Aurora Mardiganian was the daughter of a prosperous Armenian family living in Chmshgatsak (Çemişgezek), Mamuret-ül Aziz, 20 miles (32 km) north of Harput, Ottoman Empire. She witnessed the deaths of her family members and was forced to march over 1,400 mi (2,300 km), during which she was kidnapped and sold into the slave markets of Anatolia. Mardiganian escaped to Tiflis (modern Tbilisi, Georgia), then to St. Petersburg, from where she traveled to Oslo and finally, with the help of Near East Relief, to New York City.
Ravished Armenia (Auction of Souls)Edit
In New York, she was approached by Harvey Gates, a young screenwriter, who helped her write and publish a narrative that is often described as a memoir titled Ravished Armenia (full title Ravished Armenia; the Story of Aurora Mardiganian, the Christian Girl, Who Survived the Great Massacres).
The narrative Ravished Armenia was used for writing a film script that was produced in 1919, Mardiganian playing herself, and first screened in London as the Auction of Souls. The first New York performance of the silent film, entitled Ravished Armenia took place on February 16, 1919, in the ballroom of the Plaza Hotel, with society leaders, Mrs. Oliver Harriman and Mrs. George W. Vanderbilt, serving as co-hostesses on behalf of the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief.
Aurora Mardiganian recalled sixteen young Armenian girls being "crucified" by their Ottoman tormentors. Auction of Souls showed the victims nailed to crosses. However, almost 70 years later Mardiganian revealed to film historian Anthony Slide that the scene was inaccurate:
The Turks didn't make their crosses like that. The Turks made little pointed crosses. They took the clothes off the girls. They made them bend down, and after raping them, they made them sit on the pointed wood, through the vagina. That's the way they killed - the Turks. Americans have made it a more civilized way. They can't show such terrible things.
Mardiganian was referred to in the press as the Joan of Arc of Armenia, describing her role as the spokesperson for the victims of the horrors that were then taking place in Turkey and the catalyst for the humanist movement in America. In the 1920s Mardiganian married and lived in Los Angeles until her death on February 6, 1994.
In honor of Aurora Mardiganian the Aurora Prize was established by 100 LIVES. The Aurora prize is the vision of Vartan Gregorian, Noubar Afeyan, and Ruben Vardanian. The Aurora Prize for Awakening Humanity is a humanitarian award founded on behalf of the survivors of the Armenian genocide and in gratitude to their saviors. The prize is awarded in Yerevan, Armenia, to an individual whose actions have – at their personal peril – had an exceptional impact on preserving human life and advancing humanitarian causes.
- "Ararat-Eskijian Museum Organizes a Very Successful International Conference". Ararat Home of Los Angeles. 22 March 2014.
- Balakian, Peter (2003) The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 313–14.
- Erish, Andrew A. (2012). Col. William N. Selig, the Man Who Invented Hollywood. University of Texas Press. pp. 211–12. ISBN 978-0-292-74269-7.
- Gladstone, Rick (14 March 2016). "Finalists Picked for New Prize Created in Memory of Armenian Genocide" – via NYTimes.com.
- Slide, Anthony. Ravished Armenia and the Story of Aurora Mardiganian. Scarecrow Press, January 1, 1997. ISBN 0810833115, 9780810833111. - Later re-published: Jackson, Ms.: University Press of Mississippi, 2014.
- Taylor, Eugene L.; Krikorian, Abraham T. (2010). "'Ravished Armenia: Revisited:' Some Additions to a 'A Brief Assessment of the Ravished Armenia Marquee Poster'". Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies. 19 (2): 179–215.
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