Ashikaga Yoshimochi

Ashikaga Yoshimochi (足利 義持, March 12, 1386 – February 3, 1428) was the fourth shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1394 to 1423 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshimochi was the son of the third shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.[1]

Ashikaga Yoshimochi
足利 義持
Ashikaga Yoshimochi.jpg
Shōgun
In office
1394–1423
Monarch
Preceded byAshikaga Yoshimitsu
Succeeded byAshikaga Yoshikazu
Personal details
Born(1386-03-12)March 12, 1386
DiedFebruary 3, 1428(1428-02-03) (aged 41)
Spouse(s)Hino Eishi
ChildrenAshikaga Yoshikazu
Parents
  • Ashikaga Yoshimitsu (father)
  • Fujiwara no Yoshiko (mother)
Signature

Succession and ruleEdit

In 1394, Yoshimitsu gave up his title in favor of his young son, and Yoshimochi was formally confirmed in his office as Sei-i Taishōgun.[1] Despite any appearance of retirement, the old shōgun didn't abandon any of his powers, and Yoshimitsu continued to maintain authority over the shogunate until his death. Yoshimochi exercised unfettered power as shōgun only after his father died in 1408.[2]

In 1398, during the sixth year of the reign of King Taejo of Joseon, a diplomatic mission was sent to Japan.[3] Pak Tong-chi and his retinue arrived in Kyoto in 1398 (Ōei 5, 8th month). Shogun Yoshimochi presented the envoy with a formal diplomatic letter; and presents were given for the envoy to convey to the Joseon court.[4]

In 1408, Yoshimochi comes into his own as a shōgun. The next year Ashikaga Mochiuji becomes Kantō kubō.[5] In 1411, Yoshimochi breaks off relations with China.[6] Emperor Go-Komatsu abdicates in 1413, therefore Emperor Shōkō ascends the throne in repudiation of an agreement. This resulted in renewed hostility between the shogunate and supporters of Southern Court.[5] Dissension erupts between Ashikaga Mochiuji, the Kantō Kubō in Kamakura, and Uesugi Zenshū (the Kantō Kanrei) in 1415,[6] and the Uesugi rebels the following year,[5] but it was quelled by Mochiuji by 1417.[6]

A Korean attack on Tsushima (Ōei Invasion) happened in 1419, and serious famine with great loss of life occurred the next year.[6] In 1422, there was a resurgence in supporters of the Southern Court. Yoshimochi cedes authority to his son in 1423,[5] but he had to retake responsibilities of the office of shōgun when his son died in 1425.[7] Yoshimochi followed his father's example by formally ceding his powers to a young son, fifth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshikazu, who was then 18.[8]

FamilyEdit

Era of Yoshimochi's bakufuEdit

The years in which Yoshimochi was shōgun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 321., p. 321, at Google Books
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 325., p. 325, at Google Books
  3. ^ Kang, Etsuko Hae-jin. (1997). Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century, p. 275., p. 275, at Google Books
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 322., p. 322, at Google Books
  5. ^ a b c d Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: the Tokushi Yoron, p. 330.
  6. ^ a b c d Sansom, George. (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615, p. 142., p. 142, at Google Books
  7. ^ Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p. 330.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 329., p. 329, at Google Books
  9. ^ Titsingh, pp. 321–329., p. 321, at Google Books

ReferencesEdit

  • Ackroyd, Joyce I. (1982) Lessons from History: the Tokushi Yoron. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702214851; OCLC 7574544
  • Kang, Etsuko Hae-jin. (1997). Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese–Korean Relations: from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Basingstoke, Hampshire; Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-17370-8; OCLC 243874305
  • Sansom, George Bailey (1961). A History of Japan: 1334–1615. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-0525-7; OCLC 43483194
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 585069
Preceded by Shōgun:
Ashikaga Yoshimochi

1394–1423
Succeeded by