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The Auglaize River (Shawnee: Kathinakithiipi)[5] is a 113-mile-long (182 km)[3] tributary of the Maumee River in northwestern Ohio in the United States. It drains a primarily rural farming area in the watershed of Lake Erie. The name of the river comes from the French word for glaise (clay). The French called it "rivière à la Grande Glaize" (river of Great Clay).[6]

Auglaize River
Maumeerivermap.png
Map of the Maumee River watershed showing the Auglaize River.
Location
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ location2 mi (3.2 km) south of Harrod
 ⁃ elevation≈990 ft (300 m)[1]
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Maumee River at Defiance
 ⁃ elevation
≈665 ft (203 m)[2]
Length113 miles (182 km)[3]
Basin size2,337 sq mi (6,050 km2)[4]
Along the Auglaize near Junction

It rises in southeastern Allen County, approximately 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Lima and 12 miles (19 km) north of Indian Lake. It flows southwest to Wapakoneta, then generally north in a zigzag course, past Delphos, Fort Jennings and Oakwood. It joins the Maumee from the south at Defiance, approximately 2 miles (3 km) east of the mouth of the Tiffin River at 41°17′13″N 84°21′23″W / 41.286893°N 84.356527°W / 41.286893; -84.356527.

It receives the Ottawa River from the southeast in western Putnam County, northwest of Lima. It also receives the Blanchard River in western Putnam County. It receives the Little Auglaize River from the south in eastern Paulding County. It receives Flatrock Creek from the west in northeastern Paulding County.

During the days of the Ohio Country in the 18th century, the area around the river was inhabited by the Ottawa. During the mid-1790's the area near the mouth of the Auglaize surpassed Kekionga to the west as the center of Indian influence. Fort Defiance was constructed in 1794 near the confluence of the Auglaize and the Maumee by General Mad Anthony Wayne. Fort Amanda, constructed along the river southwest of Lima in 1812, was an important American outpost during the War of 1812.

Variant namesEdit

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Auglaize River has also been known as:[7]

  • Au Glaize River
  • Auglaise River
  • Cowthenake sepe
  • Glaize River
  • Grand Au Glaze River
  • Grand Glaise River
  • Grand Glaize River
  • Great au Glaise River
  • Qusquasrundee

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Harrod quadrangle, Ohio. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1961.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Defiance East quadrangle, Ohio. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1988.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, accessed May 19, 2011
  4. ^ A Guide to Ohio Streams. Archived September 4, 2005, at the Wayback Machine Chapter 10: Major Ohio Watersheds (pdf) Archived September 4, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Shawnees Webpage". Shawnee's Reservation. 1997. Archived from the original on 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-04-26.
  6. ^ See, for example, French Colonial Archives, series C11A, vol. 95, f. 386v. http://data2.archives.ca/e/e035/e000869161.jpg
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Auglaize River

External linksEdit