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Asahikawa (旭川市, Asahikawa-shi) is a city in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. It is the capital of the subprefecture, and the second-largest city in Hokkaido, after Sapporo.[1][2] It has been a core city since April 1, 2000. The city is currently well known for the Asahiyama Zoo and Asahikawa ramen.

Asahikawa

旭川市
View of the city from Mount Arashiyama
View of the city from Mount Arashiyama
Flag of Asahikawa
Flag
Official seal of Asahikawa
Emblem
Location of Asahikawa in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido
Location of Asahikawa in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido
Location of Kamikawa Subprefecture in Hokkaido
Location of Kamikawa Subprefecture in Hokkaido
Asahikawa is located in Japan
Asahikawa
Asahikawa
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 43°46′N 142°22′E / 43.767°N 142.367°E / 43.767; 142.367Coordinates: 43°46′N 142°22′E / 43.767°N 142.367°E / 43.767; 142.367
CountryJapan
RegionHokkaido
PrefectureHokkaido
Government
 • MayorMasahito Nishikawa
Area
 • Total747.6 km2 (288.6 sq mi)
Population
 (July 30, 2011)
 • Total352,105
 • Density470.98/km2 (1,219.8/sq mi)
Symbols
 • TreeJapanese rowan
 • FlowerAzalea
 • BirdBohemian waxwing
 • OthersInsect: Kantan (Oecanthus longicauda)
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address9-46 Rokujō-dōri, Asahikawa-shi, Hokkaido
070-8525
Websitewww.city.asahikawa.hokkaido.jp

On July 31, 2011, the city had an estimated population of 352,105, with 173,961 households, and a population density of 470.96 persons per km² (1,219.8 persons per sq. mi.). The total area is 747.6 km2 (288.6 sq mi).[2]

Contents

NameEdit

The Ainu called the Asahi River Chiu Pet meaning "River of Waves", but it was misunderstood as Chup Pet, meaning "Sun River", and so it came to be called Asahi River in Japanese (Asahi meaning "morning sun").

OverviewEdit

On August 1, 1922, Asahikawa was founded as Asahikawa City. As the central city in northern Hokkaido, Asahikawa has been influential in industry and commerce. There are about 130 rivers and streams including the Ishikari River and Chūbetsu River, and over 740 bridges in the city.[3] Asahibashi, a bridge over Ishikari River, has been one of the symbols of Asahikawa since its completion in 1932, and it was also registered as one of the Hokkaido Heritage sites on October 22, 2001.[4]

 
Heiwa Street in Asahikawa

Every winter, the Asahikawa Winter Festival is held on the bank of the Ishikari River, making use of Asahikawa's cold climate and snow. On January 25, 1902, a weather station recorded −41 °C (−41.8 °F), the lowest temperature in Japanese history.[5] Due to its climate and location surrounded by mountains, there are some ski resorts in the outskirts of the city.

 
Asahibashi Bridge

HistoryEdit

Asahikawa was populated by mainland Japanese in the Meiji period (1868 – July 1912) as a tondenhei, or state-sponsored farmer-militia settlement.[1]

Kamikawa District set up under Ishikari Province with the villages of Asahikawa, Nagayama and Kamui in 1890.

  • 1900 Asahikawa Village becomes Asahikawa town
  • 1914 Asahikawa Town becomes Asahikawa-ku

Asahikawa was elevated to city status in 1922.[2]

Asahikawa thrived as a military city before World War II, when the IJA 7th Division was posted there. Today, the 2nd Division of the Northern Army of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force is headquartered in Asahikawa.

