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The Asian Para Games is a multi-sport event regulated by the Asian Paralympic Committee that held every four years after every Asian Games for athletes with physical disabilities. Both the former and the latter had adopted the strategy used by the Olympic and Paralympic Games of having both games in the same city. The Games are recognized by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Paralympic Games.

Asian Para Games
AbbreviationAPG
First event2010 Asian Para Games in Guangzhou, China
Occur everyfour years
Last event2018 Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia
PurposeMulti-sport event for athletes with disabilities from nations in Asia

In its history, three nations have hosted the Asian Para Games and Forty-four nations have participated in the Games.

The most recent games was held in Jakarta, Indonesia from 6 to 13 October 2018. The next games are scheduled to Hangzhou, China.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Prior formationEdit

Before the Asian Para Games were held, a gathering known as the FESPIC Games existed and was participated by athletes from the Asia Pacific region. The FESPIC Games was first held in 1975 in Oita, Japan with 18 participating nations. Eight more FESPIC Games were held until 2006.[1]

FormationEdit

The Asian Para Games superseded the FESPIC Games, which was dissolved alongside the FESPIC Federation, the governing body of the games and merged with the Asian Paralympic Council which was renamed as the Asian Paralympic Committee at the closing of the final FESPIC edition held November 2006 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The first Asian multi-sports event for athletes with a disability, the inaugural Asian Para Games was held in 2010 in Guangzhou, China.[2]

List of Asian Para GamesEdit

Host cities of the Asian Para Games
Edition Year Host City Host Nation Opened by Start Date End Date Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Placed Team Ref.
I 2010 Guangzhou   China Vice Premier Li Keqiang 12 December 19 December 41 2,405 19 341   China (CHN) [3]
II 2014 Incheon   South Korea Prime Minister Chung Hong-won 18 October 24 October 41 2,497 23 443   China (CHN) [4]
III 2018 Jakarta   Indonesia President Joko Widodo 6 October 13 October 43 2,757 18 506   China (CHN) [5]
IV 2022 Hangzhou   China Future event
V 2026 Nagoya   Japan Future event

SportsEdit

Twenty-four sports were presented in Asian Para Games history, including 2010 Games in Guangzhou.

Sport Years
Archery Since 2010
Athletics Since 2010
Badminton Since 2010
Boccia Since 2010
Bowling Since 2010
Chess 2018 only
Cycling Since 2010
Football 5-a-side 2010 – 2014
Football 7-a-side 2010 – 2014
Goalball Since 2010
Judo Since 2010
Lawn Bowls Since 2014
Sport Years
Powerlifting Since 2010
Rowing 2010 – 2014
Sailing 2014 only
Shooting Since 2010
Swimming Since 2010
Table tennis Since 2010
Sitting Volleyball Since 2010
Wheelchair Basketball Since 2010
Wheelchair Dance Sport 2014 only
Wheelchair Fencing Since 2010
Wheelchair Rugby 2014 only
Wheelchair Tennis Since 2010

MascotsEdit

The Asian Para Games mascots are fictional characters, usually an animal native to the area or human figures, who represent the cultural heritage of the place where the Asian Para Games are taking place. The mascots are often used to help market the Asian Para Games to a younger audience. Every Asian Para Games has its own mascot. Fun Fun, the mascot for the 2010 Asian Para Games was the first mascot.

Games City Mascot Character Significance
2010 Asian Para Games Guangzhou Fun Fun Character inspired by kapok A flower which is native to Guangzhou, represents strength, joy and vitality of the athletes and the Asian Para movement.
2014 Asian Para Games Incheon Jeonopi and Dnopi Black-faced spoonbill Chosen by organizers to highlight the games organiser commitment in environmental conservation. Jeonopi represents friendship with people in Asia and the world and the clean natural environment of host city Incheon, while Dnopi represents courage of the participating athletes and hope.
2018 Asian Para Games Jakarta Momo Brahminy kite The Brahminy kite is locally known as Bondol eagle. The name Momo is short for motivation and mobility. The mascot wears a Betawinese Belt with Sarong and Represents Jakarta city and strength.
2022 Asian Para Games Hangzhou

Medal countEdit

Of the 44 National Paralympic Committees participating throughout the history of the Games, 37 nations have won at least a single medal in the competition, leaving 7 nations: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal and Tajikistan yet to win a single medal. 31 nations have won at least one gold medal and China became the only nation in history to emerge as overall champions.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  China (CHN)5313011951027
2  South Korea (KOR)152150157459
3  Japan (JPN)115154164433
4  Iran (IRI)115118103336
5  Thailand (THA)64102136302
6  Uzbekistan (UZB)583125114
7  Indonesia (INA)476374184
8  Malaysia (MAS)415771169
9  Hong Kong (HKG)264054120
10  Vietnam (VIE)20194281
Totals (10 nations)1169103510213225

Asian Youth Para GamesEdit

The Asian Youth Para Games is a multi-sport event held every four years for youth athletes with physical disabilities. The first Games was held in 2009 in Tokyo, Japan. The Asian Youth Para Games superseded the FESPIC Youth Games which last held in 2003.

List of Youth GamesEdit

Host cities of the Asian Youth Para Games
Edition Year Host City Host Nation Start Date End Date Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Placed Team
I 2009 Tokyo   Japan 10 September 13 September 24 466 5 219   Japan (JPN)
II 2013 Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia 26 October 30 October 29 723 14 235   Japan (JPN)
III 2017 Dubai   United Arab Emirates 10 December 14 December 30 800 7 252   Japan (JPN)

Youth Games SportsEdit

All-time Youth Games medal tableEdit

As of 2017 Games
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Japan (JPN)1477573295
2  Iran (IRI)928172245
3  China (CHN)752210107
4  Thailand (THA)484231121
5  Hong Kong (HKG)40281886
6  Iraq (IRQ)38291683
7  South Korea (KOR)38252386
8  Malaysia (MAS)30303090
9  Uzbekistan (UZB)3013548
10  Kazakhstan (KAZ)25321875
11  Indonesia (INA)24121046
12  Vietnam (VIE)199533
13  India (IND)17141344
14  Jordan (JOR)155626
15  United Arab Emirates (UAE)138324
16  Chinese Taipei (TPE)118322
17  Saudi Arabia (KSA)114621
18  Singapore (SIN)910625
19  Kuwait (KUW)711321
20  Pakistan (PAK)42612
21  Myanmar (MYA)34411
22  Sri Lanka (SRI)3306
23  Palestine (PLE)2305
24  Bahrain (BRN)17311
25  Oman (OMA)1315
26  Philippines (PHI)1168
27  Syria (SYR)1113
28  Brunei (BRU)1001
29  North Korea (PRK)0314
30  Lebanon (LIB)0202
31  Macau (MAC)0123
32  Mongolia (MGL)0101
33  Cambodia (CAM)0000
  East Timor (TLS)0000
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0000
  Laos (LAO)0000
  Nepal (NEP)0000
  Qatar (QAT)0000
  Tajikistan (TJK)0000
  Turkmenistan (TKM)0000
  Yemen (YEM)0000
Totals (41 nations)7064893751570

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Closure of FESPIC Federation Archived 19 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Guangzhou wins bid to host 2010 Asian Para-Games". China Daily. 29 November 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
  3. ^ "1st APG Guangzhou 2010". APC. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  4. ^ "2nd APG Incheon 2014". APC. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  5. ^ "3rd APG Jakarta 2018". APC. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

External linksEdit