Augustus Hopkins Strong

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Augustus Hopkins Strong (3 August 1836 – 29 November 1921) was a Baptist minister and theologian who lived in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His most influential book, Systematic Theology, proved to be a mainstay of Reformed Baptist theological education for several generations.

Augustus Hopkins Strong
Born3 August 1836
Rochester, New York
Died29 November 1921
Pasadena, California
Alma materYale College
OccupationSeminary president


He was born on August 3, 1836 in Rochester, New York. His father was Alvah Strong, printer of such early Rochester newspapers as the Anti-Masonic Enquirer, the Morning Advertiser, and the Weekly Republican before becoming the longtime proprietor of The Daily Democrat.[1] His grandfather was a "physician of considerable eminence"[2] from Warren, Connecticut who moved to Scipio, New York in 1799 and Rochester in 1821. Both his eldest uncle and father were deacons in the First Baptist Church of Rochester and helped found the Rochester Theological Seminary, over which he later presided. His youngest uncle became a 49er after losing both his wife and infant son.[3] His younger brother, Henry A. Strong, was a wildly successful businessman and philanthropist who served as Eastman Kodak's first president.

He graduated from Yale College in 1857, having had a religious conversion during his time in college. He began his theological studies at Rochester Theological Seminary and was awarded his D.D. in Germany. In August 1861 he was ordained pastor of First Baptist Church of Haverhill, Massachusetts. After his short pastorate in Haverhill, he went on in 1865 to become the pastor of First Church, Cleveland, OH, and from there to become president of Rochester Theological Seminary,[4] during which time he wrote his Systematic Theology.

His eldest son was the American psychologist and philosopher, Charles A. Strong. Diplomat Theodore C. Achilles was a first cousin, twice removed. A niece married George R. Carter and a second cousin, twice removed married Margaret Woodbury Strong.


Strong held a form of inclusivism, that is, he believed that some people from non-Christian religions actually believe in the one true God, the God revealed in the Bible. Thus their faith in God to the limits of their knowledge and their rejection of the religion around them constitute "an implicit faith in Christ." [5]

Selected worksEdit


  1. ^ "Henry A. Strong, Long Business Associate of George Eastman, Dead in His Eighty-first Year", Democrat and Chronicle, Rochester, New York, p. 38, 1919-07-27, ISSN 1088-5153
  2. ^ "DEATH OF ALVAH STRONG", Democrat and Chronicle, Rochester, New York, p. 7, 1885-04-21, ISSN 1088-5153
  3. ^ Dwight, Benjamin W. (1871), The history of the descendants of Elder John Strong, of Northampton, Massachusetts, 2, Albany, New York: Joel Munsell, p. 913, OCLC 2033052, retrieved 2009-10-04
  4. ^ "Dr. Augustus H. Strong Buried", The New York Times, p. 19, 1921-12-06, ISSN 0362-4331, retrieved 2009-10-05
  5. ^ Strong, Anthony H. (1907) [1886]. Systematic Theology. Old Tappan, NJ: Revell. pp. 842–843. OCLC 878559610.

External linksEdit

Academic offices
Preceded by
Ezekiel G. Robinson
President of the Rochester Theological Seminary
Succeeded by
Joseph W. A. Stewart (acting)