Asfeld is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France.

Asfeld
Town hall and square
Town hall and square
Coat of arms of Asfeld
Coat of arms
Location of Asfeld
Asfeld is located in France
Asfeld
Asfeld
Asfeld is located in Grand Est
Asfeld
Asfeld
Coordinates: 49°28′11″N 4°07′09″E / 49.4697°N 4.1192°E / 49.4697; 4.1192Coordinates: 49°28′11″N 4°07′09″E / 49.4697°N 4.1192°E / 49.4697; 4.1192
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentArdennes
ArrondissementRethel
CantonChâteau-Porcien
IntercommunalityCC Pays Rethélois
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Aline Beaujard[1]
Area
1
22.19 km2 (8.57 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
1,097
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08024 /08190
Elevation60–118 m (197–387 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Asfeldois.[3]

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[4]

GeographyEdit

Asfeld is located some 35 km east by south-east of Laon and 8 km north-east of Neufchâtel-sur-Aisne. Access to the commune is by road D 926 from Vieux-lès-Asfeld in the south-west passing through the town and continuing north-east to Aire. The D 37 also goes from the town north-west to Villers-devant-le-Thour. The D 18 from Villers-devant-le-Thour to the D 926 north of Balham passes through the north-east corner of the commune. The D 137 road branches off the D 18 in the commune and goes south-west to Avaux. The D 237 goes from the town south-east to Roizy. Apart from the town there is also the village of Juzancourt in the north of the commune. The commune is mainly farmland with some forested areas near the river and in the north.[5]

The Aisne river passes through the commune from east to west forming a part of the eastern border and continuing south-west to eventually join the Oise at Compiègne. The Canal des Ardennes also passes through the commune parallel to the Aisne. The Ruisseau des Barres forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Aisne.

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

HistoryEdit

 
Farm in the centre of the commune

A fortified point beside the AisneEdit

Asfeld was a village formerly called Ecry where the Vikings were defeated in 883.

On November 28, 1199, a tournament was held in Ecry, in which several of Pope Innocent III's papal legates recruited Theobald III, Count of Champagne, the tournament host, Louis of Blois, Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester and Reynald of Montmirail for the Fourth Crusade. Historians have debated whether one of the Pope's most controversial papal legates Fulk of Neuilly was one of the aforementioned recruiters.

In the Middle Ages, the Lords of Escry built a fortified residence. It was passed to the Grandpré family then to the Bossut. The chateau suffered numerous assaults: in 1359 it was sacked by the troops of Edward III riding from Calais to Reims then again by the Burgundians around 1425.

In 1625 it was again attacked by Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, profiting from the Fronde to plunder Champagne and threaten Île-de-France.

In 1671, Jean-Jacques de Mesmes, Count of Avaux bought the fief of Ecry after it had been devastated by these successive invasions to complete his territory. The main town of Ecry was then renamed Avaux-la-ville.

From Avaux-la-Ville to AsfeldEdit

Jean-Jacques de Mesmes stimulated the local economy by establishing a weekly market and two annual fairs. He strengthened and enlarged the chateau and its approaches.

In 1680 he decided to build a new church as the existing church was in a particularly bad state. This construction was part of an overall plan for the surroundings of the château.[6] The new church building was blessed on 15 June 1685.

On 20 March 1728 Claude François Bidal d'Asfeld bought the County of Avaux which was created from Avaux-le-Château, Avaux-la-Ville, Aire, Vieux, and Vauboison. In 1730 this lordship was raised to a marquisate. Avaux-la-Ville, which had been called Ecry until 1671, again changed its name and took the current name of Asfeld.

Claude François Bidal Asfeld was Lieutenant-General of the armies (equivalent to General of division of the King and Director-general of fortifications, succeeding to this function from Vauban.

At the same time, Nicolas Bidet from Reims, a winemaker and author of a botanical treatise on the nature and the culture of grapevines, became Lord of Juzancourt, now a hamlet in Asfeld commune.

Revolutions and political upheavalsEdit

The son of Claude François Bidal d'Asfeld, Claude Étienne, the second Marquis of Asfeld lived mainly in Paris but had strong relationships with the inhabitants of Asfeld. The French Revolution of 1789 accentuated the conflicts.

