Aucayacu massacre

The Aucayacu massacre was a selective massacre that occurred on 6 August 1986 in the Peruvian city of Aucayacu (Huánuco). The attack was directed at gay men and sex workers. Those responsible for the attack were members of the Shining Path terrorist group during the internal conflict in Peru. The massacre was carried out as part of the "social cleansing" policies that the group carried out on the Northeast Front.[1]

Aucayacu massacre
Part of 1980 – 2000 internal conflict in Peru
Ubicación de José Crespo y Castillo en Leoncio Prado.png
Location of the José Crespo Y Castillo District, of which Aucayacu is the capital
LocationAucayacu, José Crespo Y Castillo District, Leoncio Prado Province, Peru
Coordinates8°55′53″S 76°07′50″W / 8.931369°S 76.130534°W / -8.931369; -76.130534Coordinates: 8°55′53″S 76°07′50″W / 8.931369°S 76.130534°W / -8.931369; -76.130534
Date6 August 1986
Target
Deaths10
PerpetratorsShining Path
Motive

ContextEdit

The Shining Path (Communist Party of the Peru - Sendero Luminoso [PCP-SL]) and the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) were terrorist organisations of the extreme left who had initiated a conflict against the Peruvian state in the 1980s. They exhibited very hostile behaviour towards sectors that they not sympathetic to their ideological positions, especially state officials. Their hostility was not only limited to their political opponents,[2] they were also against all advances regarding sexual and women's minority rights, which they saw as a consequence of capitalism.[3]

BackgroundEdit

Shining Path created the so-called Popular Open Committees in the territories that it controlled. These committees governed the sexual development of the inhabitants, as well as ensuring the population under their rule did not depart from traditional sexual canons.[4]

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission identified the following:

A sector of the residents accepted these executions as opportune; Furthermore, some population centres even demanded the presence of the subversives to carry out cleaning campaigns.[5]

MassacreEdit

On 6 August 1986, in the city of Aucayacu, capital of the José Crespo Y Castillo District, members of the Shining Path kidnapped 10 people, including gay men and female prostitutes; According to the Shining Path, these individuals were "social blots." 6 The number of each group and details was not specified. The massacre came to be approved by the population.[6]

CondemnationEdit

The mass murders of homosexuals and sex workers during the conflict is considered one of the greatest acts of misogyny, homophobia and violent actions against prostitution in the country.[7] It is also classified as a sample of exacerbated masculinity and a legacy of internalised discrimination against sexual minorities in parts of the rural population.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Paredes Laos, Jorge (26 June 2016). "Cuando el odio sale del clóset" [When hate comes out of the closet]. El Comercio Perú (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  2. ^ Díaz, Antonio López (4 April 2016). "Los indeseables de Tarapoto" [The undesirables of Tarapoto]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ Carpio, Neptalí (17 March 2017). "Psicoanálisis de un liderazgo homofóbico (2da parte)" [Psychoanalysis of a homophobic leadership (2nd part)]. El Montonero (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  4. ^ Jáuregui, Ariana (16 August 2019). ""No estamos todes": acciones colectivas en conmemoración a las víctimas LGBTI del Conflicto Armado Interno" ["We are not all": collective actions in commemoration of the LGBTI victims of the Internal Armed Conflict]. Revista Memoria PUCP (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Las otras memorias" [The other memories]. gioinfante.lamula.pe (in Spanish). 28 August 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  6. ^ Chuquillanqui, Fernando (21 June 2016). "En Perú también se vivió una matanza homofóbica como la de Orlando" [Peru also suffered a massacre similar to that of Orlando]. RPP (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  7. ^ Jaúregui, Ariana (1 June 2018). "Recordando los crímenes de odio durante el conflicto armado" [Remembering hate crimes during the armed conflict]. IDEHPUCP (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  8. ^ Anaya, Karen (24 October 2017). "Desde la Memoria Marginada hacia la De-construcción del Estado: Las personas LGBT como víctimas del conflicto armado peruano y los caminos para la no repetición" [From the Marginalized Memory towards the De-construction of the State: LGBT people as victims of the Peruvian armed conflict and the paths for non-repetition]. Pólemos (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2020.