Atal Pension Yojana
Atal Pension Yojana (previously known as Swavalamban Yojana) is a government-backed pension scheme in India targeted at the unorganised sector. It was originally mentioned in the 2015 Budget speech by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in February 2015. It was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata. As of May 2015, only 20% of India's population has any kind of pension scheme, this scheme aims to increase the number.
|Atal Pension Yojana|
|Prime Minister(s)||Narendra Modi|
|Key people||Arun Jaitley|
|Launched||Original launch in 2010-11. Relaunched on 9 May 2015|
In Atal Pension Yojana, for every contribution made to the pension fund, The Central Government would also co-contribute 50% of the total contribution or ₹1,000 (US$16) per annum, whichever is lower, to each eligible subscriber account, for a period of 5 years. The minimum age of joining APY is 18 years and maximum age is 40 years. The age of exit and start of pension would be 60 years. Therefore, minimum period of contribution by the subscriber under APY would be 20 years or more.
Aadhaar would be the primary KYC document for identification of beneficiaries, spouse and nominees to avoid pension rights and entitlement related disputes in the long-term. For Address proof, individual may submit copy of ration card, copy of bank passbook is also accepted.
The subscribers are required to opt for a monthly pension from Rs. 1000 – Rs. 5000 and ensure payment of stipulated monthly contribution regularly. The subscribers can opt to decrease or increase pension amount during the course of accumulation phase, as per the available monthly pension amounts. However, the switching option shall be provided once in year during the month of April.
This scheme will be linked to the bank accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana scheme and the contributions will be deducted automatically. Most of these accounts had zero balance initially. The government aims to reduce the number of such zero balance accounts by using this and related schemes.
- "Jan Suraksha: Social security for masses, pricing woes for insurers", Business Standard, 9 May 2015
- "Banks advertise Pradhan Mantri Bima Yojana ahead of the roll out", Live Mint, 8 May 2015
- "'Jan Suraksha schemes to help eliminate Jan Dhan's zero balance accounts'". Business Standard. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.