Ashik Abbas Tufarqanlı

Abbas Tufarqanlı or Abbas Divarganli, or Abbas of Tufargan, (Persian: عاشیق عباس توفارقانلی, Azerbaijani: Aşıq Abbas Tufarqanlı, Turkish: Aşık Tufarganlı Abbas) is one of the most prominent ashiks of all times.[1]

Abbas Tufarqanlı
Bornlate 16th century
Azarshahr
DiedDOD unknown
OccupationAshik

Abbas Tufarqanlı was born in late 16th century in Azarshahr, a town near Tabriz which was known as Tufarqan. His biography is shrouded in the background of the folk story, Abbas and Gülgez set in the court of Safavid Shah Abbas (1587–1629), where Ashik Abbas quests to win his beloved Gülgez away from the king.[2] Abbas achieves his goal by convincing the ruler that he (Ashik Abbas) was a divinely inspired ashik. This episode is a renowned instance of dream motif in Turkish hikaye.[3]

Abbas Tufarqanlı's compositionsEdit

Abbas was a great composer and some of his compositions have survived and are still song by contemporary ashiks. A famous song is the following:[4][5]

Ay həzarət, bir zamana gəlibdir,
Ala qarğa şux tərlanı bəyənməz
Oğullar atanı, qızlar anani,
Gəlinlər də qaynananı bəyənməz
Adam var, dağları gəzər sərsəri,
Adam var, geyinər pustinən dəri,
Adam var, mərfətdən yoxdur xəbəri,
Adam var, soltanı, xanı bəyənməz.
...
Adam var dəstinə verərsən güllər,
Adam var, gözünə çəkəsən millər,
Tufarqanlı Abbas, başına küllər,
Nə günə qalmısan, qarı bəyənməz.

Oh brothers and sisters, what have we come to:
The jay hates the eagle as never before.
Sons hate their fathers, daughters- their mothers,
And daughters-in-law hate their mothers-in-law.
Some people like vagabonds roam in the mountains,
Some wear clothes of leather- a sin in effect.
Some people know nothing of tact and good manners,
While others pay sultans and khans no respect..
...
There are people whom you would like present with flowers.
There are people whom you would like to blind their eyes.
O Abbas Tufarghan, what have you come to:
Your old woman declares she doesn't like you!

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Intangible Cultural Heritage of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation (PDF). Unesco. p. 21.
  2. ^ Oldfield Senarsla, Anna (2008). Women Aşiqs of Azerbaijan: Tradition and Transformation. Ann Arbor: Proquest LLC. p. 29.
  3. ^ Baṣgöz, I. (1967). Dream Motif in Turkish Folk Stories and Shamanistic Initiation. Asian Folklore Studies, 26(1), 1-18.
  4. ^ "Bəyənməz". Archived from the original on 2014-05-02.
  5. ^ Madatli, Eynulla (2010). Poetry of Azerbaijan (PDF). Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Islamabad. p. 80. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-29.