Aufidia gens

The gens Aufidia was a plebeian family at ancient Rome, which occurs in history from the later part of the Republic to the third century AD. The first member to obtain the consulship was Gnaeus Aufidius Orestes, in 71 BC.[1]

Ancient Roman coin in the National Roman Museum

PraenominaEdit

In Republican times, the Aufidii used the praenomina Gnaeus, Titus, Marcus, and Sextus. Lucius and Gaius are not found prior to the second century AD. The character Tullus Aufidius in Shakespeare's play Coriolanus predates the earliest historical mention of the gens by some three hundred years, and is identified as Attius Tullius in Livy; there is no other evidence that the praenomen Tullus was used by the Aufidii.[2][3]

Branches and cognominaEdit

The cognomina of the Aufidii under the Republic are Lurco and Orestes. Gnaeus Aufidius Orestes was descended from the Aurelii Orestides, but was adopted by the historian Gnaeus Aufidius in his old age.[1][4][5]

MembersEdit

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Aufidii in literatureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, p. 418 ("Aufidia Gens").
  2. ^ Livy, ii. 32–35, 37–40.
  3. ^ a b William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Coriolanus.
  4. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 43 ("Orestes, Cn. Aufidius").
  5. ^ Cicero, De Domo Sua, 13.
  6. ^ Livy, xliii. 10.
  7. ^ IG 12.5.722
  8. ^ Cicero, Tusculanae Disputationes, v. 38 s. 112.
  9. ^ Broughton, vol. 1, pp. 551–553.
  10. ^ SIG, 715.
  11. ^ Brennan, The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, pp. 756, 930, 931 (note 511).
  12. ^ Cicero, De Officiis, ii. 17, De Domo Sua, 13, Pro Plancio, 21.
  13. ^ Eutropius, Breviarium Historiae Romanae, vi. 8.
  14. ^ Digesta, 13. tit. 6. s. 5. § 7, 35. tit. 1. s. 40. § 3, 39. tit. 3. s. 2. § 6.
  15. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, xii. 26, 27.
  16. ^ Digesta seu Pandectae 5. tit. 3. s. 20 [22]. § 6.
  17. ^ "Fragmenta Vaticana", § 77.
  18. ^ CIL VII, 18.
  19. ^ RIB, i. 66.
  20. ^ CIL XVI, 76.
  21. ^ a b c d Leunissen, Konsuln und Konsulare.
  22. ^ Orelli, Inscriptionum Latinarum Selectarum, n. 1176.

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)