April 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Names Society, 2017).
  6. ^ "Leeds nostalgia: The life of John Smeaton, father of civil engineering". Yorkshire Evening Post. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Simpson, Dave; Lynskey, Dorian (24 February 2006). "Twelve artists talk about making one of their classic tracks". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Historic England. "Austhorpe Hall  (Grade II*) (1256314)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 November 2018.

External linksEdit