Atomic Energy Act of 1954

The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2011–2021, 2022-2286i, 2296a-2297h-13, is a United States federal law that covers for the development, regulation, and disposal of nuclear materials and facilities in the United States.

Atomic Energy Act of 1954
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to amend the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, as amended, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 83rd United States Congress
EffectiveAugust 30, 1954
Public law83-703
Statutes at Large68 Stat. 919
Acts amendedAtomic Energy Act of 1946
Titles amended42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections amended42 U.S.C. ch. 14
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 9757 by William S. Cole (R-NY) on June 30, 1954
  • Passed the House on July 26, 1954 (231–154)
  • Passed the Senate on July 27, 1954 (57–28, in lieu of S. 3690)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on August ?, 1954; agreed to by the Senate on August 17, 1954 (59–17) and by the House on August ?, 1954 (without recorded vote)
  • Signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on August 30, 1954
United States Supreme Court cases
President Eisenhower signs the bill in an official signing ceremony.

It was an amendment to the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 and substantially refined certain aspects of the law, including increased support for the possibility of a civilian nuclear industry. Notably, it made it possible for the government to allow private companies to gain technical information (Restricted Data) about nuclear energy production and the production of fissile materials, allowing for greater exchange of information with foreign nations as part of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace program, and reversed certain provisions in the 1946 law which had made it impossible to patent processes for generating nuclear energy or fissile materials.

The H.R. 9757 legislation was passed by the 83rd U.S. Congressional session and signed into law by President Dwight Eisenhower on August 30, 1954.[1][2]

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission described the Atomic Energy Act as, "the fundamental U.S. law on both the civilian and the military uses of nuclear materials."[3]

See also


Notes and references

  1. ^ "Dwight D. Eisenhower: "Statement by the President Upon Signing the Atomic Energy Act of 1954" August 30, 1954". Internet Archive. U.S. National Archives and Records. August 30, 1954. pp. 776–777.
  2. ^ "H.R. 9757 - Atomic Energy Act of 1954". P.L. 83-703 ~ 68 Stat. 919. 30 August 1954.
  3. ^ "NRC: Our Governing Legislation: Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as Amended in NUREG-0980". U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Retrieved April 7, 2006.