Asghar Afghan, born Mohammad Asghar Stanikzai (Pashto: محمد اصغر ستانکزی), and also known as Asghar Salamkhail (اصغر سلامخېل), is an Afghan cricketer and the former captain of the Afghanistan national cricket team. Afghan is a right-handed batsman and a medium-fast bowler. In May 2018, he was named as the captain of Afghanistan, for their inaugural Test match, played against India. He made his Test debut for Afghanistan, against India, on 14 June 2018. In April 2019, the Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB) dropped him as captain of the Afghanistan team across all three formats. 
|Full name||Mohammad Asghar Afghan|
|Born||22 February 1987|
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Role||Middle order batsman|
|Relations||Karim Janat (brother)|
|Test debut (cap 2)||14 June 2018 v India|
|Last Test||15 March 2019 v Ireland|
|ODI debut (cap 1)||19 April 2009 v Scotland|
|Last ODI||4 July 2019 v West Indies|
|ODI shirt no.||44|
|T20I debut (cap 1)||1 February 2010 v Ireland|
|Last T20I||24 February 2019 v Ireland|
|T20I shirt no.||44|
|Domestic team information|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 4 July 2019
Afghan made his representative international debut for Afghanistan U-17s in the 2004 ACC Under-17 competition, where he played his debut match against the United Arab Emirates Under-17s. Afghans's debut match for the senior squad came against Oman in the 2004 ACC Trophy, as well as the 2006 ACC Trophy and the 2007 ACC Twenty20 Cup.
Afghan was a member of the Afghanistan side, that from 2008 to 2009 won the World Cricket League Division Five, Division Four and Division Three, earning them promotion to Division Two and allowing them to take part in the 2009 ICC World Cup Qualifier where they gained One Day International status.
In the World Cup Qualifier, Afghan made his List-A debut for Afghanistan against Bermuda and later in the tournament he made his One Day International debut against Scotland. His first-class debut came in Intercontinental Cup against a Zimbabwe XI in which Afghanistan drew the match. To date, Afghan has played in 4 first-class matches for Afghanistan. Later, in November 2009 he was a member of Afghanistan's 2009 ACC Twenty20 Cup winning squad.
Afghan made his Twenty20 International debut against Ireland in the 2010 Quadrangular Twenty20 Series in Sri Lanka. Later on in February 2010, Afghan played a single match in Afghanistan's victorious 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier, playing in the final against Ireland. Afghan was later named in Afghanistan's squad for the 2010 ICC World Twenty20.
In April 2010, Afghan was a key member of Afghanistan's 2010 ACC Trophy Elite winning squad which defeated Nepal in the final. Afghan ended the tournament as the third leading run scorer with 253 runs, including a score of 151 runs from 83 balls against Bhutan.
On March 1, 2014, Afghan's 90* helped Afghanistan them to register their win over Bangladesh which was their first win against test playing nations. He and Samiullah Shenwari put on a 164 runs partnership for the sixth wicket which is the fifth highest Partnership for the sixth wicket in the history of ODIs and the third highest ODI Partnership for Afghanistan.
In September 2018, he was named in Kandahar's squad in the first edition of the Afghanistan Premier League tournament. He was the leading run-scorer for the Kandahar Knights in the tournament, with 264 runs in eight matches.
In April 2019, he was named in Afghanistan's squad for the 2019 Cricket World Cup. The following month, in the ODI series against Scotland, he became the second cricketer for Afghanistan to play in 100 ODI matches.
- "Afghanistan Squads for T20I Bangladesh Series and on-eoff India Test Announced". Afghanistan Cricket Board. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Afghanistan pick four spinners for inaugural Test". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Only Test, Afghanistan tour of India at Bengaluru, Jun 14-18 2018". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "Asghar Afghan removed as Afghanistan announce split captaincy". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Rahmat, Rashid given leadership roles in Afghanistan revamp". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Captain Asghar changes surname to Afghan". Afghanistan Cricket Board. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
- "Afghanistan captain Asghar Stanikzai changes his name to Asghar Afghan". Sport360. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
- Afghanistan Under-17s v United Arab Emirates Under-17s (2004)
- Afghanistan v Oman (2004)
- Afghanistan v Bermuda (2009)
- Afghanistan v Scotland (2009)
- Zimbabwe XI v Afghanistan (2009)
- Afghanistan v Ireland (2010)
- Afghanistan v Ireland (2010)
- ICC World Twenty20 Afghanistan squad
- Afghanistan v Bhutan (2010)
- "Asghar Afghan to miss start of CWCQ campaign". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Afghanistan Premier League 2018 – All you need to know from the player draft". CricTracker. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
- "Afghanistan Premier League, 2018/19 - Kandahar Knights: Batting and bowling averages". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Hamid Hassan picked in Afghanistan's World Cup squad; Naib to captain". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Asghar Afghan included in Gulbadin Naib-led World Cup squad". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Afghanistan regroup under new leadership with eye on World Cup". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 10 May 2019.