Atatürk, His Mother and Women's Rights Monument

Atatürk, His Mother and Women's Rights Monument (Turkish: Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı) is a monument located at Constitution Square in Karşıyaka district of İzmir, Turkey.

Atatürk, His Mother and Women's Rights Monument
Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı
Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı (1).jpg
Coordinates38°27′20″N 27°7′27″E / 38.45556°N 27.12417°E / 38.45556; 27.12417Coordinates: 38°27′20″N 27°7′27″E / 38.45556°N 27.12417°E / 38.45556; 27.12417
LocationKarşıyaka, İzmir, Turkey
Designer
Material
Height41.7 m (137 ft)
Beginning date1972
Completion date1973
Opening date26 October 1973
Restored date2017–2018
Dedicated to

HistoryEdit

A design competition was organized in May 1971 to build a monument dedicated to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Karşıyaka.[1][2] Competition results announced on 10 November 1971 revealed that sculptor Tamer Başoğlu and architect Erkal Güngören won the contest.[1] The monument, which was decided to be built in memory of the 50th anniversary of the proclamation of the Republic and estimated to cost 1.2 million liras, started to be built in 1972 with the donations of people of Karşıyaka and was opened on 26 October 1973 with a ceremony.[1][3][4][5]

In May 2015, it was announced that the monument worn out due to negligence and corrosion will be demolished and replaced by a larger one.[6][7][8] The Governorship of İzmir reported that the monument "poses a risk to life and property safety".[9] İzmir No. 1 Cultural Heritage Preservation Regional Board paved the way for the renewal of the monument by stating that it is not a "historical monument".[10] After the tender held in April 2017, a contract was signed with the contractor company for a price of 6.8 million liras.[11] The demolition of the monument took place on 12 June 2017.[4][5] The lawsuit filed for the annulment of the municipality's demolition decision was rejected by the administrative court.[12][13][14] The monument, which was completed after a year of construction work, was opened on 12 May 2018.[15] The Respect for Women Museum, which was created on an area of 110 m2 (1,200 sq ft) under the monument, was opened to visitors on 3 November 2018.[16][17][18] The life stories of a hundred women, who had a place in the history of the republic, were included in the museum.[19] The monument received both the European Award and the International Award at the 2018 International Property Awards in the categories of Mixed-use Development and Best Public Services Development.[20][21][22]

DesignEdit

The monument consists of seven concrete pillars that come out of the ground curvilinearly and rise upright after passing through the bronze belt.[1][4][23] The pillars, originally planned to be six with reference to the fundamental principles of Kemalism, were brought to seven after the objection of Osman Kibar, the Mayor of İzmir of the Justice Party.[4] The rise of the pillars symbolize the development of women's rights in Turkey.[1] The bronze belt features the reliefs of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Zübeyde Hanım, and Turkish women.[1]

While the original monument was 15.54 m (51.0 ft) tall, the bronze belt, starting from 3.8 m (12 ft) above the ground, was 1.4 m (4.6 ft) wide and 6.5 m (21 ft) in diameter.[1][5][7] The lowest pillar of the renovated monument is 35.5 m (116 ft) and the highest one is 41.7 m (137 ft) tall, and the bronze belt, which starts from 9 m (30 ft) above the ground, is 3.5 m (11 ft) wide.[6][7][24][25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Karşıyaka Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı Hakkında Değerlendirme ve Öneriler". Mimarlar Odası İzmir Şubesi. 6 June 2017. Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Karşıyaka Atatürk Anıtı Yarışması Açıldı". Milliyet. 10 May 1971. p. 2.
  3. ^ "Karşıyaka Anıtı". Milliyet. 21 May 1973. p. 3.
  4. ^ a b c d Güngören, Elâ (April 2018). "Yıkımlar Zincirinde Bir Halka ve Karşıyaka Atatürk, Zübeyde Hanım ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı" (PDF). Ege Mimarlık. Vol. 98–99, no. 2018/1–2. pp. 16–19. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Mavuşoğlu Çakman, Nazlı İpek; Karabağ, Nağme Ebru (July–August 2017). "Yok Olan Değer: Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı". Mimarlık. No. 396. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Karşıyaka'da anıt gerginliği büyüdü". CNN Türk. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Demirci, Elif (22 July 2015). "Kadın Hakları Anıtı yükselecek". Hürriyet. İzmir. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Karşıyaka'da 'Anıt' tartışması". Ege Postası. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Karşıyaka'nın simgesi olan Anıt için Valilikten rapor geldi". Ege Haber. 30 May 2017. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Koruma Kurulu'ndan Karşıyaka Anıtı'na Onay". İnşaat Deryası. 8 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Karşıyaka MHP'den anıt çıkışı". Ege Postası. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  12. ^ Karataş, Bahri (26 May 2017). "Anıt'a dava açtılar". Hürriyet. İzmir. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Karşıyaka'daki anıt için yürütmeyi durdurma talebine ret". Sözcü. 29 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Karşıyaka'da Anıt davasını belediye kazandı". Hürriyet. İzmir. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Karşıyaka, Selda Bağcan konserine hazırlanıyor". Haberturk.com. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  16. ^ "En anlamlı müze, açılış için gün sayıyor 'Kadına Saygı Müzesi' 3 Kasım'da açılıyor". Haberturk.com. 28 October 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  17. ^ İşler, Mehmet (3 November 2018). "Başkan Akpınar Karşıyaka anıtının açılışında konuştu: Görev sürem boyunca yaptığım en anlamlı iş!". Ege'de Son Söz. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Karşıyaka'nın 'Kadına Saygı Müzesi' açıldı". Milliyet. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Kadına Saygı Müzesi'ne ilgi". Hürriyet. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Karşıyaka'nın anıtına Avrupa'dan büyük ödül Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı ile alt kısmında ..." Haberturk.com. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  21. ^ "Karşıyaka'da anıta ödül". Hürriyet. İzmir. 9 December 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Heykeltıraş Prof. Tamer Başoğlu'na İngiltere'de üç büyük ödül". Hürriyet. 5 November 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  23. ^ Güngören, Elâ (January 2015). "Atatürk, Annesi ve Kadın Hakları Anıtı". Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  24. ^ "Karşıyaka'da anıt mesaisi başladı: Ne zaman bitecek?". Ege'de Son Söz. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  25. ^ Gençer, Osman (7 January 2019). "Avrupa Konseyi'nin selam durduğu ilçe: Karşıyaka". Haberturk.com. Retrieved 23 July 2019.

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