  • 1955 Kamui Village and Etanbetsu Village merge with Asahikawa
  • 1961 Nagayama Town merged
  • 1963 Higashi-Asahikawa Town merged
  • 1967 Asahiyama Zoo opened
  • 1968 Kagura Town merged
  • 1971 Higashi-Takasu Town merged
  • 1972 Japan's first permanent pedestrian mall Heiwadōri Shopping Park opened
  • April 1, 2000 Asahikawa becomes a Core city

ClimateEdit

The climate is hemiboreal humid continental (Dfb, according to Köppen classification).[6] Asahikawa winters are long and cold, with below-freezing average monthly temperatures from December through March. The city also sees an extraordinary amount of snowfall, averaging just under 7.6 m (25 ft) of snow per year. Summers are generally warm and humid in Asahikawa, with average high temperatures in the warmest months hovering around 26 °C (79 °F). Spring and fall are generally short and transitional in the city.[citation needed]

It is one of the coolest Japanese cities as well as one of the most "continental". Japan's lowest temperature ever (−41 °C (−42 °F)) was recorded in Asahikawa, colder than other cities registered in Hokkaido[7][8][9], but cold in absolute numbers than Mount Fuji.[10] On Jan 12, 1909 the temperature did not rise from −22.5 °C (−9 °F) being one of the coldest in history.[7] Some sources consider it the coldest city in Japan.[11][12][13]

Climate data for Asahikawa, 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
12.2
(54.0)
18.8
(65.8)
29.6
(85.3)
32.8
(91.0)
35.9
(96.6)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
32.9
(91.2)
25.0
(77.0)
22.0
(71.6)
14.7
(58.5)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.6
(36.7)
11.7
(53.1)
17.7
(63.9)
22.9
(73.2)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
21.6
(70.9)
14.8
(58.6)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
11.9
(53.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.6
(42.1)
11.8
(53.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
15.9
(60.6)
9.2
(48.6)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
6.8
(44.3)
Average low °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.0
(32.0)
5.4
(41.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.9
(60.6)
16.8
(62.2)
11.2
(52.2)
3.9
(39.0)
−2
(28)
−7.9
(17.8)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) −41
(−42)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−19
(−2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.0
(33.8)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−8
(18)
−25
(−13)
−30
(−22)
−41
(−42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.6
(2.74)
51.3
(2.02)
54.0
(2.13)
47.6
(1.87)
64.8
(2.55)
63.6
(2.50)
108.7
(4.28)
133.5
(5.26)
130.9
(5.15)
104.3
(4.11)
117.2
(4.61)
96.6
(3.80)
1,042.1
(41.02)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 174
(69)
131
(52)
111
(44)
23
(9.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
107
(42)
189
(74)
743
(293)
Average snowy days 30.4 26.8 25.1 9.4 0.7 0 0 0 0 2.9 17.7 29.3 142.3
Average relative humidity (%) 80 79 69 67 66 74 78 79 77 78 81 82 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.8 105.8 149.6 167.1 197.6 189.3 161.8 147.3 142.2 132.0 64.0 60.3 1,590.8
Source: JPA[14][15]

EconomyEdit

Asahikawa developed as an industrial center in Hokkaido after World War II. The city is noted for its lumber and brewing industries, as well as the production of furniture and paper pulp.[1]

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

NationalEdit

PrivateEdit

CollegesEdit

  • Asahikawa National College of Technology

High schoolsEdit

PublicEdit

  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Higashi High school
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Kita High School
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Nishi High School
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Minami High School
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Eiryo High school
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Agricultural High School (Nogyo)
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Commercial High School (Shogyo)
  • Hokkaido Asahikawa Technical High School (Kogyo)

PrivateEdit

  • Asahikawa Ryukoku High School
  • Asahikawa Fuji Girls' High School
  • Asahikawa Jitsugyo High School
  • Asahikawa Meisei High School
  • Asahikawa University High School
  • Ikegami Gakuen High School, Asahikawa Campus

TransportationEdit

AirportEdit

 
Asahikawa Airport

Asahikawa is served by Asahikawa Airport which stretches over the outskirts of Asahikawa City and Higashikagura, Hokkaido. The airport was first proposed by the Asahikawa City Council in 1955, opened in 1961, and daily flights to Tokyo started in 1970. The present terminal of Asahikawa Airport opened in 2000. It is a second class airport, and also a single-runway regional airport. It serves domestic destinations including Tokyo, but some airlines offer destinations in South Korea.[17] EVA Air added Asahikawa as a destination from Taipei on May 2, 2013.

