August 2007 Hyderabad bombings

The Hyderabad bombings refers to the incident in which two bombs exploded almost simultaneously on 25 August 2007 in Hyderabad, capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh (now Telangana).[1] The first bomb exploded in Lumbini Amusement Park (17°24′35″N 78°28′23.5″E / 17.40972°N 78.473194°E / 17.40972; 78.473194) at 19:45 hrs IST. The second bomb exploded five minutes later at 19:50 in Gokul Chat Bhandar (17°23′6″N 78°29′8″E / 17.38500°N 78.48556°E / 17.38500; 78.48556) in Koti, a popular restaurant about 5 kilometres (3 mi) away. At least 42 people were reported to have died in the two bombings.[2] Two more bombs were defused in other parts of the city. According to initial reports, the banned Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami militant outfit of Bangladesh is suspected for the serial blasts.[3]

2007 Hyderabad Bombings
LocationHyderabad, India, 17°21′36″N 78°28′24″E / 17.360106°N 78.473427°E / 17.360106; 78.473427
Date25 August 2007
19:45 and 19:50 (IST (UTC+5.30))
TargetLumbini Park (lazer show), and Gokul Chat Bhandar, Koti
Attack type
Bombing
WeaponsImprovised explosive devices made with Ammonium nitrate, Neogel-90
Deaths42
Injured54

Unexploded bombsEdit

A day after the blasts, police discovered 19 unexploded bombs—most fitted with timers and placed in plastic bags—across Hyderabad at bus stops, by cinemas, road junctions and pedestrian bridges and near a public water fountain.[4]

VictimsEdit

Police Commissioner of Hyderabad, Mr. Balwinder Singh, mentioned to the Press Trust of India that at least 42 people were dead and at least 54 were injured in the two attacks.[5]

Since the blasts occurred at places popular among the general public on weekends, the victims of the blasts include people from different backgrounds and include several children and women. Among the victims were seven students from Amrutvahini College of Engineering Sangamner ( affiliated to University of Pune ) in Ahmednagar District in Maharashtra. A group of 45 students, who were visiting Hyderabad on a routine industrial tour, were enjoying a laser show at Lumbini Park when the auditorium was struck by the devastating explosion. The group was accompanied by four faculty members.[6] Bodies of five of the students arrived at the Pune airport on 26 August afternoon and were received at the airport by a large crowd.[7]

ResponsibilityEdit

Central security agencies said that the banned Harkat-ul-Jehadi Islami (Huji) militant outfit from Bangladesh was possibly behind the twin blasts. It was suspected that Shahid and Bilal or Sahid Ilyas Bilal, who were the masterminds of the Mecca masjid blast were also behind Saturday's explosion. Shahid is reported to be in Karachi, Pakistan, and is instrumental in recruiting people for arms training from Hyderabad. Shahid Ilyas Bilal, who is also linked to the Mecca Masjid attacks is a high-ranking Lashkar-e-Taiba operative who has lately been working with Huji.[8][9][5]

Madhukar Gupta, Union Home Secretary, has said that security agencies and state police suspect Lashkar-e-Toiba or Jaish-e-Mohammed. Shivraj Patil Minister for Home Affairs, specified terror groups based in Pakistan and Bangladesh were involved in the attacks.[10]

On 26 August, Foreign Affairs Adviser of Bangladesh Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury described claims linking Bangladesh with the bombings as 'baseless'.[11][12]

On 27 August, the Hyderabad police released the news that the bombs were constructed from Neogel-90, an ammonium nitrate-based explosive used commercially in road construction. The Telegraph reported that this caused suspicion to be 'divided' between the Huji, which is known to have used Neogel in the past, and Naxalite organisations from the interior of Andhra Pradesh, who have been "planning retaliation for the state government's hot-pursuit campaign"; Neogel-90 has not previously been used illegally in India, but has been seized in the past from Naxalite groups in Kerala and Nepal.[13]

InvestigationsEdit

Three people were picked up for questioning regarding the blast. Among them were a cycle shop owner, from Bibinagar, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Hyderabad. It is alleged that he supplied the steel balls used in the bombs.[10][14]

A group of four individuals was taken for questioning, the Pioneer notes:

The police had caught the four-member gang including a Dubai national on Saturday and the same evening bombs had exploded in two busy public places in the city. The police have recovered fake currency worth Rs 23.6 million. The commissioner said the fake currency notes in the denominations of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 were brought from Pakistan via Dubai. When asked whether the terrorist elements involved in the blasts had used this money, he said the police were looking into the possibility.[15]

ReactionsEdit

Such vicious attacks prove that cities like Hyderabad and Bangalore, emerging icons of a vibrant nation, are firmly in the cross-hairs of terror groups which have made India a country with perhaps the highest number of civilian victims of terror (besides war-torn countries like Iraq). – Times of India.[9]

President Pratibha Patil, Vice-President Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh condemned the Hyderabad blasts and expressed shock over the loss of innocent lives.[16]

In the light of the twin bomb blasts in Hyderabad, eminent forensic scientist P. Chandra Sekharan has urged the Government of India to establish a "National Explosives Control Bureau (NECB)" on the lines of the Narcotics Control Bureau.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hyderabad: After 11 years, verdict in Lumbini Park-Gokul Chat twin blast to be delivered on August 27".
  2. ^ "Death toll in Hyderabad serial blasts rises to 41". CNN-IBN. 25 August 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  3. ^ "Blasts rock Hyderabad, 37 dead". NDTV. 25 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  4. ^ "Police find 19 bombs in blast-hit city". Reuters/ news.com.au. 26 August 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.[dead link]
  5. ^ a b "AP govt. blames terror groups in Pak, Bangladesh for blasts". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 26 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  6. ^ "Seven student victims from Maharashtra in Hyderabad blasts". Chennai, India: The Hindu / News Update, 26 August 2007. 26 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  7. ^ "Bodies of Hyderabad blast victims arrive in Pune". The Times of India. 27 August 2007. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2007.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh's Huji behind Hyderabad blasts: report". Hindustan Times, 26 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  9. ^ a b "40 killed in Hyderabad blasts". Times of India. 26 August 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  10. ^ a b "3 held for Hyd blasts; Centre points fingers at LeT, JeM". PTI/ IBN Live, 27 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
  11. ^ "Dhaka rejects Delhi's claim of Bangladesh link". The Daily Star, 27 August 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2007.
  12. ^ "Pakistan denies hand in Hyderabad blasts". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 28 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
  13. ^ "Suspects: Maoists or Outside Hand, The Telegraph, 27 August 2007.
  14. ^ "Terror's new face Babu Bhai sits in UP jail, joins dots from Dhaka to Hyderabad via Delhi". The Indian Express. 28 August 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
  15. ^ Many clues but no leads leaves cops flummoxed The Pioneer – 28 August 2007
  16. ^ "President, Vice President and PM condemn Hyderabad blasts". Hindustan Times. 26 August 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
  17. ^ "Set up national explosives control bureau". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 27 August 2007. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2007.

External linksEdit