The gates of the château were forced open on 13 June 1790. The Marquis of Asfeld condemned the leaders but on 25 August 1792, hearing of the fall of the monarchy, mobs again entered the property of the Marquis and symbolically burned his Charter.[6] The Marquis preferred to emigrate to Aachen following the French Revolution. His assets were seized and sold as Biens nationaux (national property). The castle was demolished the following year. The church was spared.

During the Revolution the commune took the name of Écry-le-Franc or Escry-le-Franc.[7]

In 1814, during the Battle for France, the region of Berry-au-Bac in Asfeld was the scene of fighting between Field Marshal Blücher, the Duke of Ragusa, and General Ricard.[8]

In February 1848 a native of Asfeld, the botanist Jean-Baptiste Payer, participated in the revolutionary events in Paris, became Chief of staff for Lamartine then enjoyed a burgeoning popularity in his native region and was elected MP for Ardennes in the French Second Republic although it was ephemeral.

At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century the construction of railways was encouraged by freight traffic from the sugar beet industry. Spurred by the brothers Jules and Désiré Linard, the railway was quickly built and created potential for further diversification for farmers.

Conflicts of the 20th centuryEdit

Throughout the 1914-1918 war the area was close to combat zones until the final days[9] and suffered extensive damage. In 1940 after the breakthrough at Sedan in May, it was along the Aisne and in particular at Asfeld that a line of defence against the German invasion was attempted to be organized in early June without much success. In the years that followed, resistance movements emerge, such as the FTP.

HeraldryEdit

The official status of the blazon remains to be determined

Blazon:
Quarterly, at 1 and 4 Gules, with a bend of Azure charged with three antique crowns of 3 points of Or between two palm branches the same; at 2 and 3 a lion issuant of Argent crowned the same, that at 3 counter-rampant; over all an inescutcheon of Or with four pales of Gules, the inescutcheon crowned with a Ducal crown of Or with a crest of a griffin issuant the same.






The Croix de guerre 1914-1918 was awarded to the commune on 17 September 1921.



AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name
2001 2020 Jean-Marc Briois
2020 current Aline Beaujard

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 1,116 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 947—    
1800 1,056+1.57%
1806 1,084+0.44%
1821 1,121+0.22%
1831 1,248+1.08%
1836 1,284+0.57%
1841 1,221−1.00%
1846 1,220−0.02%
1851 1,238+0.29%
1866 1,151−0.48%
1872 1,102−0.72%
1876 1,057−1.04%
1881 1,078+0.39%
1886 961−2.27%
1891 965+0.08%
1896 950−0.31%
1901 913−0.79%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1906 932+0.41%
1911 907−0.54%
1921 1,020+1.18%
1926 849−3.60%
1931 840−0.21%
1936 812−0.68%
1946 772−0.50%
1954 812+0.63%
1962 843+0.47%
1968 803−0.81%
1975 926+2.06%
1982 1,015+1.32%
1990 1,061+0.56%
1999 976−0.92%
2007 999+0.29%
2012 1,104+2.02%
2017 1,116+0.22%
Source: EHESS[7] and INSEE[11]

Culture and heritageEdit

Asfeld is a stage on the Route de Porcien, a tourist route promoted by the Tourism Office of Ardennes

Civil heritageEdit

  • The former Arlot Flour Mill (17th century) [12]
  • The German War cemetery

Religious heritageEdit

  • The Church of Saint-Didier (17th century) [13] contains a:
    • Painting: The Martyrdom of Saint-Sebastian [14]
  • The Chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Pitié contains a Sculpture of the Virgin of Pity [15]
 
Claude François Bidal d'Asfeld

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (in French)
  4. ^ Asfeld in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  5. ^ Google Maps
  6. ^ a b Philippe Seydoux, Country seats and fortified Houses in Champagne, Marne, and Ardennes, Éditions de La Morande, 1997, Vol. 1, 320 pages, p. 94-97, ISBN 2-902091-30-3 and Plan of the Château d'Avaux-la-Ville, p. 95 (in French)
  7. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Asfeld, EHESS. (in French)
  8. ^ Jean Baptiste Frédéric Koch, Memoir to serve as a history of the campaign of 1814,, volume 2, Paris, 1819, Read online (in French)
  9. ^ Joseph Prudhon, Journal of a Soldier 1914-1918: Recalling the miseries of the Great War, L'Harmattan, 2010, ISBN 978-2-296-12855-2, Read online (in French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  11. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000312 Arlot Flour Mill (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078333 Church of Saint-Didier (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000635 Painting: The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000025 Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (in French)

External linksEdit