Astis (Astís in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Astis
View of the village
View of the village
Location of Astis
Astis is located in France
Astis
Astis
Astis is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Astis
Astis
Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 0°19′37″W / 43.4419°N 0.3269°W / 43.4419; -0.3269Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 0°19′37″W / 43.4419°N 0.3269°W / 43.4419; -0.3269
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonTerres des Luys et Coteaux du Vic-Bilh
IntercommunalityCC Luys en Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Alain Caïe[1]
Area
1
3.16 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
307
 • Density97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64070 /64450
Elevation160–242 m (525–794 ft)
(avg. 234 m or 768 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Astisiens or Astisiennes.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
The D834 at Astis

Astis is located some 20 km north of Pau and some 4 km south of Miossens-Lanusse. Access to the commune is by road D834 (Route de Bordeaux) from Pau entering the commune from the south-west passing through the village and continuing north to Sarron. The D39 road (Route de Morlaas) branches off the D834 in the north of the commune and goes south-east to Anos. The commune has a strip of forest along the length of the commune from north-west to south-east, parallel to the Route de Morlaas with the rest of the commune farmland.[4]

The Luy de France forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north eventually joining the Luy de Béarn and becoming the Luy river on the eastern border of Castel-Sarrazin commune. The Basta river rises in the south of the commune and flows north-west joining the Luy de France north of the commune.[4]

Places and hamletsEdit

  • Anos[5]
  • Baradat[6]
  • Bernadot
  • La Caserne
  • Château[7]
  • Chinchin
  • Dibet
  • Guichanné
  • Jacoulet
  • Lamazou[8]
  • Nabarrot
  • Pascal
  • Plantié
  • Sarrette
  • Sarthoulet
  • Sébat
  • Tauhuré

[9]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

[4]

ToponymyEdit

The commune name in béarnais is also Astis. Michel Grosclaude proposed a Gascon etymology es (an old definitive article) followed by t(h)in ("Dependence") or tin ("singer").[10]

The following table details the origins of the commune name:

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Astis Estis 1385 Raymond
16
Census Village
Astis 1750 Cassini Cassini Map
Sources
  • Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)[11]
  • Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (in French)[10]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[12]
  • Cassini Map: Cassini Map from 1750[13]

AdministrationEdit

 
Astis Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name
1790 1809 Jean Sabat
1809 1815 Jean Larrieu
1815 1828 Joseph Hondagne
1828 1830 Bernard Lamazou
1830 1868 Pierre Lamazou
1868 1871 Jean Larrieu
1871 1872 Félix Binde
1872 1878 Jean Larrieu Chinchin
1878 1919 Jean Lamazou
1919 1929 Jean Sebat
1929 1935 Julien Lamazou
1935 1944 Raymond Guichane
1944 1945 Julien Lamazou
1945 1959 Pierre Larrieu Bourdale
1959 1989 Albert Lafitte
1989 2014 Pierrette Barzu
2014 2026 Alain Caïe

Inter-communalityEdit

 
Recycling centre at Astis

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:[15]

  • the Communauté de communes des Luys en Béarn;
  • the AEP association of the regions of Luy and Gabas;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the scholastic association Argelos-Astis;

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 306 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 157—    
1800 97−6.65%
1821 175+2.85%
1831 215+2.08%
1836 232+1.53%
1841 222−0.88%
1846 225+0.27%
1851 220−0.45%
1856 220+0.00%
1861 227+0.63%
1866 213−1.27%
1872 170−3.69%
1876 166−0.59%
1881 180+1.63%
1886 180+0.00%
1891 193+1.40%
1896 189−0.42%
1901 190+0.11%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1906 171−2.09%
1911 167−0.47%
1921 154−0.81%
1926 140−1.89%
1931 128−1.78%
1936 139+1.66%
1946 119−1.54%
1954 108−1.21%
1962 111+0.34%
1968 101−1.56%
1975 98−0.43%
1982 163+7.54%
1990 198+2.46%
1999 266+3.33%
2007 293+1.22%
2012 312+1.26%
2017 306−0.39%
Source: EHESS[16] and INSEE[17]

Culture and heritageEdit

Civil heritageEdit

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Chateau (19th century) [7]
  • The Maison Mouras Farmhouse (1771) [5]
  • A Farmhouse at Lamazou (1646) [8]
  • The Maison Larrieu Farmhouse (17th century) [18]
  • The Maison Lassus Farmhouse (1894) [6]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th centuries) [19]
  • A Fortified Complex (Prehistoric) [20]

Religious heritageEdit

 
The Church of Saint John the Baptist

The Church of Saint John the Baptist (12th century)  is registered as a historical monument.[21]

The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

FacilitiesEdit

 
The School

Astis has a primary school which is shared with Argelos as an inter-communal educational grouping.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026710 Maison Mourras (in French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026707 Maison Lassus (in French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027386 Chateau (in French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026709 Farmhouse at Lamazou (in French)
  9. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  10. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (in French)
  11. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  15. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques Archived May 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 2 March 2012 (in French)
  16. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Astis, EHESS. (in French)
  17. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026708 Maison Larrieu (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026706 Houses and Farms (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026705 Fortified complex (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026704 Church of Saint John the Baptist (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000058 Bronze bell (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001162 Furniture (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001148 2 Altar Candlesticks (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001161 Bronze Bell in the bell tower (in French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001160 Ciborium (in French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001159 2 Altar Candlesticks (in French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001158 2 Altar Candlesticks (in French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001157 2 Altar Candlesticks (torch bodies) (in French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001156 Painting: Saint John in the desert (in French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001155 Worship bench (in French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001154 Baptismal fonts (in French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001153 2 Statues: Saint Peter & Saint John (in French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001152 Bas-relief: Christ on the cross between Saint Madeleine & Saint John (in French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001151 Retable (in French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001150 Altar seating and tabernacle (in French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001149 Main Altar Seating, Tabernacle, and Retable (in French)