|Named for||Baron Auckland|
The province covered roughly half of the North Island of New Zealand. It was the largest of the six initial provinces, both by area and population. The southern boundary was mostly along the 39th latitude, which was an arbitrary line, as the country's interior was little known by Europeans. It was not subdivided during its existence; the Taranaki Province (originally named New Plymouth Province) was the only other that remained unchanged during its existence.
The six original provinces were established in 1853. At that time, about 30,000 Europeans were living in New Zealand, a third of them in the Auckland Province. An estimated 70% of the Māori population was within the Auckland Province. Although the population of Otago Province (triggered by the Central Otago Gold Rush) and then also the Canterbury Province surpassed Auckland's, the northernmost area of the country became most populous again by 1901.
The provincial system was abolished in 1876. Auckland Province was from then used as an administrative district by the Department of Lands and Survey, but the area was later subdivided into the North Auckland, South Auckland, and Gisborne land districts. The 39th latitude was subsequently replaced by boundaries that took landforms into account, and as a consequence, parts of the former Auckland Province are now in the Wellington and Hawke's Bay land districts, and part of the former Wellington Province is in the South Auckland Land District.
New Zealand law provides a public holiday for each province's anniversary day. Auckland Anniversary Day generally occurs in late January, on the Monday closest to 29 January, and is still observed throughout the historic province.
Auckland Provincial CouncilEdit
Auckland Provincial Council was the elected body of Auckland Province. From its second session onwards, the council used the General Assembly House for its meetings. It shared the use of this building with the New Zealand Parliament from 1854 until 1864 during the time that Auckland was the capital of New Zealand. From 1858, the province owned the building, but continued to make it available to parliament.
|1||12 Jul 1853||5 Jan 1855||Robert Wynyard|
|2||15 Mar 1855||Nov 1855||William Brown|
|3||15 Nov 1855||17 Sep 1856||Logan Campbell|
|4||11 Nov 1856||Dec 1862||John Williamson|
|5||11 Dec 1862||22 Sep 1865||Robert Graham|
|6||25 Oct 1865||2 Mar 1867||Frederick Whitaker|
|(4)||18 Apr 1867||Dec 1869||John Williamson (2nd time)|
|7||2 Dec 1869||Nov 1873||Thomas Gillies|
|(4)||20 Nov 1873||16 Feb 1875||John Williamson (3rd time)|
|8||Feb 1875||Mar 1875||Maurice O'Rorke|
|9||24 Mar 1875||1 Jan 1877||George Grey|
The Provincial Council had three Speakers:
- City of Auckland, 6 members
- Suburbs of Auckland, 4 members
- Pensioner Settlements, 4 members
- Northern Division, 4 members
- Southern Division, 4 members
- Bay of Islands, 2 members
For its last session of 1873–76, it had 43 members:
- Albertland: John Shepherd
- Auckland East: William John Hurst, Joseph Dargaville, Philip Aaron Philips
- Auckland West: James Thomas Boylan, Patrick Dignan, David Goldie, Frederick Prime, William Swanson
- Bay of Islands: Hugh Carleton
- Coromandel: Alfred Cadman
- Eden: Andrew Beveridge, William Buckland
- Hokianga: John Sheehan
- Kaipara: Henry Lloyd
- Mangonui: William Thomas Ball
- Newton: Rev. Thomas Cheeseman, Thomas Macready
- Onehunga: John Lundon, Maurice O'Rorke
- Opotiki: William Kelly
- Otamatea: Murdoch McLeod
- Pakuranga: Ponsonby John Raleigh Peacocke
- Papakura: William Hay
- Parnell: Benjamin Tonks, Reader Wood
- Raglan: Thomas Wilson
- Ramarama: Joseph Crispe
- Takapuna: George McCullagh Reed
- Tamaki: Robert Nair Ryburn
- Tauranga: George Morris
- Thames: Lemuel Bagnall, John Brown, William Carpenter, William Turnbull Swan,[a] William Davies[b]
- Turanganui: James Woodbine Johnson
- Waikato: William Australia Graham
- Waipa: Henry Byron, Hungerford Roche
- Wairoa and Mangapai: William Ormiston
- Waitemata: Allan Kerr Taylor
- Waiuku: Ebenezer Hamlin
- Warkworth: William Pollock Moat
- Whangarei: Robert Douglas
- Swan died on 15 March 1875
- Davies replaced Swan in a by-election held on 5 April 1875
- McLintock, A.H., ed. (22 April 2009) [First published in 1966]. "Auckland Province and Provincial Districts". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- McLintock, A.H., ed. (22 April 2009) [First published in 1966]. "Taranaki: Province and Provincial Districts". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Wilson 1985, p. 314.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 179.
- "Provinces 1848–77". Rulers.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 180.
- "Proclamation". Daily Southern Cross. Vol. X, no. 602. 5 April 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
- "The Provincial Council". Auckland Star. Vol. IV, no. 1206. 15 December 1873. p. 2. Retrieved 23 May 2021.