RailEdit

 
Asahikawa railway station (replaced in 2017)

Asahikawa is one of the major rail hubs of Hokkaido. The Hakodate Main Line connects Asahikawa to Hakodate in the south of Hokkaido, and the Sōya Main Line connects Asahikawa with Wakkanai at the north of Hokkaido. The Sekihoku Main Line connects the city with Abashiri on the Sea of Okhotsk. The Furano Line connects Abashiri with nearby Furano.[2]

BusEdit

Municipal buses also serve the city.

SpecialtiesEdit

  • Asahikawa Ramen
  • Asahikawa furniture
  • Confectionery
  • Sake (Otokoyama, Takasago, Taisetsunokura)
  • Cocktail
  • Taisetsu Microbrew Beer "Taisetsu ji-beer"
  • Asahikawa mutton barbecue "Genghis Khan"
  • Pottery / Wooden handiwork (Arashiyama area)

SightseeingEdit

  • Arashiyama Pottery village
  • Asahibashi Bridge
  • Asahikawa Furniture Center
  • Asahikawa Museum of Sculpture in Honor of Teijiro Nakahara
  • Asahikawa Winter Festival / Illuminations (February)
  • Asahikawa Youth Science Museum "Saiparu"
  • Asahiyama Zoo
  • Ayako Miura Memorial Literature Center
  • Hoppo Wild Flower Garden, famous for Erythronium japonicum (Dogtooth violet) that flower in May
  • Hokkaido Traditional Art Craft Village
  • Kita-no-Mori Ice Pavilion
  • Mount Tossho, also famous for Erythronium japonicum
  • Otokoyama Sake Brewing Museum
  • Romantic Road (tree tunnel and churches)
  • Ski Resorts (Kamui Ski Links, Santa Present Park, Pippu Ski Area, Canmore Ski Village etc.)
  • Sugai Amusement Factory
  • Yasushi Inoue Memorial Center

Sister and friendship citiesEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Friendship citiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Asahikawa". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  2. ^ a b c d 旭川市 [Asahikawa]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  3. ^ Asahikawa 8 Scenes ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  4. ^ Hokkaido Heritage Website: 6, Asahibashi Bridge ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  5. ^ Asahikawa City 7th General Scheme Gist[permanent dead link] ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  6. ^ "Asahikawa, Japan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  7. ^ a b "Asahikawa Fact File - Location, Weather, Population and other information". www.asahikawa-tourism.com. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  8. ^ "Enjoying an Extremely Cold City – Asahikawa, Hokkaido | Welcome to Amazing Japan! | NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN". NHK WORLD. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  9. ^ nbakki. "Top 10 Coldest Temperature Records in Japan". How much is it in Tokyo?. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  10. ^ "Seasons come and go - but when? - Wild Watch | Japan Nature Guides". www.japannatureguides.com. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  11. ^ "Hokkaido's cities". www.hisgo.com. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  12. ^ "日本で一番寒い場所はどこ? - 日本の最低気温ランキング". www.tabi2ikitai.com. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  13. ^ "日本一寒い町!陸別町ってどんなところ!?". NAVER まとめ. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  14. ^ 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
  15. ^ 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
  16. ^ "DIRECTIONS TO HOKKAIDO TOKAI UNIVERSITY (HTU)" (). Hokkaido Tokai University. November 20, 2005. Retrieved on April 10, 2015. "5-1-1-1 Minami-sawa, Minami-ku, Sapporo 005-8601, Japan" and "224 Chuwa, Kamui-Cho, Asahikawa 070-8601, Hokkaido, Japan"
  17. ^ 旭川空港 [Asahikawa Airport]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  18. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  19. ^ Dubreuil, Chisato O. (2004). From the Playground of the Gods: The Life and Art of Bikky Sunazawa. Arctic Studies Center, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 9780967342986. Retrieved 22 April 2019.

External linksEdit