Auckland City Hospital

Auckland City Hospital is a public hospital located in Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand. It is the largest hospital in New Zealand,[2] as well as one of the oldest medical facilities in the country. It provides a total of 1,165 beds (as of 2021).[1] It was established in 2003 as an amalgam of Auckland Hospital (acute adult care), Starship Hospital (acute children's care), Green Lane Hospital (cardio-thoracic care) and National Women's Hospital (maternity, newborn and obstetrics and gynecology). Hospitals in Auckland have been run by the Auckland District Health Board since 2001.

Auckland City Hospital
Auckland District Health Board
Auckland City Hospital 01.jpg
The new 2003 section of the hospital
Geography
LocationGrafton, Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Organisation
FundingPublic hospital
TypeGeneral, Teaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences
Services
Emergency departmentYes
Beds1,165[1]
HelipadYes
History
Opened1846
Links
WebsiteOfficial Website
ListsHospitals in New Zealand

ImportanceEdit

The emergency department alone sees about 47,000 patients annually (over 55,000 as of 2008),[3] of which 44% are treated as in-patients. Colocated with its emergency department is the children's emergency department, which sees another 30,000 patients annually, making the campus one of the busiest in Australasia.[4]

The hospital is a research and teaching facility as well, providing training for future doctors, nurses, midwives and other health professionals. Rare or complex medical conditions from all over New Zealand may get referred here. The hospital is closely associated with Starship Children's Health, a separate subsidiary facility on the same grounds, located just to the northwest of the City Hospital.

HistoryEdit

Previous buildingsEdit

 
Auckland Hospital, 1910

Initially, the Auckland Hospital was housed in a timber building which occupied the Auckland City Hospital site from 1846 to 1877, providing four wards of 10 beds each, and having been designed by Frederick Thatcher, the architect of the St Mary's Church in Parnell. The hospital treated both Europeans and Māori, though the diseases were different, with the Pakeha treated mostly for the effects of alcohol abuse, while the Māori came for tuberculosis and rheuma treatment.[5] Thomas Moore Philson was superintendent of the hospital from 1859 to 1883.[6]

In 1877, a new building in an Italianate style was constructed for £25,000, designed by Philip Herepath, architect to the provincial government. Administered by T M Philson, the new hospital became known for taking on many charity cases but, partly in response, was also continually understaffed and overcrowded. There were also complaints about the limited training of the staff, which changed only with the hiring of a new matron, Annie Alice Crisp, in 1883.[7] Having trained in the new tradition of Florence Nightingale, she is credited with turning the hospital from an 'old men with alcoholism institution' into a real hospital and instituting real nurse training.[5] Her title was Lady Superintendent and she was awarded the Royal Red Cross in 1894.[8]

Current buildingsEdit

 
The older part of Auckland City Hospital, now the support building, as seen from the Auckland Domain. Visible in front is the smokestack of the complex's central heating.

The Herepath building was demolished in 1964 to make way for a new structure designed by architects Stephenson & Turner, which was completed in 1967, and still remains.[5]

During the health reforms of the New Zealand health system in the early 1990s, Auckland Hospital was run as a business - in the model of state-owned enterprises of New Zealand, i.e. with the instruction to return a profit. In accordance with this policy, Auckland Hospital was officially known as Auckland Crown Health Enterprise. [9]

The current hospital facility, opened in 2003, is an amalgam of four previously separate hospitals: Auckland Hospital (acute adult care), Starship (acute children's care), Green Lane Hospital (cardio-thoracic care) and National Women's Hospital (maternity, newborn and obstetrics and gynecology).[2]

The hospital is situated in a NZ$180 million building which was built between 2000 and 2003.[10] It is nine levels high (ten including plant), five levels less than the older part of the hospital, which has now become the support building. The new structure with 75,575 m2 [10] is one of New Zealand's largest public buildings. It was designed by Jasmax in conjunction with McConnel Smith and Johnson Architects Sydney, and built by Fletcher Construction.[11]

FacilitiesEdit

The following information are excerpts from the construction company's database:[10]

The support building (old hospital) mostly contains administrative offices, clinical and housekeeping support, physio- and occupational therapy, the bone marrow transplant ward, some inpatient and outpatient services as well as teaching and research facilities. The support building is a central part of the hospital complex and is linked to the new building section by a skywalk.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Auckland City Hospital". Ministry of Health NZ. 24 October 2021. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Largest hospital in New Zealand... - News-Medical.Net, Tuesday 29 June 2004
  3. ^ Gridlock on the hospital frontline - The New Zealand Herald, Sunday 24 August 2008
  4. ^ Department of Emergency Medicine Archived July 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (from the official department website. Retrieved 2008-08-22.)
  5. ^ a b c Auckland Hospital Archived 2016-01-22 at the Wayback Machine (from the Grafton Residents Association website)
  6. ^ Erlam, H. D. "Thomas Moore Philson". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Auckland Hospital staff, 1880s". teara.govt.nz. 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  8. ^ "First royal honour for New Zealand woman". nzhistory.govt.nz. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  9. ^ Big Bang and the Policy Prescription: Health Care Meets the Market in New Zealand - Gauld, R. D. C., Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 25(5), 2000, Pages 815–844
  10. ^ a b c Auckland City Hospital Archived December 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine (from the project database of Fletcher Construction)
  11. ^ Auckland City Hospital Archived January 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (from the Auckland City Hospital Website)
  12. ^ Auckland City Hospital: Our History Archived February 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (from the Auckland District Health Board website)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 36°51′38″S 174°46′12″E / 36.860549°S 174.76995°E / -36.860549; 174.76995