The Astacidae comprise the freshwater crayfish native to Europe and western North America. The family is made up of three genera: The genera Astacus (which includes the European crayfish and Turkish crayfish) and Austropotamobius are both found throughout Europe and parts of western Asia, while Pacifastacus is found on the Pacific coast of the United States and British Columbia and includes the signal crayfish and the Shasta crayfish.

Crayfisch Astacus astacus.jpg
Astacus astacus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Superfamily: Astacoidea
Family: Astacidae
Latreille, 1802–1803


The family Astacidae contains 13 species in three genera:[1][2]


  1. ^ James W. Fetzner, Jr. (2005-05-09). "Family Astacidae Latreille, 1802-1803". Crayfish Taxon Browser. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
  2. ^ Pârvulescu, Lucian (2019). "Introducing a new Austropotamobius crayfish species (Crustacea, Decapoda, Astacidae): A Miocene endemism of the Apuseni Mountains, Romania". Zoologischer Anzeiger. 279: 94–102. doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2019.01.006.